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  1. Outcomes of adjunctive radiation therapy for the treatment of mast cell tumors in dogs and assessment of toxicity: A multicenter observational study of 300 dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mason, S. L., Pittaway, C., Gil, B. P., Russak, O. M., Westlake, K., Berlato, D., Benoit, J., Morris, J., Dobson, J. M.

    BACKGROUND: Radiation therapy is commonly used as an adjunct to incomplete surgical excision in dogs with mast cell tumors (MCT), but the optimal dose and fractionation regimen have yet to be determined. HYPOTHESIS: We assessed outcomes (time to local recurrence, patient survival and toxicity)...

  2. A year following the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic: existing challenges and ways the food industry has been impacted

    | Contributor(s):: Vargas-Ramella, M., Lorenzo, J. M., Bohrer, B. M., Pateiro, M., Cantalapiedra, J. J., Franco, D.

  3. Campylobacter and Salmonella in scavenging indigenous chickens in rural central Tanzania: prevalence, antimicrobial resistance, and genomic features

    | Contributor(s):: Rukambile, E., Sintchenko, V., Muscatello, G., Wang, QinNing, Kiiru, J., Maulaga, W., Magidanga, B., Banda, G., Kock, R., Alders, R.

  4. Lead Poisoning in Bald Eagles Admitted to Wildlife Rehabilitation Facilities in Iowa, 2004–2014

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Taylor Yaw, Kay Neumann, Linette Bernard, Jodeane Cancilla, Terese Evans, Adam Martin-Schwarze, Bianca Zaffarano

    Eleven years (2004–2014) of bald eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus data from four independent, state and federally permitted wildlife rehabilitators in Iowa were assessed for the prevalence of elevated lead levels in blood or tissue samples. The relationship between blood lead...

  5. Does structural enrichment for toxicology studies improve zebrafish welfare?

    | Contributor(s):: Wilkes, Luanne, Owen, Stewart F., Readman, Gareth D., Sloman, Katherine A., Wilson, Rod W.

    Enrichment of the environment for captive animals is aimed at producing beneficial effects on the behaviour and physiology of relevant species, and is commonly used to reduce harmful social behaviours and stereotypies. However, little work has been undertaken to develop enrichment strategies for...

  6. Practical veterinary forensics

    | Contributor(s):: Bailey, D.

    The book serves as a reference for the reader to appreciate the current workload of a forensic vet and to provide an insight into the scale and complexity of the specialism that is veterinary forensics. Topics discussed are: introduction to veterinary forensics; forensic philosophy; law and...

  7. Household pets as monitors of lead exposure to humans

    | Contributor(s):: William B. Buck, Louise Marie Cote, Philippe Berny

    A study was conducted to determine the health effects of lead-contaminated soils in dogs, cats and children residing near a secondary lead smelter. The sample sizes were 84 dogs and 26 cats in 80 households with a total of 198 humans. Animals living outside, exposed to soit were more at risk...

  8. The protective association between pet ownership and depression among street-involved youth: a cross-sectional study

    | Contributor(s):: Lem, M., Coe, J. B., Haley, D. B., Stone, E., O'Grady, W.

    Street-involved youth represent a particularly vulnerable subsection of the homeless population and are at increased risk of health problems, substance abuse, and depression. Qualitative research has demonstrated that animal companions help homeless youth cope with loneliness, are motivators for...

  9. Evaluation of a novel rodenticide: acute sub-lethal effects of a methaemoglobin-inducing agent

    | Contributor(s):: Quy, R. J., Gibson, T. J., Lambert, M. S., Eason, C. T., Gregory, N. G.

    In a series of experiments the welfare of para-aminovalerophenone (PAVP) sub-lethally poisoned rats ( Rattus norvegicus) was assessed. The experiments: (i) examined the acute methaemoglobin (MetHb) profile over time; (ii) refined the LD50 estimate for PAVP in adult female rats; (iii) developed...

  10. Trends, Theories, and Treatments for Autism

    | Contributor(s):: Horowitz, Sala

  11. Conditioned taste aversion in the grey fox ( Pseudalopex griseus), in Southern Argentine Patagonia

    | Contributor(s):: Nielsen, S., Travaini, A., Vassallo, A. I., Procopio, D., Zapata, S. C.

    Attempts to control cougar ( Puma concolor) and culpeo fox ( Pseudalopex culpaeus) populations in Patagonia through poisoning, negatively affects grey foxes ( Pseudalopex griseus) and many other non-target species. It is therefore advisable to develop selective predator control methods. Among a...

  12. Risk assessment of genetically modified food and neoliberalism: an argument for democratizing the regulatory review protocol of the Food and Drug Administration

    | Contributor(s):: Meghani, Z.

    The primary responsibility of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is to protect public health by ensuring the safety of the food supply. To that end, it sometimes conducts risk assessments of novel food products, such as genetically modified (GM) food. The FDA describes its regulatory...

  13. Simple cannulation procedure for serial blood sampling through cutaneous ulnar vein in chickens

    | Contributor(s):: Bayer, D. M., Mohan, K., Jayakumar, K., Manafi, M., Pavithra, B. H.

    The objective of the study was to collect repeated, low-stress blood samples from the ulnar vein of chickens required for pharmacokinetic studies or hormonal assays. The study used 5 apparently healthy, unsexed, commercial broiler chickens about 6 weeks old and weighing 1.7-1.9 kg for serial...

  14. Salivary cortisol and behavior in therapy dogs during animal-assisted interventions: a pilot study

    | Contributor(s):: Glenk, L. M., Kothgassner, O. D., Stetina, B. U., Palme, R., Kepplinger, B., Baran, H.

    Animal-assisted interventions (AAIs) have been associated with positive effects on human psychological and physiological health. Although the perception of quality standards in AAIs is high, only few investigations have focused on potential welfare implications for therapy dogs linked to their...

  15. Center of Excellence in Livestock Diseases and Human Health Annual Report

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: College of Veterinary Medicine: University of Tennessee Knoxville

    The center was created in 1984 to promote interdisciplinary activities designed to improve the quality of human life through better animal health; expand livestock disease research capabilities in the College of Veterinary Medicine (UTCVM) and the Institute of Agriculture; identify and...

  16. Center of Excellence in Livestock Diseases and Human Health Annual Report

    | Contributor(s):: College of Veterinary Medicine: University of Tennessee Knoxville

    The center was created in 1984 to promote interdisciplinary activities designed to improve the quality of human life through better animal health; expand livestock disease research capabilities in the College of Veterinary Medicine (UTCVM) and the Institute of Agriculture; identify and...

  17. Center of Excellence in Livestock Diseases and Human Health Annual Report

    | Contributor(s):: College of Veterinary Medicine

    The center was created in 1984 to promote interdisciplinary activities designed to improve the quality of human life through better animal health; expand livestock disease research capabilities in the College of Veterinary Medicine (UTCVM) and the Institute of Agriculture; identify and...

  18. Cruelty towards domestic cats

    | Contributor(s):: Siqueira, A. de, Cassiano, F. C., Maioka, P. C.

  19. Electromagnetic induction of insensibility in animals: a review

    | Contributor(s):: Small, A., McLean, D., Owen, J. S., Ralph, J.

  20. Hormonal stress response of laboratory mice to conventional and minimally invasive bleeding techniques

    | Contributor(s):: Voigt, C. C., Klockner, P., Touma, C., Neuschl, C., Brockmann, G., Goritz, F., Palme, R., Thomsen, R.