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  1. Potential welfare impacts of kill-trapping European moles ( Talpa europaea) using scissor traps and duffus traps: a post mortem examination study

    Contributor(s):: Baker, S. E., Shaw, R. F., Atkinson, R. P. D., West, P., Macdonald, D. W.

    Moles are widely trapped as pests on farms and amenity land in Britain. Spring traps for killing mammals generally require welfare approval in the UK, but mole traps are exempt. Previous research demonstrated wide variation in the mechanical performance of mole traps. In this context, we aimed to...

  2. The effects of human age, group composition, and behavior on the likelihood of being injured by attacking pumas

    Contributor(s):: Coss, R. G., Fitzhugh, L. E., Schmid-Holmes, S., Kenyon, M. W., Etling, K.

    Documentation from the years 1890 to 2000 of 185 instances of pumas (Puma concolor) attacking humans in the United States and Canada has provided statistical evidence that pumas are less likely to kill or injure humans in certain circumstances. We identified incidents of fatal attacks, severe...

  3. The morality of the reptile "pet" trade

    Contributor(s):: Warwick, C.

    The trade in, and private keeping of, reptiles as "pets" raises several ethical concerns regarding animal welfare (associated with handling, storage, transportation, intensive captive breeding, captivity stress, injury, disease, and high premature mortality); public health and safety (associated...

  4. Animal assisted group interventions for the treatment of trauma

    Contributor(s):: DePrekel, Molly, Neznik, Kay, Trotter, Kay Sudekum

  5. Animals and Healing [New Sources of Healing]

    Contributor(s):: Wainrib, Barbara Rubin

  6. Equine facilitated psychotherapy for the treatment of trauma

    Contributor(s):: DePrekel, Molly, Trotter, Kay Sudekum

  7. Healing through horses: Equine assisted counseling—No place to hide

    Contributor(s):: Schneider, Judith S., Trotter, Kay Sudekum

  8. Heart-to-heart rainbow: An imagery experience to facilitate relationship development

    Contributor(s):: Jeffers, Pamela, Lucas, Erin, Houser, Kristina, Trotter, Kay Sudekum

  9. Reclaiming boundaries through equine assisted counseling

    Contributor(s):: Coleman, Vallerie E., Trotter, Kay Sudekum

  10. A veterinary and behavioral analysis of dolphin killing methods currently used in the "drive hunt" in Taiji, Japan

    Contributor(s):: Butterworth, A., Brakes, P., Vail, C. S., Reiss, D.

    Annually in Japanese waters, small cetaceans are killed in "drive hunts" with quotas set by the government of Japan. The Taiji Fishing Cooperative in Japan has published the details of a new killing method that involves cutting (transecting) the spinal cord and purports to reduce time to death....

  11. Admissions of cats to animal welfare shelters in Melbourne, Australia

    Contributor(s):: Marston, L. C., Bennett, P. C.

    Although the number of companion animal (pet) cats (Felis catus) in Australia is decreasing, there has not been a corresponding reduction in feline admissions to nonhuman animal welfare shelters. This study tracked 15,206 cat admissions to 1 large Melbourne shelter over a 12-month period. Data...

  12. Animal welfare - scientific approaches to the issues

    Contributor(s):: Millman, S. T.

    Nonhuman animal welfare is of significant public interest, globally and within the United States. Value-based judgments are intrinsic to animal welfare assessment, according to the relative weighting of factors associated with animal performance, health, affective states, and natural living. The...

  13. Can aggression in dogs be elicited through the use of electronic pet containment systems?

    Contributor(s):: Polsky, R.

    Five cases are described that involve severe attacks on humans by dogs who were being trained or maintained on an electronic pet containment system. The system is designed to boundary train a dog through the use of electric shock in an escape-avoidance conditioning paradigm. Data were collected...

  14. Clinical material

    Contributor(s):: Rhode, Maria

    Finn is a fostered boy aged eight, seen three times a week for psychotherapy. He and an older sibling were removed from his parents when Finn was aged five, and placed with the current foster carers. The placement has periodically been jeopardised by his chaotic and destructive behavior, which...

  15. Does horse temperament influence horse-rider cooperation? (Special Issue: Equitation science.)

    Contributor(s):: Visser, E. K., Reenen, C. G. van, Blokhuis, M. Z., Morgan, E. K. M., Hassmen, P., Rundgren, T. M. M., Blokhuis, H. J.

    Cooperation between rider and horse is of major importance in equitation. A balanced team of horse and rider improves (sport) performances and welfare aspects by decreasing stress, frustration, risks of injuries, and accidents. Important features affecting the cooperation are the physical skills,...

  16. Livestock vehicle accidents in Spain: causes, consequences, and effects on animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Miranda-de la Lama, G. C., Sepulveda, W. S., Villarroel, M., Maria, G. A.

    Livestock vehicle accidents are rare but involve significant economic, human, and nonhuman farm animal losses. This study obtained information on the characteristics of accidents, the animals involved, and injuries to humans from newspaper reports about livestock vehicle accidents in Spain from...

  17. Long-term outcome of equestrian injuries in children

    Contributor(s):: Dekker, R., Ck,, Kootstra, J., Groothoff, J. W., Eisma, W. H., ten Duis, H. J.

    PURPOSE: To investigate the possible development of long-term disabilities arising from paediatric equestrian injuries. METHOD: All patients, aged 17 years or younger, treated in a hospital setting because of an equestrian injury during a five-year period received a questionnaire. A reference...

  18. Morbidity and mortality of invertebrates, amphibians, reptiles, and mammals at a major exotic companion animal wholesaler

    Contributor(s):: Ashley, S., Brown, S., Ledford, J., Martin, J., Nash, A. E., Terry, A., Tristan, T., Warwick, C.

    The authors formally investigated a major international wildlife wholesaler and subsequently confiscated more than 26,400 nonhuman animals of 171 species and types. Approximately 80% of the nonhuman animals were identified as grossly sick, injured, or dead, with the remaining in suspected...

  19. Prolonged pain research in mice: trends in reference to the 3Rs

    Contributor(s):: Balcombe, J., Ferdowsian, H., Briese, L.

    This literature review documents trends in the use of mice in prolonged pain research, defined herein as research that subjects mice to a source of pain for at least 14 days. The total amount of prolonged pain research on mice has increased dramatically in the past decade for the 3 pain...

  20. Rat's demand for group size

    Contributor(s):: Patterson-Kane, E. P., Hunt, M., Harper, D.

    Social isolation compromises the welfare of rats. However, it is not clear how many rats should be housed together under laboratory conditions. Pair housing, sometimes recommended over group housing, may help avoid aggression and disease transmission. Female rats, however, showed the highest...