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  1. Performativity and a microbe: Exploring Mycobacterium bovis and the political ecologies of bovine tuberculosis

    Contributor(s):: Robinson, Philip A.

  2. The History of In Vivo Tuberculin Testing in Bovines: Tuberculosis, a "One Health" Issue

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Margaret Good, Douwe Bakker, Anthony Duigan, Daniel M. Collins

    Tuberculosis (TB) is more than 3 million years old thriving in multiple species. Ancestral Mycobacterium tuberculosis gave rise to multiple strains including Mycobacterium bovis now distributed worldwide with zoonotic transmission happening in both directions between animals...

  3. Tuberculosis and One Health – What is in a Name?

    | Contributor(s):: Susanna Sternberg Lewerin

    Most control programs for bovine tuberculosis include reporting to both veterinary and public health authorities, and measures to prevent transmission from animals to humans. On the other hand, reporting of human cases to veterinary authorities is rare, unless an animal source is suspected....

  4. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...

  5. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

  6. First reported case of fatal tuberculosis in a wild African elephant with past human-wildlife contact

    | Contributor(s):: Vincent Obanda, J. Poghon, M. Yongo, I. Mulei, M. Ngotho, K. Waititu, J. Makumi, F. Gakuya, P. Omondi, R.C. Soriguer, S. Alasaad

    Tuberculosis is emerging/re-emerging in captive elephant populations, where it causes morbidity and deaths, although no case of TB in wild African elephants has been reported. In this paper we report the first case of fatal TB in an African elephant in the wild. The infection with Mycobacterium...

  7. The avoidance of farmyards by European badgers Meles meles in a medium density population

    | Contributor(s):: Mullen, E. M., MacWhite, T., Maher, P. K., Kelly, D. J., Marples, N. M., Good, M.

    Mycobacterium bovis (TB) in cattle is a disease with far-reaching economic effects throughout Europe but especially in Great Britain and Ireland. Wildlife reservoirs, in particular the European badger Meles meles, continue to play an important role in the transmission of the disease, although the...

  8. Cumulative experience, age-class, sex and season affect the behavioural responses of European badgers ( Meles meles) to handling and sedation

    | Contributor(s):: Sun, Q., Stevens, C., Newman, C., Buesching, C. D., Macdonald, D. W.

    The restraint and sedation of wild animals has welfare implications, thus animal handling procedures should be well-informed and optimised to adhere to welfare standards. Furthermore, it is important that handling procedures should not cause future trap avoidance. This is of particular pertinence...

  9. Resolution 1992-02-04 Tuberculosis in Captive Cervidae and Exotic Animals

    | Contributor(s):: Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies

  10. From the mouths of monkeys : detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex DNA from buccal swabs of syanthropic macaques

    | Contributor(s):: Wilbur, Alicia K.

  11. The risk of tuberculosis transmission to free-ranging great apes

    | Contributor(s):: Wolf, Tiffany M.

  12. Positive reinforcement training for a trunk wash in Nepal's working elephants: demonstrating alternatives to traditional elephant training techniques

    | Contributor(s):: Fagen, A., Narayan, Acharya, Kaufman, G. E.

    Many trainers of animals in the zoo now rely on positive reinforcement training to teach animals to voluntarily participate in husbandry and veterinary procedures in an effort to improve behavioral reliability, captive management, and welfare. However, captive elephant handlers in Nepal still...

  13. Exploring opportunities to do things differently

    | Contributor(s):: Gibbens, N.

  14. Mycobacterium tuberculosis transmission from human to canine

    | Contributor(s):: P.C. Erwin, B.A. Bemis, D. Mawby, S.B. McCombs, L.L. Sheeler, I.M. Himelright, S.K. Halford, L. Diem, B. Metchock, T.F. Jones, M.G. Schilling, B.V. Thomsen

    A 71-year-old woman from Tennessee, USA with a 3-week history of a productive, nonbloody cough was evaluated. Chest radiograph showed infiltrates and atelectasis in the upper lobe of the right lung. A tuberculosis (TB) skin test resulted in a 14-mm area of induration. Sputum stained positive for...

  15. Minimizing harm in possum control operations and experiments in New Zealand

    | Contributor(s):: Morris, M. C., Weaver, S. A.

    Pest control operations and experimentation on sentient animals such as the brushtail possum can cause unnecessary and avoidable suffering in the animal subjects. Minimizing animal suffering is an animal welfare goal and can be used as a guide in the design and execution of animal experimentation...

  16. Behaviour of badgers ( Meles meles ) in farm buildings: opportunities for the transmission of Mycobacterium bovis to cattle?

    | Contributor(s):: Tolhurst, B. A., Delahay, R. J., Walker, N. J., Ward, A. I., Roper, T. J.

    Eurasian badgers (Meles meles) are implicated in the transmission of bovine tuberculosis (Mycobacterium bovis) to cattle. Here we investigate potential spatio-temporal foci of opportunities for contact between badgers and cattle in farm buildings. We discuss the relative occurrence of different...

  17. Tail biting in fattening pigs: associations between frequency of tail biting and other abnormal behaviours

    | Contributor(s):: Brunberg, E., Wallenbeck, A., Keeling, L. J.

    This study investigated the association between tail biting (TB) and other abnormal behaviours in a group of non-tail docked pigs. Behavioural data were collected from 742 pigs housed on a commercial farm. The prevalence of performed and received TB, belly nosing, bar biting, ear biting and...

  18. Compendium of measures to prevent disease associated with animals in public settings, 2007: National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians, Inc. (NASPHV)

    Certain venues encourage or permit the public to contact animals, resulting in millions of human-animal interactions each year. These settings include county or state fairs, petting zoos, animal swap meets, pet stores, zoologic institutions, circuses, carnivals, farm tours, livestock-birthing...

  19. Compendium of measures to prevent disease associated with animals in public settings, 2009 National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians, Inc. (NASPHV)

    Certain venues encourage or permit the public to be in contact with animals, resulting in millions of human-animal interactions each year. These settings include county or state fairs, petting zoos, animal swap meets, pet stores, zoologic institutions, circuses, carnivals, educational farms,...

  20. The behaviour of badgers [in relation to bovine tuberculosis]

    | Contributor(s):: Cheeseman, C.