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  1. Baseline Knowledge of Potential Pet Toxins among the US General Public

    Contributor(s):: Young, Natalie, Royal, Kenneth, Lovee, Bryan, Davidson, Gigi

    In 2014, the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty toAnimals Animal Poison Control Center fielded more than 167,000cases of potential nonhuman animal toxicosis. Concomitantly, thereremain limited free and reputable veterinary toxicology resourcesavailable for companion-animal (pet)...

  2. Sentinel Animals in a One Health Approach to Harmful Cyanobacterial and Algal Blooms

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lorraine C. Backer, Melissa Miller

    People, domestic animals, and wildlife are all exposed to numerous environmental threats, including harmful algal blooms (HABs). However, because animals exhibit wide variations in diet, land use and biology, they are often more frequently or heavily exposed to HAB toxins than are people...

  3. Oestrus odours from rats and mares: behavioural responses of sexually naive and experienced rats to natural odours and odorants

    | Contributor(s):: Nielsen, Birte L., Jerôme, Nathalie, Saint-Albin, Audrey, Ouali, Christian, Rochut, Sophie, Zins, Emilie-Laure, Briant, Christine, Guettier, Elodie, Reigner, Fabrice, Couty, Isabelle, Magistrini, Michèle, Rampin, Olivier

    Three experiments were conducted to investigate if sexual experience affects the behavioural response of male rats to natural oestrus odours and constituent odorants. In the first experiment, 16 male Brown Norway rats were exposed before and after sexual training to four odours (1-hexanol (herb...

  4. The National Wildlife Control Training Program: an evolution in wildlife damage management education for industry professionals

    | Contributor(s):: Curtis, Paul D., Smith, Raj, Hygnstrom, Scott

  5. Of mice and men: European precautionary standards challenged by uncertainty

    | Contributor(s):: Roussary, A., Bouet, B., Salles, D.

    For several years, the official European method for deciding whether or not shellfish were fit for human consumption was the mouse bioassay, which was eventually replaced by chemical testing. In this paper, we examine the process of this change, looking at how devices of social, technical, and...

  6. Synanthropic primates in Asia : potential sentinels for environmental toxins

    | Contributor(s):: Engel, Gregory

  7. Early life exposures to home dampness, pet ownership and farm animal contact and neuropsychological development in 4 year old children: a prospective birth cohort study

    | Contributor(s):: Casas, L., Torrent, M., Zock, J. P., Doekes, G., Forns, J., Guxens, M., Taubel, M., Heinrich, J., Sunyer, J.

  8. Search and rescue: nutritional considerations for dogs with missions from drugs to disaster

    | Contributor(s):: Newman, M.

  9. Plastic visual barriers were ineffective at reducing recolonization rates of prarie dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Scott E. Hygnstrom

    Two plastic visual barriers were ineffective in controlling expansion of 7 active black-tailed prairie dog (Cynomys ludovicianus) colonies and recolonization of 7 toxicant-treated sections of colonies. Barriers constructed with Sno-Strap, a 15.2- cm wide band of high-tensile polyethylene plastic,...

  10. Pindone for rabbit control: efficacy, residues and cost

    | Contributor(s):: Peter C. Nelson, Graham J. Hickling

    Toxins are a major component of rabbit control campaigns in New Zealand, with sodium monofluoroacetate (1080) being the primary toxin in use since the 1950s. However, landowners can use 1080 only under the direct supervision of a licensed operator, and rabbit populations in regularly-poisoned...

  11. Efficacy of aerial broadcast baiting in reducing brown treesnake numbers

    | Contributor(s):: Clark, L., Savarie, P. J.

  12. Minimising number killed in long-term vertebrate pest management programmes, and associated economic incentives

    | Contributor(s):: Warburton, B., Tompkins, D. M., Choquenot, D., Cowan, P.

  13. Scientific registers and knowledge adduced in Philumenus' About Venomous Beasts

    | Contributor(s):: Zucker, Arnaud

  14. Snakes as a source of health: the use of their body in Graeco-Roman medical practices

    | Contributor(s):: Gaillard-Seux, Patricia

  15. Cockatiels ( Nymphicus hollandicus ) reject very low levels of plant secondary compounds

    | Contributor(s):: Matson, K. D., Millam, J. R., Klasing, K. C.

    The rejection thresholds of caged cockatiels (Nymphicus hollandicus) were tested to determine their sensitivity to plant secondary compounds. Both alkaloids and tannins were tested using a two-bottle method in which purified water was always available in one bottle and an aqueous test solution...

  16. Discriminating among novel foods: effects of energy provision on preferences of lambs for poor-quality foods

    | Contributor(s):: Villalba, J. J., Provenza, F. D.

    A study was conducted to better understand how lambs discriminate among novel foods based on flavour and post-ingestive effects. The manner in which temporal sequence of food ingestion and post-ingestive feedback affected preference when lambs were fed flavoured wheat straw (a poorly nutritious...

  17. Feeding behaviour of sheep on shrubs in response to contrasting herbaceous cover in rangelands dominated by Cytisus scoparius L

    | Contributor(s):: Pontes, L. da S., Agreil, C., Magda, D., Gleizes, B., Fritz, H.

    The foraging responses of ewes faced with a diversity of feed items and their effects on broom (Cytisus scoparius L.) consumption were examined. The experiment was conducted on a farm in the autumn with ewes (n=33) grazing three small paddocks (0.44 ha on average, for at least 10 days each)...

  18. Pregnancy in goats does not influence intake of novel or familiar foods with or without toxins

    | Contributor(s):: Knubel, B. F. R., Panter, K. E., Provenza, F. D.

    Some hypothesize that mammals decrease intake of foods that contain toxins during pregnancy to protect the fetus. We conducted a longitudinal study of feeding behavior to determine if pregnancy-related changes in food selection and intake occurred in goats. Goats eat modest amounts of toxic...

  19. Conditioned aversion in sheep induced by Baccharis coridifolia

    | Contributor(s):: Almeida, M. B. de, Schild, A. L., Brasil, N. D. A., Quevedo, P. de S., Fiss, L., Pfister, J. A., Riet-Correa, F.

    In Southern Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina, and Paraguay, the invasive weed Baccharis coridifolia often poisons naive animals. Farmers prevent B. coridifolia poisoning using several unconventional methods to reduce ingestion: (1) burning plant material under an animals' nose, and having the animal...

  20. Effects of origin, experiences early in life, and genetics on bitterweed Hymenoxys odorata consumption by sheep

    | Contributor(s):: Frost, R. A., Scott, C. B., Walker, J. W., Hartmann, F. S.

    Bitterweed is one of the most detrimental poisonous plants to sheep production in west central Texas. Sheep typically avoid the plant unless alternative forage is limited. When consumption does occur, some flocks and individuals are able to consume bitterweed and avoid toxicosis. Our objective...