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All Categories (61-80 of 139)

  1. Features of the neighborhood environment and walking by U.S. adults

    Contributor(s):: Suminski, R. R., Poston, W. S., Petosa, R. L., Stevens, E., Katzenmoyer, L. M.

  2. Perception of environmental obstacles to commuting physical activity in Brazilian elderly

    Contributor(s):: Corseuil, M. W., Schneider, I. J., Silva, D. A., Costa, F. F., Silva, K. S., Borges, L. J., d'Orsi, E.

  3. Pet Airline

    Contributor(s):: Walker, Blair S.

  4. A model to predict the likelihood of cliff swallow nesting on highway structures in northern California

    Contributor(s):: Coates, R. W., Delwiche, M. J., Gorenzel, W. P., Salmon, T. P.

  5. Non-economic incentives to improve animal welfare: positive competition as a driver for change among owners of draught and pack animals in India

    Contributor(s):: Pritchard, J. C., Dijk, L. van, Ali, M., Pradhan, S. K.

  6. Refinement of the use of non-human primates in scientific research. Part II: housing, husbandry and acquisition

    Contributor(s):: Rennie, A. E., Buchanan-Smith, H. M.

  7. Personal, social and environmental determinants of educational inequalities in walking: a multilevel study

    Contributor(s):: Ball, K., Timperio, A., Salmon, J., Giles-Corti, B., Roberts, R., Crawford, D.

  8. Livestock handling and transport

    Contributor(s):: Grandin, Temple

  9. Potential infection-control benefit for Ireland from pre-movement testing of cattle for tuberculosis

    Contributor(s):: Clegg, T. A., More, S. J., Higgins, I. M., Good, M., Blake, M., Williams, D. H.

  10. Effects of management at weaning on behaviour and weight gain of farmed red deer calves

    Contributor(s):: Pollard, J. C., Littlejohn, R. P.

    Two studies were performed to determine whether there were behavioural or productive differences arising from two contrasting weaning practices for red deer (Cervus elaphus scoticus); proximate vs. distant separation of dams and calves. In experiment 1, 80 calves across two replicates were used....

  11. Space allowances for confined livestock and their determination from allometric principles

    Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. C., Phillips, C. J. C.

    The amount of space provided to animals governs important elements of their behaviour and, hence, is critical for their health and welfare. We review the use of allometric principles and equations to estimate the static space requirements of animals when standing and lying, and the space required...

  12. The effects of air transport on the behaviour and heart rate of horses

    Contributor(s):: Stewart, M., Foster, T. M., Waas, J. R.

    Although many horses (Equus caballus) travel by air, there is little information on the effect of this type of transport on their physiology and behaviour. This study monitored the behaviour and heart rate of horses during air transport to identify events that might be stressful and to compare...

  13. The use of a mirror reduces isolation stress in horses being transported by trailer

    Contributor(s):: Kay, R., Hall, C.

    Horse trailers are a common form of transportation for horses and ponies and often require the animal to travel alone or with a single companion. The current study investigated the effect of transporting horses alone, in company or with an acrylic safety mirror (measuring 81 cm x 61.5 cm) that...

  14. Horse preference for orientation during transport and the effect of orientation on balancing ability

    Contributor(s):: Gibbs, A. E., Friend, T. H.

    Twelve horses transported in a 16-m long commercial straight-deck, topless trailer (16 wheels) were either: tied to the left side of the trailer (TL), tied to the right (TR) or loose (L). Four horses at a time were transported 4 laps around a 3.6-km rectangular course, reversing direction each...

  15. The effect of road-type and distance transported on behaviour, physiology and carcass quality of farmed red deer ( Cervus elaphus )

    Contributor(s):: Jago, J. G., Harcourt, R. G., Matthews, L. R.

    Nine groups of 6 hinds were transported 80, 230 or 380 km. Behaviour during transport was recorded continuously using a camera mounted centrally in the ceiling of the pen. Blood samples were collected pre-transport and post-slaughter. The carcasses were assessed for bruising and ultimate pH was...

  16. The effects of some factors associated with transportation on the behavioural and physiological reactions of farmed red deer

    Contributor(s):: Grigor, P. N., Goddard, P. J., Cockram, M. S., Rennie, S. C., Macdonald, A. J.

    The effects of several aspects of transportation on the behavioural and physiological responses of red deer (Cervus elaphus) were studied. In two experiments conducted in winter and summer, two groups of five adult male castrated red deer (housed at a space allowance of 2.7 msuperscript 2 per...

  17. Planes, trains and automobiles

    Contributor(s):: Dupes, B.

  18. An ethicist's commentary on increased cost of proper shipping

    Contributor(s):: Rollin, B. E.

  19. An ethicist's commentary on the case of a client trying to ship a downer animal

    Contributor(s):: Rollin, B. E.

  20. An ethicist's commentary on veterinarians and downer animals

    Contributor(s):: Rollin, B. E.