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  1. Single-Dose Pharmacokinetics and Preliminary Safety Assessment with Use of CBD-Rich Hemp Nutraceutical in Healthy Dogs and Cats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kelly A. Deabold, Wayne S. Schwark, Lisa Wolf, Joseph J. Wakshlag

    The use of CBD-rich hemp products is becoming popular among pet owners with no long-term safety data related to consumption in adult dogs and cats. The purpose of this study was to determine the single-dose oral pharmacokinetics of CBD, and to provide a preliminary assessment of safety and...

  2. Targeted grazing of milk thistle (Silybum marianum) and Syrian thistle (Notobasis syriaca) by goats: Preference following preconditioning, generational transfer, and toxicity

    | Contributor(s):: Arviv, A., Muklada, H., Kigel, J., Voet, H., Glasser, T., Dvash, L., Ungar, E. D., Landau, S. Y.

    Nitrophilic thistles such as milk thistle (Sylibum marianum) and Syrian thistle (Notobasis syriaca) encroach rangeland areas where animals gather and defecate, in particular around watering and feeding points. High densities of milk and Syrian thistles (MST) diminish forage yields and detract...

  3. Practical veterinary forensics

    | Contributor(s):: Bailey, D.

    The book serves as a reference for the reader to appreciate the current workload of a forensic vet and to provide an insight into the scale and complexity of the specialism that is veterinary forensics. Topics discussed are: introduction to veterinary forensics; forensic philosophy; law and...

  4. Factors influencing survival and productivity of pronghorn in a semiarid grass-woodland in east-central New Mexico

    | Contributor(s):: Bender, Louis C., Boren, Jon C., Halbritter, Heather, Cox, Shad

  5. Evaluation of a novel rodenticide: acute sub-lethal effects of a methaemoglobin-inducing agent

    | Contributor(s):: Quy, R. J., Gibson, T. J., Lambert, M. S., Eason, C. T., Gregory, N. G.

    In a series of experiments the welfare of para-aminovalerophenone (PAVP) sub-lethally poisoned rats ( Rattus norvegicus) was assessed. The experiments: (i) examined the acute methaemoglobin (MetHb) profile over time; (ii) refined the LD50 estimate for PAVP in adult female rats; (iii) developed...

  6. Evaluation of a novel rodenticide: welfare assessment of fatal methaemoglobinaemia in adult rats ( Rattus norvegicus)

    | Contributor(s):: Gibson, T. J., Quy, R. J., Eason, C. T., Gregory, N. G.

    This study assessed the welfare of rats ( Rattus norvegicus) poisoned with a lethal dose of the methaemoglobin (MetHb) inducing compound para-aminovalerophenone (PAVP). Twenty rats were orally gavaged with either PAVP (treated) or the vehicle only (control). Spontaneous and evoked behaviours were...

  7. Links among human health, animal health, and ecosystem health

    | Contributor(s):: Rabinowitz, P., Conti, L.

  8. The effects of dolphin interactions with children diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

    | Contributor(s):: Faye, Elissa

  9. Personal endotoxin exposure in a panel study of school children with asthma

    | Contributor(s):: Delfino, R. J., Staimer, N., Tjoa, T.

  10. Chronic toxicity of 1080 and its implications for conservation management: a New Zealand case study

    | Contributor(s):: Weaver, S. A.

    Sodium monofluoroacetate (1080) is a mammalian pesticide used in different parts of the world for the control of mammalian pest species. In New Zealand it is used extensively and very successfully as a conservation management tool for the control of brushtail possums (Trichosurus vulpecula) - an...

  11. LD50 test: critique and suggestions for alternatives

    | Contributor(s):: Rowan, A. N.

  12. The future of animals in research and training. The search for alternatives

    | Contributor(s):: Rowan, A. N.

  13. Amounts of pesticides reaching target pests: environmental impacts and ethics

    | Contributor(s):: Pimentel, D.

    An examination of published work on arthropod pests, pathogens and weeds of crops indicated that less than 0.1% of pesticides applied for pest control reach their target pests. Thus, more than 99.9% of pesticides used move into the environment where they adversely affect public health and...

  14. Dogs a sentinels of human risk from environmental origin: interest for saturnim prevention; first study conducted in the Alfort French Veterinary School

    | Contributor(s):: Enriquez, B., Hakou, G., Tabaries, A., Revol, B., Moal, J. le, Sasco, A., Benet, J. J.

    A study was carried out at the Alfort Veterinary School to apply the concept of sentinel animals to environmental toxicology, associated with pet epidemiology. The recruitment, with owners' consent, of adequate dogs (over 10 kg) in sufficient number, at the School's attending clinics has made it...

  15. Conditioned taste aversions: how sick must a ruminant get before it learns about toxicity in foods?

    | Contributor(s):: Toit, J. T. du, Provenza, F. D., Nastis, A.

    To determine if the food-avoidance learning abilities of large herbivores are as poorly developed as has previously been assumed, the relationship was investigated between the acquisition of a conditioned taste aversion (CTA) by sheep and the dose of gastrointestinal poison (LiCl) administered...

  16. Effects of trace metals on salmonid fish: the role of social hierarchies.

    | Contributor(s):: Sloman, K. A.

    Dominance hierarchies form among groups of salmonid fish as a result of competition over limited resources such as food and mates. These social structures occur both within natural salmonid populations and in aquaculture with associated implications for conservation and welfare. Competitive...

  17. Special issue: Fish Behaviour and Welfare.

    | Contributor(s):: Sneddon, L. U.

    This special issue contains topics on the welfare of fishes in the aquaculture and fishery industries, including aspects on behaviour, feeding, diseases, transgenesis and toxicology.

  18. Selective grazing behaviour in horses: development of methodology and preliminary use of tests to measure individual grazing ability

    | Contributor(s):: Marinier, S. L., Alexander, A. J.

    The selective grazing behaviour of 5 plant species measured by the "two-hand" method by 12 horses of various breeds 1.5 to 18 years old was investigated. Results were analysed in relation to 5 measures of choosing behaviour: the strength of the choice; correspondence between first bite and the...

  19. Development of a maze test and its application to assess spatial learning and memory in Merino sheep

    | Contributor(s):: Lee, C., Colegate, S., Fisher, A. D.

    A maze test was developed to assess spatial memory and learning in Merino sheep. Total time to traverse the maze and times spent in cul de sacs (errors) were used to assess performance. Both total time and errors decreased when the performance of sheep was assessed on three consecutive days,...

  20. Dietary monoterpene concentrations influence feeding patterns of lambs

    | Contributor(s):: Dziba, L. E., Provenza, F. D.

    Monoterpenes in plants can adversely affect herbivores. To minimize toxicity, herbivores may regulate their patterns of feeding to limit intake of monoterpenes. We determined if diets with four concentrations of monoterpenes (0