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  1. A review of cat behavior in relation to disease risk and management options

    Contributor(s):: Lepczyk, C. A., Lohr, C. A., Duffy, D. C.

    Domestic cats ( Felis catus) are a common household pet and also a notorious invasive species around the world. Because cat numbers have been increasing in many locations it is critical to work on management solutions that help to reduce threats posed by cats. With regard to cat behavior, one of...

  2. A systematic review of zoonoses transmission and livestock/wildlife interactions: Preliminary findings

    Contributor(s):: Delia Grace, R. Kock, J. Rushton, F. Mutua, J.J. McDermott, D.U. Pfeiffer, B. Jones

    Around 60% of all human pathogens are zoonoses and domestic animals and wildlife are of equal importance as reservoir hosts. Moreover, most emerging infectious diseases are zoonoses and most emerge from wildlife. There have been several recent initiatives to categorize zoonoses and their...

  3. A trained demonstrator has a calming effect on naive horses when crossing a novel surface

    Contributor(s):: Rorvang, M. V., Ahrendt, L. P., Christensen, J. W.

    Habituated horses have been found to have a calming effect on conspecifics in fear-eliciting situations. In practice, experienced horses are often used as companions when young horses are introduced to potentially frightening situations, like loading onto a trailer. However, studies of social...

  4. All a mother's fault? Transmission of stereotypy in striped mice Rhabdomys

    Contributor(s):: Jones, M., Lierop, M. van, Pillay, N.

    Environmentally induced stereotypy is the most common abnormal behaviour in captive animals. However, not all animals housed in identically impoverished environments develop stereotypy, possibly because of differences in genetic predisposition. To investigate the transmission of stereotypy in...

  5. All creatures great and minute: a public policy primer for companion animal zoonoses

    Contributor(s):: Reaser, J. K., Clark, E. E., Jr., Meyers, N. M.

    Approximately 63% of US households have at least one pet, a large percentage of which are considered family members. Pet owners can derive substantial physical and psychological benefits from interaction with companion animals. However, pet ownership is not without risks; zoonotic diseases are...

  6. An Investigation of the Relationship of Wound Infection and Exposure to Household Pets: A Pilot Study

    Contributor(s):: Rhodora Neu

    Statement of Problem  In most industrialized countries, pets are becoming a big part in households engaging and sharing human lifestyles. In fact, it is estimated that 14%-62% of pet owners allow their dogs and cats on their beds. However, pets can also carry and transmit pathogens to people...

  7. Assessing the welfare level of intensive fattening pig farms in Germany with the Welfare Quality (R) protocol: does farm size matter?

    Contributor(s):: Meyer-Hamme, S. E. K., Lambertz, C., Gauly, M.

  8. Attenuation of fear through social transmission in groups of same and differently aged horses

    Contributor(s):: Rørvang, Maria Vilain, Christensen, Janne Winther

    Transmission of fear and attenuation of fear within groups of farm animals remain relatively unexplored, despite the importance for human and animal safety. This paper reports the results of two separate experiments, aiming to explore social transmission of habituation in horses at group level....

  9. Behaviour of badgers ( Meles meles ) in farm buildings: opportunities for the transmission of Mycobacterium bovis to cattle?

    | Contributor(s):: Tolhurst, B. A., Delahay, R. J., Walker, N. J., Ward, A. I., Roper, T. J.

    Eurasian badgers (Meles meles) are implicated in the transmission of bovine tuberculosis (Mycobacterium bovis) to cattle. Here we investigate potential spatio-temporal foci of opportunities for contact between badgers and cattle in farm buildings. We discuss the relative occurrence of different...

  10. Best practices for planning events encouraging human-animal interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Erdozain, G., Kukanich, K., Chapman, B., Powell, D.

    Educational events encouraging human-animal interaction include the risk of zoonotic disease transmission. It is estimated that 14% of all disease in the USA caused by Campylobacter spp., Cryptosporidium spp., Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157, non-O157 STECs, Listeria...

  11. Characterization of injuries caused by dogs and cats to humans in the municipality of Jaboticabal, Sao Paulo, between the years 2000 and 2009

    | Contributor(s):: Frias, D. F. R., Nunes, J. O. R., Carvalho, A. A. B.

  12. Clonal Dissemination of Extended-Spectrum Cephalosporin-Resistant Enterobacterales between Dogs and Humans in Households and Animal Shelters of Romania

    | Contributor(s):: Cozma, A. P., Rimbu, C. M., Zendri, F., Maciuca, I. E., Timofte, D.

  13. Complications during shechita and halal slaughter without stunning in cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Gregory, N. G., Wenzlawowicz, M. von, Holleben, K. von, Fielding, H. R., Gibson, T. J., Mirabito, L., Kolesar, R.

  14. Dog behaviour on walks and the effect of use of the leash

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Westgarth, C., Christley, R. M., Pinchbeck, G. L., Gaskell, R. M., Dawson, S., Bradshaw, J. W. S.

    This paper describes how often pet dogs interact with other dogs, people and the environment, whilst being walked. Such interactions may involve aggression or the transmission of infectious disease. We also assessed the effect of the use of a leash as a modifier of these outcomes. In study one,...

  15. Effects of habitat complexity on the aggressive behaviour of the American lobster ( Homarus americanus ) in captivity

    | Contributor(s):: Cenni, F., Parisi, G., Gherardi, F.

    The American lobster, Homarus americanus, is one of the most economically valuable crustacean decapods worldwide, being mostly exploited to foster the live animal industry. Lobsters are typically held in storage facilities where individuals may suffer due to the repeated combats among each other....

  16. Feeding Chromonaela odorata during pregnancy to goat dams affects acceptance of this feedstuff by their offspring

    | Contributor(s):: Phan Vu, Hai, Everts, H., Dam Van, Tien, Schonewille, J. T., Hendriks, W. H.

    We investigated the effect of Chromonaela odorata ingestion by goat dams during pregnancy on intake of C. odorata by their kids. Alteration of prenatal feed preference may be used to increase feed intake of novel feeds and the transit from outdoor to indoor goat farming in...

  17. Genotype rather than non-genetic behavioural transmission determines the temperament of Merino lambs

    | Contributor(s):: Bickell, S., Poindron, P., Nowak, R., Chadwick, A., Ferguson, D., Blache, D.

    Merino ewes have been selected, over 18 generations, for calm (C) or nervous (N) temperament using an arena test and an isolation box test. We investigated the relative contributions of genotype versus the post-partum behaviour of the dam on the temperament of the lambs using a cross-fostering...

  18. GI Zoonoses in Companion Pets of the Homeless : the Effects of Environment and Behavior on the Prevalence of GI Parasites, and the Role of Veterinarians in Public Health Education

    | Contributor(s):: Matthew Edwards, Luis Ruedas (adviser)

    Veterinarians are the front-line in the world of pet-health and zoonoses which means they are also at the front-line of human health and have an important role of educating clients on behaviors that would both reduce the risk of human and pet contracting a disease. In this study we collected 85...

  19. H7N9 ia a virus worth worrying about

    | Contributor(s):: P. Horby, A.J. Tatem, Z. Huang, M. Gilbert, T.P. Robinson, G.R.W. Wint, F.G. Hayden, N. van Vinh Chau, N. Shindo, G. Carson, Z. Gao, Y. Hongjie, S.I. Hay, J. Farrar

    Once again an animal influenza A virus has crossed the species barrier to cause an appreciable number of human cases. Now, two months after the first known human infections with the H7N9 virus, the question is: which of the paths set by previous emerging influenza viruses will it follow? One...

  20. Human-Animal Interaction and the Emergence of SARS-CoV-2

    | Contributor(s):: Hassani, A., Khan, G.