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  1. Human Positioning in Close-Encounter Photographs and the Effect on Public Perceptions of Zoo Animals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Shaw, M. N., McLeod, E. M., Borrie, W. T., Miller, K. K.

    With the rising popularity of social media, conservation organisations and zoos need to understand its impact on public perceptions of the animals they house and their role in conservation. In addition, many zoos offer close-encounter experiences, and visitors frequently share images from these...

  2. The disruptive 'other'? Exploring human-animal relations in tourism through videography

    | Contributor(s):: Haanpaa, M., Salmela, T., Garcia-Rosell, J. C., Aijala, M.

  3. A survey of stereotypic behaviors in tourist camp elephants in Chiang Mai, Thailand

    | Contributor(s):: Fuktong, Sasitorn, Yuttasaen, Prapatsorn, Punyapornwithaya, Veerasak, Brown, Janine L., Thitaram, Chatchote, Luevitoonvechakij, Nicharee, Bansiddhi, Pakkanut

  4. Feeding Ecology of Wild Brown-Nosed Coatis and Garbage Exploration: A Study in Two Ecological Parks

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rodrigues, D. H., Calixto, E., Cesario, C. S., Repoles, R. B., de Paula Lopes, W., Oliveira, V. S., Brinati, A., Hemetrio, N. S., Silva, I. O., Boere, V.

    Wild animals that feed on garbage waste are a problem in ecological parks as it can substantially alter their food ecology. Wild coatis that occupy human recreation areas in parks are often observed feeding on garbage, but the ecological consequences are scarcely known. Forty-four fecal samples...

  5. Human–Wildlife Interactions with Different Species in a Brazilian Park: A Naturalistic Approach

    | Contributor(s):: Valença, Tatiane, Resende, Briseida, Savalli, Carine

  6. Animal-human two-shot images: Their out-of-context interpretation and the implications for zoo and conservation settings

    | Contributor(s):: Spooner, Sarah Louise, Stride, Jessica Rachael

  7. Your happiness or mine: Influence of affective states and level of contact on public perceptions of elephant tourism

    | Contributor(s):: Weston, M. E., Mills, K. E., von Keyserlingk, M. A. G.

  8. The animal welfare implications of civet coffee tourism in Bali

    | Contributor(s):: Carder, G., Proctor, H., Schmidt-Burbach, J., D'Cruze, N.

  9. A Protocol for the Ethical Assessment of Wild Animal–Visitor Interactions (AVIP) Evaluating Animal Welfare, Education, and Conservation Outcomes

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Barbara de Mori, Linda Ferrante, Daniela Florio, Elisabetta Macchi, Ilaria Pollastri, Simona Normando

    Due to the popularity of wild animal–visitor interactions (AVIs), there is a need for an ethical assessment of their impact on animal welfare, education, and conservation. The protocol presented in this study is designed to evaluate such interactions on an integrated level, using a...

  10. A Global Review of Animal–Visitor Interactions in Modern Zoos and Aquariums and Their Implications for Wild Animal Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Neil D’Cruze, Sophie Khan, Gemma Carder, David Megson, Emma Coulthard, John Norrey, Georgina Groves

    We provide an initial insight into the occurrence and characteristics of animal-visitor interactions (AVIs) involving captive wild animals within zoos and aquaria. Using information provided online via official public websites of modern zoos and aquaria, we found that AVIs were provided by the...

  11. Elephant Tourism in Thailand: A Review of Animal Welfare Practices and Needs

    | Contributor(s):: Bansiddhi, Pakkanut, Brown, Janine L., Thitaram, Chatchote, Punyapornwithaya, Veerasak, Nganvongpanit, Korakot

    Elephant tourism in Thailand has developed into an important socio-economic factor after a logging ban initiated in 1989 resulted in thousands of out-of-work elephants. However, the welfare of captive elephants has been a topic of intense debate among tourists, scientists and stakeholders because...

  12. Visitor Perceptions of Captive, Endangered Barbary Macaques (Macaca sylvanus) Used as Photo Props in Jemaa El Fna Square, Marrakech, Morocco

    | Contributor(s):: Stazaker, Kristina, Mackinnon, Jay

    Visitors to Jemaa El Fna Square can pay to have their photograph taken with Barbary macaques. Our aim was to characterize visitors’ perceptions of such photo props, enabling demand-reducing interventions to be targeted appropriately and destination managers to maintain or enhance the visitor...

  13. Do Birdwatchers Care about Bird Disturbance?

    | Contributor(s):: Weston, Michael A., Guay, Patrick-Jean, McLeod, Emily M., Miller, Kelly K.

    Little is known about how non-consumptive recreationists perceive their impacts on animals and how this relates to recreationist behavior. We surveyed attitudes and behaviors relating to bird disturbance of 179 birdwatchers who visited a world-renowned, restricted-access birdwatching destination...

  14. The effect of land based seal watching tourism on the haul-out behaviour of harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) in Iceland

    | Contributor(s):: Granquist, Sandra Magdalena, Sigurjonsdottir, Hrefna

    The effect of land-based seal watching on the haul-out pattern of harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) was investigated between June and August of 2008–2010 on Vatnsnes, NW Iceland. The results showed that the behaviour and spatial haul-out pattern of seals was affected by the tourists. In 2009 the...

  15. Association of antimicrobial resistance and gut microbiota composition in human and non-human primates at an urban ecotourism site

    | Contributor(s):: Chong, C. W., Alkatheeri, A. H. S., Ali, N., Tay, Z. H., Lee, Y. L., Paramasivam, S. J., Jeevaratnam, K., Low, W. Y., Lim, S. H. E.

  16. Variability and Change in Maasai Views of Wildlife and the Implications for Conservation

    | Contributor(s):: Western, David, Manzolillo Nightingale, D. L., Mose, Victor Nyaliki, Johnson, Ole Sipitiek, Kimiti, Kennedy S.

  17. The Impact of 'Selfie' Tourism on the Behaviour and Welfare of Brown-Throated Three-Toed Sloths

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carder, G., Plese, T., Machado, F. C., Paterson, S., Matthews, N., McAnea, L., D'Cruze, N.

  18. Wildlife tourism: Underwater behavioral responses of South American sea lions to swimmers

    | Contributor(s):: Dans, S. L., Crespo, E. A., Coscarella, M. A.

    The aim of the present study was to describe the type of interaction between swimmers and sea lions, during tourist trips, at a small colony in Northern Patagonia, Argentina. Particularly we explored if sea lions would show agonistic behaviors towards people, or behaviors that potentially poses a...

  19. A welfare assessment scoring system for working equids—A method for identifying at risk populations and for monitoring progress of welfare enhancement strategies (trialed in Egypt)

    | Contributor(s):: Ali, Ahmed B. A., El Sayed, Mohammed A., Matoock, Mohamed Y., Fouad, Manal A., Heleski, Camie R.

    There are an estimated 112 million horses, donkeys and mules (i.e., working equids) in developing regions of the world. Though their roles are often fundamental to the well-being of the families they work for, their welfare is often severely compromised due to the limited resources and/or...

  20. Short- and long-term changes in the intensity of responses of pinnipeds to tourist approaches in Cabo Polonio, Uruguay

    | Contributor(s):: Tuneu Corral, Carme, Szteren, Diana, Cassini, Marcelo H.

    Wildlife watching has become an Important constituent of commercial tourism, and opportunities to encounter wildlife have proliferated and diversified. After regular tourist visits to a wildlife population, the intensity of behavioural responses to tourist approaches is expected to change due to...