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  1. Development of Desirable Behaviors in Dog-Assisted Interventions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Acebes, F., Pellitero, J. L., Muñiz-Diez, C., Loy, I.

    Dog-assisted interventions (DAI) are those that include specially trained dogs in human health services. Often, the training methods employed to train animals for DAI are transmitted between trainers, so the latest scientific research on dog learning and cognition is not always taken into...

  2. Empathy and perception of animal welfare among Mexican students of professions related to the use, management and care of animalsEmpatia y percepcion del bienestar animal entre estudiantes mexicanos de profesiones relacionadas al uso, manejo y cuidad

    | Contributor(s):: Torres Cardona, M. G., Sanchez Mendez, A. I., Almaraz Buendia, I., Peralta Ortiz, J. J. G., Meza Nieto, M., Alejos de la Fuente, J. I.

  3. Give the dog a big bone: Magnitude but not delivery method of food impacts preference and reinforcer efficacy in dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Feuerbacher, Erica N., Stone, Chelsea, Friedel, Jonathan E.

  4. Using Principles from Applied Behaviour Analysis to Address an Undesired Behaviour: Functional Analysis and Treatment of Jumping Up in Companion Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nicole Pfaller-Sadovsky, Gareth Arnott, Camilo Hurtado-Parrado

    The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of procedures successfully used in human related applied behaviour analysis practices to the field of clinical animal behaviour. Experiment 1 involved functional analyses to identify the reinforcement contingencies...

  5. New insights into ridden horse behaviour, horse welfare and horse-related safety

    | Contributor(s):: Luke, Karen L., McAdie, Tina, Smith, Bradley P., Warren-Smith, Amanda K.

  6. The Effects of Reward-Based Training on the Behavioral Assessment of the Domestic Dog

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Shelby Vandergraff

    Contrary to popular belief, pet overpopulation is caused more by owners failing to keep their dog than with accidental or intentional breeding (Moulton et al., 1991). Factors related to relinquishment have been researched, and concluded that behavioral problems are the most reoccurring reasons...

  7. A Comparison of Chimpanzee (Pan Troglodytes) Responses to Caregiver Use of Positive Reinforcement Training (PRT) and Species-Specific Behaviors (SSB)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Whitney D. Emge

    The present study compared the effects of positive reinforcement training (PRT) and unstructured interactions (UI) on chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) behavior. In the PRT condition, a caregiver interacted with a chimpanzee to condition behaviors for 10 min. In the UI condition, a caregiver...

  8. Rein Tension in Transitions and Halts during Equestrian Dressage Training

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Agneta Egenvall, Hilary M. Clayton, Marie Eisersiö, Lars Roepstorff, Anna Byström

    In dressage, the performance of transitions between gaits and halts is an integral part of riding sessions. The study aimed to evaluate rein tension before, during and after the transitions between different gaits and the transitions into halts. The kinematic (inertial measurement units) data...

  9. Pawsitive Teams

    Full-text: Available

    Pawsitive Teams was founded in 1997 with a desire to be a volunteer-inspired and volunteer-run organization designed to promote the use of well-trained dogs to improve the lives of San Diegans. Our volunteer service dog trainers spend two years with their canine charges prior to placement with...

  10. Dominance and Leadership: Useful Concepts in Human–Horse Interactions?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Elke Hartmann, Janne W. Christensen, Paul D. McGreevy

    Dominance hierarchies in horses primarily influence priority access to limited resources of any kind, resulting in predictable contest outcomes that potentially minimize aggressive encounters and associated risk of injury. Levels of aggression in group-kept horses under domestic conditions have...

  11. Effects of pre-conditioning on behavior and physiology of horses during a standardised learning task

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kate Fenner, Holly Webb, Melissa J. Starling, Rafael Freire, Petra Buckley, Paul D. McGreevy

    Rein tension is used to apply pressure to control both ridden and unridden horses. The pressure is delivered by equipment such as the bit, which may restrict voluntary movement and cause changes in behavior and physiology. Managing the effects of such pressure on arousal level and behavioral...

  12. Strepsirrhine Primate Training Programs in North American Institutions: Status and Implications for Future Welfare Assessment

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Fernández-Lázaro, G., Dye, M. H., Eddie, C., Ferrie, G. M.

    Many articles have shown the benefits of operant conditioning training techniques in the care and welfare of several species of nonhuman primates; however, the information regarding their use in strepsirrhine species is scarce. We assessed the development and current status of training programs...

  13. Factors influencing owner-reported approaches to training dogs enrolled in the Generation Pup longitudinal study

    | Contributor(s):: Woodward, Joshua L., Casey, Rachel A., Lord, Michelle S., Kinsman, Rachel H., Da Costa, Rosa E. P., Knowles, Toby G., Tasker, Séverine, Murray, Jane K.

  14. The utility of voluntary weighing in captive group-living rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta)

    | Contributor(s):: Zijlmans, D. G. M., Vernes, M. K., Sterck, E. H. M., Langermans, J. A. M.

  15. Gender and job characteristics of slaughter industry personnel influence their attitudes to animal welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Wigham, E. E., Grist, A., Mullan, S., Wotton, S., Butterworth, A.

  16. Olfactory Generalization in Detector Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ariella Y. Moser, Lewis Bizo, Wendy Y. Brown

    Generalizing to target odor variations while retaining specificity against non-targets is crucial to the success of detector dogs under working conditions. As such, the importance of generalization should be considered in the formulation of effective training strategies. Research investigating...

  17. Diary of A Service Dog (Dropout)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kristen An Horton, Heidi Anne Horton Pittman

    My name is Granger. I am a Labrador Retriever. I want to be a service dog. It is not always easy. This is my story. (Human's note: The most important take away is that the public, children and adults, need to learn how to not interact with service dogs. As Granger says, “I’m...

  18. The Blood and Muscle Expression Pattern of the Equine TCAP Gene during the Race Track Training of Arabian Horses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Monika Stefaniuk-Szmukier, Tomasz Szmatoła, Joanna Łatka, Bogusława Długosz, Katarzyna Ropka-Molik

    Horse musculature has been shaped through evolution by environmental and human factors, which has resulted in several extraordinary adaptations to physical effort. Skeletal muscle plasticity results from the response to mechanical stimulation causing hypertrophy, where sarcomeres increase the...

  19. Effects of Animal-Assisted Therapy on Gait Performance, Respiratory Function, and Psychological Variables in Patients Post-Stroke

    | Contributor(s):: An, H. J., Park, S. J.

  20. Orangutans' Comprehension of Zoo Keepers' Communicative Signals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Guillaume Dezecache, Aude Bourgeois, Christophe Bazin, Philippe Schlenker, Emmanuel Chemla, Audrey Maille

    Zoological institutions often encourage cooperative interactions between keepers and animals so as to promote animals’ welfare. One useful technique has been conditioning training, whereby animals learn to respond to keepers’ requests, which facilitates a number of, otherwise...