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  1. Fatal Tuberculosis in a Free-Ranging African Elephant and One Health Implications of Human Pathogens in Wildlife

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Michele A. Miller, Peter Buss, Eduard O. Roos, Guy Hausler, Anzaan Dippenaar, Emily Mitchell, Louis van Schalkwyk, Suelee Robbe-Austerman, W. Ray Waters, Alina Sikar-Gang, Konstantin P. Lyashchenko, Sven D. C. Parsons, Robin Warren, Paul van Helden

    Tuberculosis (TB) in humans is a global public health concern and the discovery of animal cases of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection and disease, especially in multi-host settings, also has significant implications for public health, veterinary disease control, and conservation...

  2. Use of the Human Vaccine, Mycobacterium bovis Bacillus Calmette Guérin in Deer

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mitchell V. Palmer, Tyler C. Thacker

    The only vaccine ever approved for human tuberculosis was developed a century ago from an isolate of Mycobacterium bovis derived from a tuberculous cow. Initial safety and efficacy studies of an attenuated version of this isolate were conducted in cattle and other animals. In 1921 the first...

  3. Trained Rats are Detecting Tuberculosis and Saving Lives | Georgies Mgode | TEDxKenmoreSquare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Georgies Mgode

    Tuberculosis (TB) is the number one global killer by an infectious disease. In Tanzania, a team is embracing an innovative and efficient method to speed up the diagnosis of TB that involves integrating super-sniffer rats to quickly identify patients. These trained rats are helping to save...

  4. Apopo

    Full-text: Available

    Apopo's mission is to develop detection rats technology to provide solutions for global problems and inspire positive social change.

  5. Badger-human conflict: an overlooked historical context for bovine TB debates in the UK

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Angela Cassidy

    In Britain, the question of whether to cull wild badgers (Meles meles) in order to control the spread of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) in domestic cattle herds has been the source of scientific, public and policy controversy for over 40 years and still shows no sign of resolution. This chapter...

  6. Performativity and a microbe: Exploring Mycobacterium bovis and the political ecologies of bovine tuberculosis

    | Contributor(s):: Robinson, Philip A.

  7. The History of In Vivo Tuberculin Testing in Bovines: Tuberculosis, a "One Health" Issue

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Margaret Good, Douwe Bakker, Anthony Duigan, Daniel M. Collins

    Tuberculosis (TB) is more than 3 million years old thriving in multiple species. Ancestral Mycobacterium tuberculosis gave rise to multiple strains including Mycobacterium bovis now distributed worldwide with zoonotic transmission happening in both directions between animals...

  8. Relationship of human and animal tuberculosis in the interface areas of the National parks of the Kafue Basin in Zambia

    | Contributor(s):: Musso Munyeme

    Tuberculosis is a disease of worldwide public health and economic importance. In Zambia the disease has been consistently reported in the Kafue Basin without a clear understanding of transmission dynamics in the livestock-wildlife interface. The main objective of this study was to determine the...

  9. Tuberculosis and One Health – What is in a Name?

    | Contributor(s):: Susanna Sternberg Lewerin

    Most control programs for bovine tuberculosis include reporting to both veterinary and public health authorities, and measures to prevent transmission from animals to humans. On the other hand, reporting of human cases to veterinary authorities is rare, unless an animal source is suspected....

  10. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...

  11. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

  12. Zoonoses

    | Contributor(s):: M.C. Atapattu

  13. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...

  14. First reported case of fatal tuberculosis in a wild African elephant with past human-wildlife contact

    | Contributor(s):: Vincent Obanda, J. Poghon, M. Yongo, I. Mulei, M. Ngotho, K. Waititu, J. Makumi, F. Gakuya, P. Omondi, R.C. Soriguer, S. Alasaad

    Tuberculosis is emerging/re-emerging in captive elephant populations, where it causes morbidity and deaths, although no case of TB in wild African elephants has been reported. In this paper we report the first case of fatal TB in an African elephant in the wild. The infection with Mycobacterium...

  15. The avoidance of farmyards by European badgers Meles meles in a medium density population

    | Contributor(s):: Mullen, E. M., MacWhite, T., Maher, P. K., Kelly, D. J., Marples, N. M., Good, M.

    Mycobacterium bovis (TB) in cattle is a disease with far-reaching economic effects throughout Europe but especially in Great Britain and Ireland. Wildlife reservoirs, in particular the European badger Meles meles, continue to play an important role in the transmission of the disease, although the...

  16. Cumulative experience, age-class, sex and season affect the behavioural responses of European badgers ( Meles meles) to handling and sedation

    | Contributor(s):: Sun, Q., Stevens, C., Newman, C., Buesching, C. D., Macdonald, D. W.

    The restraint and sedation of wild animals has welfare implications, thus animal handling procedures should be well-informed and optimised to adhere to welfare standards. Furthermore, it is important that handling procedures should not cause future trap avoidance. This is of particular pertinence...

  17. Resolution 1992-02-04 Tuberculosis in Captive Cervidae and Exotic Animals

    | Contributor(s):: Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies

  18. From the mouths of monkeys : detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex DNA from buccal swabs of syanthropic macaques

    | Contributor(s):: Wilbur, Alicia K.

  19. The risk of tuberculosis transmission to free-ranging great apes

    | Contributor(s):: Wolf, Tiffany M.

  20. Positive reinforcement training for a trunk wash in Nepal's working elephants: demonstrating alternatives to traditional elephant training techniques

    | Contributor(s):: Fagen, A., Narayan, Acharya, Kaufman, G. E.

    Many trainers of animals in the zoo now rely on positive reinforcement training to teach animals to voluntarily participate in husbandry and veterinary procedures in an effort to improve behavioral reliability, captive management, and welfare. However, captive elephant handlers in Nepal still...