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  1. Training methods for introducing cows to a pasture-based automatic milking system

    Contributor(s):: Jago, J., Kerrisk, K.

    Training cows to use an automatic milking system (AMS) is an important process as this method of milking depends on cows voluntarily using the AMS. This study examined two levels of training before calving on the behaviour of cows and heifers in an extensive pasture-based AMS. Animals received...

  2. Training methods and owner–dog interactions: Links with dog behaviour and learning ability

    Contributor(s):: Rooney, Nicola Jane, Cowan, Sarah

    The methods by which owners train their pet dogs range widely, with some exclusively using rewards, and others using a combination, or only punishment-based methods. This paper examines links between the way in which owners reported to have trained their dogs and observations of the dogs’...

  3. Obedience training effects on search dog performance

    Contributor(s):: Alexander, Michael Ben, Friend, Ted, Haug, Lore

    Competent search dogs should be accurate, reliable, and work independently, yet be responsive to handler commands. The aim of this study was to identify training factors that contribute to producing competent search dogs. Demographics, obedience training methods, the age training was initiated,...

  4. The effects of social training and other factors on adoption success of shelter dogs

    Contributor(s):: Protopopova, Alexandra, Gilmour, Amanda Joy, Weiss, Rebecca Hannah, Shen, Jacqueline Yontsye, Wynne, Clive David Lawrence

    The aim of the present study was to increase adoption rates of dogs housed in shelters. Previous research suggests that the public perceives friendly and sociable dogs as more adoptable. The present study hypothesized that dogs trained to gaze into potential adopters’ eyes would be perceived as...

  5. Do dogs rescue their owners from a stressful situation? A behavioral and physiological assessment

    Contributor(s):: Carballo, F., Dzik, V., Freidin, E., Damian, J. P., Casanave, E. B., Bentosela, M.

  6. Training the guide dog: An untapped opportunity for the behavior analyst

    Contributor(s):: Funk, Janie A., Williams, W. Larry

  7. Military Veterans and Their PTSD Service Dogs: Associations Between Training Methods, PTSD Severity, Dog Behavior, and the Human-Animal Bond

    Contributor(s):: LaFollette, M. R., Rodriguez, K. E., Ogata, N., O'Haire, M. E.

  8. Effect of a short-term training on intake of Halocnemum strobilaceum forage by sheep

    Contributor(s):: Sadeghi, Mohammad-Hadi, Sari, Mohsen, abadi, Tahereh Mohammad, Rezai, Morteza

    Halocnemum strobilaceum (Chenopodiaceae) is a halophyte plant that can produce relatively high consumable biomass during drought and it is important for sustaining grazing animals when other plants are rare. Previous studies indicate that sheep may avoid the plant due to its novelty or neophobia....

  9. A protocol for training group-housed rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) to cooperate with husbandry and research procedures using positive reinforcement

    Contributor(s):: Kemp, Caralyn, Thatcher, Harriet, Farningham, David, Witham, Claire, MacLarnon, Ann, Holmes, Amanda, Semple, Stuart, Bethell, Emily J.

    There has been increased recognition of the 3Rs in laboratory animal management over the last decade, including improvements in animal handling and housing. For example, positive reinforcement is now more widely used to encourage primates to cooperate with husbandry procedures, and improved...

  10. Do aversive-based training methods actually compromise dog welfare?: A literature review

    Contributor(s):: Guilherme Fernandes, Joana, Olsson, I. Anna S., Vieira de Castro, Ana Catarina

    The methods by which dogs are trained vary between methods involving mainly negative reinforcement and positive punishment (aversive-based methods) and methods based essentially in positive reinforcement and negative punishment (reward-based methods). However, the use of aversive-based methods is...

  11. Rider impacts on equitation

    Contributor(s):: Williams, Jane, Tabor, Gillian

    Equestrianism is popular worldwide, with millions of horses and riders participating in competitive horse sports and non-competitive leisure riding. Riders have a duty of care or responsibility for their horses and should aim to optimise their health and welfare. Despite this, limited research...

  12. Application of learning theory in horse rescues in England and Wales

    Contributor(s):: Preshaw, Liane, Kirton, Roxane, Randle, Hayley

    In England and Wales the welfare of animals, including horses, is protected by the Animal Welfare Act 2006. Welfare agencies play a role in the investigation of equine welfare concerns and catching, containing, transporting and boarding (caring for) horses that have been rescued. Horses regularly...

  13. Training success in group-housed long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis) is better explained by personality than by social rank

    Contributor(s):: Wergård, Eva-Marie, Westlund, Karolina, Spångberg, Mats, Fredlund, Helene, Forkman, Björn

    Using training to prepare laboratory animals for biomedical research is one important behavior management task. With increased knowledge about factors influencing training success, training programs may be optimized, resulting in a refinement of primate husbandry. Even when animals are trained...

  14. The effect of reward-handler dissociation on dogs’ obedience performance in different conditions

    Contributor(s):: Gerencsér, Linda, Kosztolányi, András, Delanoeije, Joni, Miklósi, Ádám

    Dogs’ responsiveness to instructions of the handler is known to be influenced by several factors. In this study we examined whether reward-handler dissociation has an effect on the obedience performance of family dogs with basic training history. We looked at situations involving human–dog...

  15. Carrier training cats reduces stress on transport to a veterinary practice

    Contributor(s):: Pratsch, Lydia, Mohr, Natalia, Palme, Rupert, Rost, Jennifer, Troxler, Josef, Arhant, Christine

    Transport to and visiting a veterinary practice frequently is stressful for cats and their owners. Handling a fearful cat can be a challenge for the veterinary team and stress can influence physiological parameters. This study investigated whether carrier training reduced stress during a 10 min...

  16. The role of individual behavioral distinctiveness in exploratory and anti-predatory behaviors of red-browed Amazon parrot (Amazona rhodocorytha) during pre-release training

    Contributor(s):: Paulino, Rafael, Nogueira-Filho, Sérgio Luiz Gama, Nogueira, Selene Siqueira da Cunha

    Differences in the temperament of individuals may influence how animals cope with environmental challenges and must be considered in a pre-release training program. In this study we aimed to evaluate individual distinctiveness in the expression of exploratory and anti-predatory behaviors of...

  17. Rearing captive eastern hellbenders (Cryptobranchus a. alleganiensis) with moving water improves swim performance

    Contributor(s):: Kenison, Erin K., Williams, Rod N.

    Translocations often use captive-reared animals to help bolster or re-establish wild populations. However, captive environments are highly dissimilar from wild conditions and may deprive animals of experiences that promote normal development. Captive-rearing and translocation efforts are underway...

  18. Study into long-term memory of a complex learning task in Shetland ponies (Equus caballus)

    Contributor(s):: Gabor, Vivian, Gerken, Martina

    Three Shetland ponies were tested in memorizing a quantity discrimination task with a computer based learning device. One year before, they had learned to relate a quantity of geometric symbols to another on a computer flat screen presented in a matching to sample design. All three of the ponies...

  19. Comparing trainers' reports of clicker use to the use of clickers in applied research studies: methodological differences may explain conflicting results

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lynna C Feng, Tiffani J Howell, Pauleen C Bennett

    Clicker training refers to an animal training technique, derived from laboratory-based studies of animal learning and behaviour, in which a reward-predicting signal is delivered immediately following performance of a desired behaviour, and is subsequently followed by a reward. While clicker...

  20. Anxiety Symptoms and Sleep Disturbance in Veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: The Impact of Receiving and Training a Service Dog

    | Contributor(s):: Scotland-Coogan, Diane