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  1. Cortisol levels in dolphin Tursiops truncatus interactive programs linked to humanNiveles de cortisol en delfines Tursiops truncatus vinculados a programas interactivos con humanos

    Contributor(s):: Sanchez Okrucky, R., Morales Vela, B.

    Understanding the physiological changes in animals during physical activity to improve animal welfare has become increasingly important in animal collections that remain under human care. To date, the effect of interactive programs on dolphins under human care has not been evaluated, for that...

  2. Application of the welfare quality protocol in pig slaughterhouses of five countries

    Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Nande, A., Vieira-Pinto, M., Zamprogna, S., Martino, G. di, Ribas, J. C. R., Costa, M. P. da, Halinen-Elemo, K., Velarde, A.

    The objective of the present study is to assess the variability of the measures used in the welfare quality (WQ) protocol for pigs among slaughterhouses in five different countries and to propose alarm and critical thresholds for the calculation of scores for future development of an animal...

  3. Behaviors indicative of attachment with pets scale: an adaptation of the attachment during stress scale for companion animals

    Contributor(s):: Vanegas-Farfano, M., Gonzalez-Ramirez, M. T.

    This article introduces a Spanish-language assessment tool for the evaluation of behaviors that are indicative of attachment to aid research into human-animal interaction. The psychometric properties of the adapted scale to simultaneously quantify the attachment are presented. A confirmatory...

  4. Human-animal interactions of community dogs in Campo Largo, Brazil: a descriptive study

    Contributor(s):: Kwok, Y. K. E., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von, Sprea, G., Molento, C. F. M.

    Free-roaming, ownerless dogs comprise a considerable portion of Brazil's dog population. To address societal concerns for animal welfare, the Brazilian town of Campo Largo established the "community dog program," where free-roaming dogs are cared for by self-appointed community members, known as...

  5. A comparison of zoo animal behavior in the presence of familiar and unfamiliar people

    Contributor(s):: Martin, R. A., Melfi, V.

    As recorded in domestic nonhuman animals, regular interactions between animals in zoos and keepers and the resulting relationship formed (human-animal relationship [HAR]) are likely to influence the animals' behaviors with associated welfare consequences. HAR formation requires that zoo animals...

  6. Pets in the context of disaster: challenges of (de)protectionAnimais de estimacao em contexto de desastres: desafios de (des)protecao

    Contributor(s):: Antonio, L. S., Valencio, N. F. L. da S.

    Immeasurable social-environmental damage and losses occur in catastrophic disasters related to hydro meteorological events. Some of them have prominence to the authorities who work in the emergency context and others do not. In Brazil, in general, animals seriously affected in these disasters...

  7. Effects of an insect-mediated mental healthcare program for mentally disordered children

    Contributor(s):: Jun, YoungSoon, Bae, SungMin, Shin, TaeYoung, Lee, SeungHee, Gwak, WonSeok, Ahn, YongOh, Kim, InHui, Lee, SeeNae, Kim, DongJun, Kim, TaeHo, Woo, SooDong

    Insects are the most diverse groups of animals on the planet, representing more than one-half of all known living organisms, and are found in nearly every environment. Recently, the importance of insects as food sources or as pets has increased in many countries, including Korea. In addition,...

  8. A new questionnaire examining general attitudes toward animals in Cyprus and the United Kingdom

    Contributor(s):: Zalaf, A., Egan, V.

    A review of the animal welfare literature indicates that all the current measures used to evaluate it have limitations in how they assess attitudes toward animals and their care. Few studies have examined animal welfare outside non-Western nations, although attitudes toward animals and their...

  9. Olfactory discrimination and generalization of ammonium nitrate and structurally related odorants in Labrador retrievers

    Contributor(s):: Lazarowski, L., Foster, M. L., Gruen, M. E., Sherman, B. L., Fish, R. E., Milgram, N. W., Dorman, D. C.

    A critical aspect of canine explosive detection involves the animal's ability respond to novel, untrained odors based on prior experience with training odors. In the current study, adult Labrador retrievers ( N=15) were initially trained to discriminate between a rewarded odor (vanillin) and an...

  10. Characteristics of a canine distemper virus outbreak in Dichato, Chile following the February 2010 earthquake

    Contributor(s):: Garde, E., Perez, G., Acosta-Jamett, G., Bronsvoort, B. M.

    Following the earthquake and tsunami disaster in Chile in February 2010, residents of Dichato reported high morbidity and mortality in dogs, descriptions of which resembled canine distemper virus (CDV). To assess the situation, free vaccine clinics were offered in April and May. Owner...

  11. Early domestication and farming: what should we know or do for a better understanding?

    Contributor(s):: Vigne, J. D.

    This paper aims to identify a series of conceptual, strategic and technological challenges facing archaeozoology (and archaeobotany) in order to better understand when, where, how and why plant and animal domestication and farming developed during the last 12 000 years. Situated at the interface...

  12. The hidden cost of eating meat in South Africa: what every responsible consumer should know

    Contributor(s):: Jankielsohn, A.

    Meat production in South Africa is on an increasing trend. In South Africa rising wealth, urbanisation and a growing middle class means South Africans are eating more processed and high-protein foods, especially meat and dairy products. These foods are more land- and water-intensive than fruit,...

  13. Evaluation of the sexual behavior and testosterone concentrations of Mangalarga Marchador stallions

    Contributor(s):: Rua, M. A. S., Quirino, C. R., Bastos, R., Bartholazzi Junior, A., Santoro, P. N., Ribeiro, M. da S., Matos, L. F., Barreto, M. A. P.

    Assessing the sexual behavior of stallions is extremely important because sexual behavior is linked to reproductive efficiency. The objective of this study was to evaluate the sexual behavior, testosterone concentration and libido of Mangalarga Marchador stallions from northern Rio de Janeiro...

  14. Feeding behavior and the effect of photoperiod on the performance and hematological parameters of the pacama catfish ( Lophiosilurus alexandri)

    Contributor(s):: Kitagawa, A. T., Costa, L. S., Paulino, R. R., Luz, R. K., Rosa, P. V., Guerra-Santos, B., Fortes-Silva, R.

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the rhythms of feeding and locomotor activity, the ability to synchronize to a fixed feeding time, and the influence of photoperiod on the growth parameters, feed intake and hematological parameters of a recently introduced fish in freshwater Brazilian...

  15. A means-end chain approach to explaining the adoption of good agricultural practices certification schemes: the case of Malaysian vegetable farmers

    Contributor(s):: Tey, YeongSheng, Arsil, P., Brindal, M., Shamsudin, M. N., Radam, A., Ahmad Hanis, I. A. H., Natasha, Rajendran, Lim, ChinDing

    Good agricultural practices (GAP) certification schemes have been promoted to enhance agricultural sustainability. This study seeks to explain the adoption of GAP certification schemes through an analysis of the role of personal values in guiding such choice. It is a departure from approaches...

  16. Evaluation of a novel rodenticide: acute sub-lethal effects of a methaemoglobin-inducing agent

    Contributor(s):: Quy, R. J., Gibson, T. J., Lambert, M. S., Eason, C. T., Gregory, N. G.

    In a series of experiments the welfare of para-aminovalerophenone (PAVP) sub-lethally poisoned rats ( Rattus norvegicus) was assessed. The experiments: (i) examined the acute methaemoglobin (MetHb) profile over time; (ii) refined the LD50 estimate for PAVP in adult female rats; (iii) developed...

  17. Hormonal and behavioural stress responses to capture and radio-collar fitting in free-ranging pampas deer ( Ozotoceros bezoarticus)

    Contributor(s):: Munerato, M. S., Marques, J. A., Caulkettt, N. A., Tomas, W. M., Zanetti, E. S., Trovati, R. G., Pereira, G. T., Palme, R.

    This study evaluated the short-term hormonal and behavioural responses to capture and radio-collar fitting in free-ranging pampas deer ( Ozotoceros bezoarticus). Twenty adult deer (eleven females and nine males) were captured in the South Pantanal wetland (Brazil) and equipped with VHF...

  18. Evaluation of a novel rodenticide: welfare assessment of fatal methaemoglobinaemia in adult rats ( Rattus norvegicus)

    Contributor(s):: Gibson, T. J., Quy, R. J., Eason, C. T., Gregory, N. G.

    This study assessed the welfare of rats ( Rattus norvegicus) poisoned with a lethal dose of the methaemoglobin (MetHb) inducing compound para-aminovalerophenone (PAVP). Twenty rats were orally gavaged with either PAVP (treated) or the vehicle only (control). Spontaneous and evoked behaviours were...

  19. Ancient camelids in the Old World - between Arabia and Europe

    Contributor(s):: Mashkour, M., Beech, M.

    This special issue contains topics on the history, use and value of camels in different areas of the world, including Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Romania, Hungary and Serbia.

  20. Behavioral changes and feathering score in heat stressed broiler chickens fed diets containing different levels of propolis

    Contributor(s):: Mahmoud, U. T., Abdel-Rahman, M. A. M., Darwish, M. H. A., Applegate, T. J., Cheng, H.

    This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary supplementation of green Brazilian propolis on behavioral patterns and feather condition of heat stressed broiler chickens. Five hundred and four (504) male Ross 708 broiler chicks at 15-day old were randomly allotted to six dietary...