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  1. Swedish cat shelters: a descriptive survey of husbandry practices, routines and management

    Contributor(s):: Hirsch, E. N., Andersson, M., Loberg, J.

    Animal shelters rescue and care for society's unwanted companion animals. Nonetheless, several studies have shown that ending up in a shelter can be stressful, and that shelter husbandry can amplify and spread certain diseases. The aim of the present study was to investigate and describe...

  2. Plague: infections of companion animals and opportunities for intervention

    Contributor(s):: Oyston, Petra C. F., Williamson, Diane

  3. Zoonotic Transmission of Influenza H9 subtype through Reassortment

    Contributor(s):: James Brian Kimble

    Influenza A virus causes disease across a broad host range including avian and mammalian species. Most influenza viruses are found in wild aquatic birds, are of low consequence and refrain from zoonotic transmission. However, some strains occasionally cross the species barrier, into domestic...

  4. Protozoan Diseases of Livestock in Arunachal Pradesh - An Overview

    Contributor(s):: T. Tayo, N. Longjam, B. Perme

    The people (Tribes) of Arunachal Pradesh have the natural tendency to remain close contact with animals since immortal. The domestic animals are kept in basement of the house with human occupants in the first floor of same house. They remain in close contact with cattle, sheep, goat, pigs,...

  5. Living with Cat and Dog Increases Vaginal Colonization with E. coli in pregnant Women

    Full-text: Available

    Contributor(s):: J. Stockholm, S. Schojørring, L. Pedersen, A.L. Bischoff, N. Følsgaard, C.G. Carson, B. Chawes, K. Bønnelykke, A. Mølgaard, K.A. Krogfelt, H. Bisgaard

    BackgroundFurred pets in the household are known reservoirs for pathogenic bacteria, but it is not known if transmission of bacteria between pet and owner leads to significantly increased rate of infections. We studied whether cats and dogs living in the household of pregnant women affect the...

  6. Reverse Zoonotic Disease Transmission (Zooanthroponosis): A Systematic Review of Seldom-Documented Human Biological Threats to Animals

    Contributor(s):: Ali M. Messenger, Amber N. Barnes, Gregory C. Gray

    Background Research regarding zoonotic diseases often focuses on infectious diseases animals have given to humans. However, an increasing number of reports indicate that humans are transmitting pathogens to animals. Recent examples include methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus,...

  7. The Characteristics of Wild Rat (Rattus spp.) Populations from an Inner-City Neighborhood with a Focus on Factors Critical to the Understanding of Rat-Associated Zoonoses

    Contributor(s):: Chelsea G. Himsworth, Claire M. Jardine, Kirbee L. Parsons, Alice Y.T. Feng, David M. Patrick

    Norway and black rats (Rattus norvegicus and Rattus rattus) are among the most ubiquitous urban wildlife species and are the source of a number of zoonotic diseases responsible for significant human morbidity and mortality in cities around the world. Rodent ecology is a primary determinant of the...

  8. Zoonoses: Animal to human diseases

    Contributor(s):: E. Fevre, D. Grace

    This resource is a media briefing regarding the control of zoonotic diseases, the Bird Flu outbreak in China, and the connection between urban agriculture and human health.

  9. Mapping of poverty and likely zoonoses hotspots

    Contributor(s):: D. Grace, F. Mutua, P. Ochungo, R. Kruska, K. Jones, L. Brierley, L. Lapar, M. Said, M. Herrero, P.M. Phuc, N.B. Thao, I. Akuku, F. Ogutu

    The objective of this report is to present data and expert knowledge on poverty and zoonoses hotspots to inform prioritisation of study areas on the transmission of disease in emerging livestock systems in the developing world, where prevention of zoonotic disease might bring greatest benefit to...

  10. The dynamics of livestock ownership, asset ownership and human health in rural households and the role of animal based product consumption: a cross sectional study in Western Province Kenya

    Contributor(s):: C.N. Okell, J. Rushton, W.A. Glanville, E.M. Fevre

    This resource discusses the different aspects of livestock ownership.

  11. H7N9 ia a virus worth worrying about

    | Contributor(s):: P. Horby, A.J. Tatem, Z. Huang, M. Gilbert, T.P. Robinson, G.R.W. Wint, F.G. Hayden, N. van Vinh Chau, N. Shindo, G. Carson, Z. Gao, Y. Hongjie, S.I. Hay, J. Farrar

    Once again an animal influenza A virus has crossed the species barrier to cause an appreciable number of human cases. Now, two months after the first known human infections with the H7N9 virus, the question is: which of the paths set by previous emerging influenza viruses will it follow? One...

  12. Zoonotic Disease in Ohio: Surveillance, Preparation, and Response

    | Contributor(s):: Erik B. Balster

    This paper examines the state of public health preparation and response capacity to zoonotic infectious disease in the state of Ohio. A comprehensive literature review of zoonotic disease emergence and re-emergence, the National Veterinary Stockpile (NVS), the One Health Initiative, emergency...

  13. Prevalence of Potential Zoonotic Enteric Bacterial Pathogens in Dogs and Cats and Factors Associated with Potential Transmission Between Animals and Humans

    | Contributor(s):: Omaima Maamoun Ahmed

    With the discovery of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), concerns about dangers of pet ownership have increased. Zoonotic organisms associated with cats and dogs, may cause life-threatening infections in immuosuppressed human beings. The...

  14. Surveillance and Reporting of Zoonotic Diseases: Perception of Partnership and Communication Between and Among State Animal Health Officials and State Public Health Veterinarians

    | Contributor(s):: Kimberly L. Mcdonald, Steven G. Little, Angeleque Akin-Little

    The transmission of zoonotic diseases from wild and domestic animals to human beings is considered a global public health threat. Developing guidelines to establish communication between and among animal health and health public agencies is paramount. Constant monitoring of the exchange of...

  15. Characterization of injuries caused by dogs and cats to humans in the municipality of Jaboticabal, Sao Paulo, between the years 2000 and 2009

    | Contributor(s):: Frias, D. F. R., Nunes, J. O. R., Carvalho, A. A. B.

  16. The human-animal interface of domestic livestock management and production and its relationship to brucellosis in the country of Georgia 2010: a rapid assessment analysis

    | Contributor(s):: Havas, K. A., Ramishvili, M., Navdarashvili, A., Imnadze, P., Salman, M.

  17. Transmission of MRSA between companion animals and infected human patients presenting to outpatient medical care facilities

    | Contributor(s):: Jorge Pinto Ferreira, Kevin L. Anderson, Maria T. Correa, Roberta Lyman, Felicia Ruffin, L. Barth Reller, Vance G. Fowler Jr.

    Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a significant pathogen in both human and veterinary medicine. The importance of companion animals as reservoirs of human infections is currently unknown. The companion animals of 49 MRSA-infected outpatients (cases) were screened for MRSA...

  18. Complications during shechita and halal slaughter without stunning in cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Gregory, N. G., Wenzlawowicz, M. von, Holleben, K. von, Fielding, H. R., Gibson, T. J., Mirabito, L., Kolesar, R.

  19. Feeding Chromonaela odorata during pregnancy to goat dams affects acceptance of this feedstuff by their offspring

    | Contributor(s):: Phan Vu, Hai, Everts, H., Dam Van, Tien, Schonewille, J. T., Hendriks, W. H.

    We investigated the effect of Chromonaela odorata ingestion by goat dams during pregnancy on intake of C. odorata by their kids. Alteration of prenatal feed preference may be used to increase feed intake of novel feeds and the transit from outdoor to indoor goat farming in...

  20. Social transmission of physiological and behavioural responses to castration in suckling Merino lambs

    | Contributor(s):: Colditz, I. G., Paull, D. R., Lee, C.

    In social species like sheep, social context can modify both physiological and behavioural responses to stressors and normal behavioural patterns. Presence of conspecifics can ameliorate responses to noxious stimuli, an effect termed social buffering, whereas the presence of a distressed...