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  1. Human-Animal Interaction and the Emergence of SARS-CoV-2

    Contributor(s):: Hassani, A., Khan, G.

  2. Relationship of human and animal tuberculosis in the interface areas of the National parks of the Kafue Basin in Zambia

    Contributor(s):: Musso Munyeme

    Tuberculosis is a disease of worldwide public health and economic importance. In Zambia the disease has been consistently reported in the Kafue Basin without a clear understanding of transmission dynamics in the livestock-wildlife interface. The main objective of this study was to determine the...

  3. Attenuation of fear through social transmission in groups of same and differently aged horses

    Contributor(s):: Rørvang, Maria Vilain, Christensen, Janne Winther

    Transmission of fear and attenuation of fear within groups of farm animals remain relatively unexplored, despite the importance for human and animal safety. This paper reports the results of two separate experiments, aiming to explore social transmission of habituation in horses at group level....

  4. Social Learning in Horses—Fact or Fiction?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Maria V. Rørvang, Janne W. Christensen, Jan Ladewig, Andrew McLean

    Prima facie, the acquisition of novel behaviors in animals through observation of conspecifics seems straightforward. There are, however, various mechanisms through which the behavior of animals can be altered from observing others. These mechanisms range from simple hard-wired contagious...

  5. GI Zoonoses in Companion Pets of the Homeless : the Effects of Environment and Behavior on the Prevalence of GI Parasites, and the Role of Veterinarians in Public Health Education

    | Contributor(s):: Matthew Edwards, Luis Ruedas (adviser)

    Veterinarians are the front-line in the world of pet-health and zoonoses which means they are also at the front-line of human health and have an important role of educating clients on behaviors that would both reduce the risk of human and pet contracting a disease. In this study we collected 85...

  6. Lick of death: Capnocytophaga canimorsus is an important cause of sepsis in the elderly

    | Contributor(s):: Wilson, J. P., Kafetz, K., Fink, D.

  7. Zoonotic transmission of Campylobacter jejuni and Atypical Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (aEPEC) in peri-urban Quito, Ecuador

    | Contributor(s):: Karla Vasco, Gabriel Trueba

    Los patógenos zoonóticos son comunes en países de medianos y bajos recursos como el Ecuador. En el presente estudio se investigó la presencia de varios enteropatógenos zoonóticos en 267 muestras de heces de niños y animales domésticos de 62...

  8. A systematic review of zoonoses transmission and livestock/wildlife interactions: Preliminary findings

    | Contributor(s):: Delia Grace, R. Kock, J. Rushton, F. Mutua, J.J. McDermott, D.U. Pfeiffer, B. Jones

    Around 60% of all human pathogens are zoonoses and domestic animals and wildlife are of equal importance as reservoir hosts. Moreover, most emerging infectious diseases are zoonoses and most emerge from wildlife. There have been several recent initiatives to categorize zoonoses and their...

  9. Sero-epidemiological and haematological studies on toxoplasmosis in cats,dogs and their owners in Lahore, Pakistan

    | Contributor(s):: Azeem Shahzad, Muhammad Sarwar Khan, Kamran Ashraf, Muhammad Avais, Khalid Pervez, Jawaria Ali Khan

    The current study was conducted to find out the epidemiological status of toxoplasmosis in cats, dogs and human population in Lahore city of Pakistan and to determine the possibility of transmission of toxoplasmosis from cats and dogs to their owners. Overall 56% cats were seropositive for...

  10. An Investigation of the Relationship of Wound Infection and Exposure to Household Pets: A Pilot Study

    | Contributor(s):: Rhodora Neu

    Statement of Problem  In most industrialized countries, pets are becoming a big part in households engaging and sharing human lifestyles. In fact, it is estimated that 14%-62% of pet owners allow their dogs and cats on their beds. However, pets can also carry and transmit pathogens to people...

  11. Warm-Blooded Animal Bites

    | Contributor(s):: R.a. Dieter Jr., Robert S. Dieter, R.a. Dieter Iii, D.L. Dieter

    Background: Domestic animals are the major cause of warm-blooded  animal bites around the world. The dog, the cat and human bites are the  most common animal bites creating major medical and health care  concerns requiring medical treatment. Transmitted zoonotic diseases...

  12. Knowledge and attitude towards zoonoses among animal health workers and livestock keepers in Arusha and Tanga, Tanzania

    | Contributor(s):: Emanuel S. Swai, Luuk Schoonman, Chris Daborn

    Zoonoses are infections naturally transmitted between vertebrate animals and humans. An exploratory questionnaire-based survey of animal health workers(n=36) and livestock keepers(n=43)was carried out from April 2001 to March 2002 in Tanga and Arusha regions, northern Tanzania, to assess local...

  13. A review of cat behavior in relation to disease risk and management options

    | Contributor(s):: Lepczyk, C. A., Lohr, C. A., Duffy, D. C.

    Domestic cats ( Felis catus) are a common household pet and also a notorious invasive species around the world. Because cat numbers have been increasing in many locations it is critical to work on management solutions that help to reduce threats posed by cats. With regard to cat behavior, one of...

  14. A trained demonstrator has a calming effect on naive horses when crossing a novel surface

    | Contributor(s):: Rorvang, M. V., Ahrendt, L. P., Christensen, J. W.

    Habituated horses have been found to have a calming effect on conspecifics in fear-eliciting situations. In practice, experienced horses are often used as companions when young horses are introduced to potentially frightening situations, like loading onto a trailer. However, studies of social...

  15. The avoidance of farmyards by European badgers Meles meles in a medium density population

    | Contributor(s):: Mullen, E. M., MacWhite, T., Maher, P. K., Kelly, D. J., Marples, N. M., Good, M.

    Mycobacterium bovis (TB) in cattle is a disease with far-reaching economic effects throughout Europe but especially in Great Britain and Ireland. Wildlife reservoirs, in particular the European badger Meles meles, continue to play an important role in the transmission of the disease, although the...

  16. Stereotypic mice are aggressed by their cage-mates, and tend to be poor demonstrators in social learning tasks

    | Contributor(s):: Harper, L., Choleris, E., Ervin, K., Fureix, C., Reynolds, K., Walker, M., Mason, G.

    Stereotypic behaviours (SBs) are linked with behavioural inflexibility and resemble symptoms of autism, suggesting that stereotypic animals could have autistic-like social impairments. SBs are also common in caged mice. We therefore hypothesised relationships between stereotypic and social...

  17. Salmonella in pets: the risk to children

    | Contributor(s):: Finlay, F., Furnell, C., Ridley, P.

  18. Observations on the mechanism of the transmission of plague by fleas.

    | Contributor(s):: Arthur William Bacot, Sir Charles James Martin

    THE literature on the transmission of plague by fleas was reviewed in 1905 in the first series of Reports on Plague Investigation in India (Journal of Hygiene, Vol. VI. p. 422), and it is only necessary to epitomise briefly the main facts here. The conclusion, that this insect...

  19. Best practices for planning events encouraging human-animal interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Erdozain, G., Kukanich, K., Chapman, B., Powell, D.

    Educational events encouraging human-animal interaction include the risk of zoonotic disease transmission. It is estimated that 14% of all disease in the USA caused by Campylobacter spp., Cryptosporidium spp., Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157, non-O157 STECs, Listeria...

  20. Swedish cat shelters: a descriptive survey of husbandry practices, routines and management

    | Contributor(s):: Hirsch, E. N., Andersson, M., Loberg, J.

    Animal shelters rescue and care for society's unwanted companion animals. Nonetheless, several studies have shown that ending up in a shelter can be stressful, and that shelter husbandry can amplify and spread certain diseases. The aim of the present study was to investigate and describe...