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  1. Rein Tension in Transitions and Halts during Equestrian Dressage Training

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Agneta Egenvall, Hilary M. Clayton, Marie Eisersiö, Lars Roepstorff, Anna Byström

    In dressage, the performance of transitions between gaits and halts is an integral part of riding sessions. The study aimed to evaluate rein tension before, during and after the transitions between different gaits and the transitions into halts. The kinematic (inertial measurement units) data...

  2. Pawsitive Teams

    Full-text: Available

    Pawsitive Teams was founded in 1997 with a desire to be a volunteer-inspired and volunteer-run organization designed to promote the use of well-trained dogs to improve the lives of San Diegans. Our volunteer service dog trainers spend two years with their canine charges prior to placement with...

  3. Dominance and Leadership: Useful Concepts in Human–Horse Interactions?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Elke Hartmann, Janne W. Christensen, Paul D. McGreevy

    Dominance hierarchies in horses primarily influence priority access to limited resources of any kind, resulting in predictable contest outcomes that potentially minimize aggressive encounters and associated risk of injury. Levels of aggression in group-kept horses under domestic conditions have...

  4. Effects of pre-conditioning on behavior and physiology of horses during a standardised learning task

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kate Fenner, Holly Webb, Melissa J. Starling, Rafael Freire, Petra Buckley, Paul D. McGreevy

    Rein tension is used to apply pressure to control both ridden and unridden horses. The pressure is delivered by equipment such as the bit, which may restrict voluntary movement and cause changes in behavior and physiology. Managing the effects of such pressure on arousal level and behavioral...

  5. Strepsirrhine Primate Training Programs in North American Institutions: Status and Implications for Future Welfare Assessment

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Fernández-Lázaro, G., Dye, M. H., Eddie, C., Ferrie, G. M.

    Many articles have shown the benefits of operant conditioning training techniques in the care and welfare of several species of nonhuman primates; however, the information regarding their use in strepsirrhine species is scarce. We assessed the development and current status of training programs...

  6. Factors influencing owner-reported approaches to training dogs enrolled in the Generation Pup longitudinal study

    | Contributor(s):: Woodward, Joshua L., Casey, Rachel A., Lord, Michelle S., Kinsman, Rachel H., Da Costa, Rosa E. P., Knowles, Toby G., Tasker, Séverine, Murray, Jane K.

  7. The utility of voluntary weighing in captive group-living rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta)

    | Contributor(s):: Zijlmans, D. G. M., Vernes, M. K., Sterck, E. H. M., Langermans, J. A. M.

  8. Olfactory Generalization in Detector Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ariella Y. Moser, Lewis Bizo, Wendy Y. Brown

    Generalizing to target odor variations while retaining specificity against non-targets is crucial to the success of detector dogs under working conditions. As such, the importance of generalization should be considered in the formulation of effective training strategies. Research investigating...

  9. Diary of A Service Dog (Dropout)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kristen An Horton, Heidi Anne Horton Pittman

    My name is Granger. I am a Labrador Retriever. I want to be a service dog. It is not always easy. This is my story. (Human's note: The most important take away is that the public, children and adults, need to learn how to not interact with service dogs. As Granger says, “I’m...

  10. The Blood and Muscle Expression Pattern of the Equine TCAP Gene during the Race Track Training of Arabian Horses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Monika Stefaniuk-Szmukier, Tomasz Szmatoła, Joanna Łatka, Bogusława Długosz, Katarzyna Ropka-Molik

    Horse musculature has been shaped through evolution by environmental and human factors, which has resulted in several extraordinary adaptations to physical effort. Skeletal muscle plasticity results from the response to mechanical stimulation causing hypertrophy, where sarcomeres increase the...

  11. Effects of Animal-Assisted Therapy on Gait Performance, Respiratory Function, and Psychological Variables in Patients Post-Stroke

    | Contributor(s):: An, H. J., Park, S. J.

  12. Orangutans' Comprehension of Zoo Keepers' Communicative Signals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Guillaume Dezecache, Aude Bourgeois, Christophe Bazin, Philippe Schlenker, Emmanuel Chemla, Audrey Maille

    Zoological institutions often encourage cooperative interactions between keepers and animals so as to promote animals’ welfare. One useful technique has been conditioning training, whereby animals learn to respond to keepers’ requests, which facilitates a number of, otherwise...

  13. Voluntary Rein Tension in Horses When Moving Unridden in a Dressage Frame Compared with Ridden Tests of the Same Horses—A Pilot Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lara Piccolo, Kathrin Kienapfel

    Too much rein tension while riding may compromise the welfare of the horse. But who generates the tension on the reins—the horse or the rider? The primary aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the maximum rein tension that horses voluntarily maintain without a rider compared to rein...

  14. Biomedical Scent Detection Dogs: Would They Pass as a Health Technology?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mirkka Koivusalo, Catherine Reeve

    Biomedical scent detection dogs identify the scent profiles of diseases, such as cancer, diabetes or pathogenic micro-organisms.  What the field of biomedical scent detection has been lacking, however, is the assessment of the method from the point of view of a health technology. All...

  15. Humanimal Bond

    Full-text: Available

  16. Test-retest reliability and predictive validity of a juvenile guide dog behavior test

    | Contributor(s):: Harvey, N. D., Craigon, P. J., Sommerville, R., McMillan, C., Green, M., England, G. C. W., Asher, L.

    The ability to measure stable and consistent behavioral traits in dogs would facilitate selection and assessment of working dogs, such as guide dogs. Ideally, these measures should predict suitability for the working role from a young age. This study assessed test-retest reliability of a juvenile...

  17. Aspects of juvenile and adolescent environment predict aggression and fear in 12-month-old guide dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Serpell, J. A., Duffy, D. L.

    Maturational changes in behavior, and the possible influence of the puppy-raising environment on behavioral development, were investigated in a total sample of 978 prospective guide dogs belonging to four different breeds/crosses. All dogs belonged to the same guide dog organization, and had...

  18. Gymnastic Training of Hippotherapy Horses Benefits Gait Quality When Ridden by Riders with Different Body Weights

    | Contributor(s):: de Oliveira, K., Clayton, H. M., Dos Santos Harada, É

  19. Old Dogs Can Learn New Tricks: Using the Academic Classroom to Improve the Adoption Outcomes of 10 Shelter Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Flaisher-Grinberg, Shlomit

  20. Environmental influences on development of executive functions in dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Foraita, Maike, Howell, Tiffani, Bennett, Pauleen