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Practical veterinary forensics
Contributor(s):: Bailey, D.
The book serves as a reference for the reader to appreciate the current workload of a forensic vet and to provide an insight into the scale and complexity of the specialism that is veterinary forensics. Topics discussed are: introduction to veterinary forensics; forensic philosophy; law and...
Factors influencing survival and productivity of pronghorn in a semiarid grass-woodland in east-central New Mexico
Contributor(s):: Bender, Louis C., Boren, Jon C., Halbritter, Heather, Cox, Shad
Evaluation of a novel rodenticide: acute sub-lethal effects of a methaemoglobin-inducing agent
Contributor(s):: Quy, R. J., Gibson, T. J., Lambert, M. S., Eason, C. T., Gregory, N. G.
In a series of experiments the welfare of para-aminovalerophenone (PAVP) sub-lethally poisoned rats ( Rattus norvegicus) was assessed. The experiments: (i) examined the acute methaemoglobin (MetHb) profile over time; (ii) refined the LD50 estimate for PAVP in adult female rats; (iii) developed...
Evaluation of a novel rodenticide: welfare assessment of fatal methaemoglobinaemia in adult rats ( Rattus norvegicus)
Contributor(s):: Gibson, T. J., Quy, R. J., Eason, C. T., Gregory, N. G.
This study assessed the welfare of rats ( Rattus norvegicus) poisoned with a lethal dose of the methaemoglobin (MetHb) inducing compound para-aminovalerophenone (PAVP). Twenty rats were orally gavaged with either PAVP (treated) or the vehicle only (control). Spontaneous and evoked behaviours were...
Critical care and survival of fragile animals: the case of Prrxl1 knockout mice
Contributor(s):: Monteiro, C., Dourado, M., Matos, M., Duarte, I., Lamas, S., Galhardo, V., Lima, D.
The generation of genetically modified animal models in which a given gene is permanently deleted or overexpressed, sometimes results in fragile phenotypes characterized by high morbidity and premature death. This undesired outcome creates important welfare difficulties and poses a huge...
Links among human health, animal health, and ecosystem health
Contributor(s):: Rabinowitz, P., Conti, L.
The effects of dolphin interactions with children diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Contributor(s):: Faye, Elissa
Personal endotoxin exposure in a panel study of school children with asthma
Contributor(s):: Delfino, R. J., Staimer, N., Tjoa, T.
Chronic toxicity of 1080 and its implications for conservation management: a New Zealand case study
Contributor(s):: Weaver, S. A.
Sodium monofluoroacetate (1080) is a mammalian pesticide used in different parts of the world for the control of mammalian pest species. In New Zealand it is used extensively and very successfully as a conservation management tool for the control of brushtail possums (Trichosurus vulpecula) - an...
LD50 test: critique and suggestions for alternatives
Contributor(s):: Rowan, A. N.
The future of animals in research and training. The search for alternatives
Amounts of pesticides reaching target pests: environmental impacts and ethics
Contributor(s):: Pimentel, D.
An examination of published work on arthropod pests, pathogens and weeds of crops indicated that less than 0.1% of pesticides applied for pest control reach their target pests. Thus, more than 99.9% of pesticides used move into the environment where they adversely affect public health and...
Dogs a sentinels of human risk from environmental origin: interest for saturnim prevention; first study conducted in the Alfort French Veterinary School
Contributor(s):: Enriquez, B., Hakou, G., Tabaries, A., Revol, B., Moal, J. le, Sasco, A., Benet, J. J.
A study was carried out at the Alfort Veterinary School to apply the concept of sentinel animals to environmental toxicology, associated with pet epidemiology. The recruitment, with owners' consent, of adequate dogs (over 10 kg) in sufficient number, at the School's attending clinics has made it...
Conditioned taste aversions: how sick must a ruminant get before it learns about toxicity in foods?
Contributor(s):: Toit, J. T. du, Provenza, F. D., Nastis, A.
To determine if the food-avoidance learning abilities of large herbivores are as poorly developed as has previously been assumed, the relationship was investigated between the acquisition of a conditioned taste aversion (CTA) by sheep and the dose of gastrointestinal poison (LiCl) administered...
Effects of trace metals on salmonid fish: the role of social hierarchies. (Special issue: Fish Behaviour and Welfare.)
Contributor(s):: Sloman, K. A.
Dominance hierarchies form among groups of salmonid fish as a result of competition over limited resources such as food and mates. These social structures occur both within natural salmonid populations and in aquaculture with associated implications for conservation and welfare. Competitive...
Special issue: Fish Behaviour and Welfare. (Special issue: Fish Behaviour and Welfare.)
Contributor(s):: Sneddon, L. U.
This special issue contains topics on the welfare of fishes in the aquaculture and fishery industries, including aspects on behaviour, feeding, diseases, transgenesis and toxicology.
Selective grazing behaviour in horses: development of methodology and preliminary use of tests to measure individual grazing ability
Contributor(s):: Marinier, S. L., Alexander, A. J.
The selective grazing behaviour of 5 plant species measured by the "two-hand" method by 12 horses of various breeds 1.5 to 18 years old was investigated. Results were analysed in relation to 5 measures of choosing behaviour: the strength of the choice; correspondence between first bite and the...
Development of a maze test and its application to assess spatial learning and memory in Merino sheep
Contributor(s):: Lee, C., Colegate, S., Fisher, A. D.
A maze test was developed to assess spatial memory and learning in Merino sheep. Total time to traverse the maze and times spent in cul de sacs (errors) were used to assess performance. Both total time and errors decreased when the performance of sheep was assessed on three consecutive days,...
Dietary monoterpene concentrations influence feeding patterns of lambs
Contributor(s):: Dziba, L. E., Provenza, F. D.
Monoterpenes in plants can adversely affect herbivores. To minimize toxicity, herbivores may regulate their patterns of feeding to limit intake of monoterpenes. We determined if diets with four concentrations of monoterpenes (0
Fox control using a para-aminopropiophenone formulation with the M-44 ejector
Contributor(s):: Marks, C. A., Gigliotti, F., Busana, F., Johnston, M., Lindeman, M.
The M-44 ejector ('ejector') has proven to be a highly target-specific means of delivering toxicants to the exotic European red fox (Vulpes vulpes) in south-eastern Australia. Para-aminopropiophenone (PAPP) is a potent methaemoglobin (MetHb) forming compound in canids. A formulation of PAPP,...