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  1. Preliminary assessment of finishing pig welfare using animal-based measurements

    Contributor(s):: Whay, H. R., Leeb, C., Main, D. C. J., Green, L. E., Webster, A. J. F.

    A preliminary investigation was undertaken to evaluate a series of animal-based welfare measures for the assessment of finishing pigs in units that were members of the RSPCA Freedom Food farm assurance scheme. A total of 20 finishing pig units were visited in the summer of 2002 and 14 of these...

  2. Preliminary evaluation of a prototype welfare monitoring system for sows and piglets (Welfare QualityReg. project)

    Contributor(s):: Scott, K., Binnendijk, G. P., Edwards, S. A., Guy, J. H., Kiezebrink, M. C., Vermeer, H. M.

    The Welfare QualityReg. project aims to develop a European on-farm welfare assessment standard for pigs, amongst other species. A prototype monitoring system was developed for sows and piglets using predominantly animal-based measures of behaviour, health and physiology to assess welfare. The...

  3. Proceedings of the UFAW International Symposium, Darwinian selection, selective breeding and the welfare of animals, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK, 22-23 June 2009

    Contributor(s):: Kirkwood, J. K., Weddell, S., Hubrecht, R. C., Wickens, S. M.

    The 150th anniversary of the publication of The Origin of Species is a good time to consider how selection can affect welfare - the quality of life. Darwin (1859) quoted Youatt's description of selective breeding: "...the magician's wand, by means of which he may summon into life whatever form...

  4. Quality of life means welfare: how is it related to other concepts and assessed?

    Contributor(s):: Broom, D. M.

    Our view of which individuals should be the subjects of our moral actions is expanding to include more people and more species. Animal welfare is the subject of rapidly increasing concern in most countries in the world, and this concern is resulting in changes in the ways in which animal users...

  5. Reducing post-mixing aggression and skin lesions in weaned pigs by application of a synthetic maternal pheromone

    Contributor(s):: Guy, J. H., Burns, S. E., Barker, J. M., Edwards, S. A.

    In commercial pig production, piglets are often mixed after weaning which can result in severe aggression and lead to body damage, disruption of feeding behaviour and reduced growth. This experiment investigated whether application of a synthetic maternal pheromone to groups of weaned pigs in...

  6. Relation between parity and feed intake, fear of humans and social behaviour in non-lactating sows group-housed under various on-farm conditions

    Contributor(s):: Kongsted, A. G., Hermansen, J. E., Kristensen, T.

    The number of group-housed, non-lactating sows is increasing rapidly in Europe. However, systematic information of the between-sow variation in animal welfare related factors under various on-farm conditions is lacking. Indicators of feed intake, fear of humans and social behaviour in...

  7. Results of the Animal Needs Index (ANI-35L) compared to animal-based parameters in free-range and organic laying hen flocks in Austria

    Contributor(s):: Zaludik, K., Lugmair, A., Baumung, R., Troxler, J., Niebuhr, K.

    The aim of this study was a comparison of Animal Needs Index (ANI) data, derived from annual inspections by a control agency, with data collected from 164 selected on-farm flocks concerning feather damage, injuries, egg production, mortality, bodyweight, foot pad dermatitis, keel bone deviations...

  8. Selection of parameters for on-farm welfare-assessment protocols in cattle and buffalo

    Contributor(s):: Winckler, C., Capdeville, J., Gebresenbet, G., Horning, B., Roiha, U., Tosi, M., Waiblinger, S.

    On-farm welfare-assessment protocols should be based on valid, reliable and feasible indicators that reflect the animal's state in the context of the housing and management system. This paper focuses on the selection of parameters for cattle and buffalo from welfare research, from assessment...

  9. Social behaviour and injuries of horned cows in loose housing systems

    Contributor(s):: Menke, C., Waiblinger, S., Folsch, D. W., Wiepkema, P. R.

    The relationship between social behaviour and skin injuries (caused by horns) of loose housed horned cows was investigated on 35 dairy farms (mean herd-size, 34.54, range, 8-80). While the frequencies of 2 agonistic behaviour elements (push and chase away) were positively correlated with the...

  10. Stakeholders' assessment of welfare indicators for sheep and cattle exported by sea from Australia

    Contributor(s):: Pines, M. K., Petherick, J. C., Gaughan, J. B., Phillips, C. J. C.

    An adaptive conjoint analysis was used to evaluate stakeholders' opinion of welfare indicators for ship-transported sheep and cattle, both onboard and in pre-export depots. In consultations with two nominees of each identified stakeholder group (government officials, animal welfare...

  11. Tail and ear biting lesions in pigs: an epidemiological study

    Contributor(s):: Smulders, D., Hautekiet, V., Verbeke, G., Geers, R.

    Tail and ear biting lesions have a negative effect both on the animal welfare status of pigs (Sus scrofus) and the economical revenue of the pig farm. Tail biting behaviour is an unpredictable, abnormal behaviour that is thought to have a multifactorial origin. On-farm factors influencing tail...

  12. The effect of a new vertical structure in mitigating aggressive behaviour in a large group of chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes )

    Contributor(s):: Caws, C. E., Wehnelt, S., Aureli, F.

    The availability and complexity of escape routes are key aspects in modulating aggression. The effect of increased vertical space on the occurrence and severity of aggression was studied in a large group of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Fifty wooden poles were added to the outdoor enclosure at...

  13. The effect of method of tail docking on tail-biting behaviour and welfare of pigs

    Contributor(s):: Sutherland, M. A., Bryer, P. J., Krebs, N., McGlone, J. J.

    The objective of this study was to explore the effects of tail docking and tail biting on pig welfare through an assessment of physiology and behaviour. In experiment 1, piglets were either tail docked using hot cautery iron (CAUT), blunt trauma cutters (BT), or their tails were left intact...

  14. The effects of light intensity and light source on injuries due to pecking of male domestic turkeys ( Meleagris gallopavo )

    Contributor(s):: Moinard, C., Lewis, P. D., Perry, G. C., Sherwin, C. M.

    It has been shown that, in small groups of intact male domestic turkeys, supplementary ultraviolet (UV-A) radiation, visual barriers, and added straw (environmental enrichment) minimize the incidence of injurious pecking under incandescent light at 5 lux. This paper describes two experiments,...

  15. The effects of road traffic accidents on domestic cats and their owners

    Contributor(s):: Rochlitz, I.

    Six veterinary practices participated in a study of cats involved in road accidents. Of 127 cats, 93 survived, of which 58 had moderate to very severe injuries. The mean period of hospitalisation was five days and the mean length of veterinary treatment was 23 days. The cost of treatment was less...

  16. The husbandry, welfare and health of captive African civets ( Vivera civetica ) in western Ethiopa

    Contributor(s):: Tolosa, T., Regassa, F.

    A study was carried out during the period from September 2001 to August 2002 in Jimma zone, western Ethiopia to evaluate the husbandry and health of captive African civets (Vivera civetica). Wild civets were found in the wild in all 13 of the districts in the zone, although traditional...

  17. The use of a cat-flap at the nest entrance to mimic natural conditions in the breeding of fattening rabbits ( Oryctolagus cuniculus )

    Contributor(s):: Baumann, P., Oester, H., Stauffacher, M.

    Management systems allowing free nest access are widely used in commercial rabbit breeding, but these produce a potential conflict with the doe's behavioural goal of a closed nest entrance. Furthermore, the restricted space in commercial breeding units prevents the doe from achieving a sufficient...

  18. Transportation of beef cattle to slaughterhouses and how this relates to animal welfare and carcase bruising in an extensive production system

    Contributor(s):: Huertas, S. M., Gil, A. D., Piaggio, J. M., Eerdenburg, F. J. C. M. van

    The objective of this study was to evaluate conditions during transport and their effects on welfare and carcase bruising of beef cattle in Uruguay, a country with an extensive, pasture-based, production system. Twelve abattoirs were visited periodically during two years (2002-2003) and 448...

  19. Using a national dairy database to identify herds with poor welfare

    Contributor(s):: Sandgren, C. H., Lindberg, A., Keeling, L. J.

    This research project was carried out by the Swedish Dairy Association as part of the development of a 'Scheme for Animal Welfare'. As a first step, on-farm, animal-based measurements on calves, young stock and cows in 55 randomly selected herds were performed. Nine animal-based measurements...

  20. Welfare assessment in 82 pig farms: effect of animal age and floor type on behaviour and injuries in fattening pigs

    Contributor(s):: Courboulay, V., Eugene, A., Delarue, E.

    A welfare assessment method was built, based on criteria related to behaviour, lesion scores and human/animal interactions, and tested thereafter in two main types of farms differing by their type of floor: either concrete, fully or partially slatted (C; n=42) or straw bedding (S; n=40)....