Text Mining Analysis to Evaluate Stakeholders' Perception Regarding Welfare of Equines, Small Ruminants, and Turkeys
| Contributor(s):: Emanuela Dalla Costa, Vito Tranquillo, Francesca Dai, Michela Minero, Monica Battini, Silvana Mattiello, Sara Barbieri, Valentina Ferrante, Lorenzo Ferrari, Adroaldo Zanella, Elisabetta Canali
Welfare of animals significantly depends on how stakeholders perceive their needs and behave in a way to favor production systems that promote better welfare outcomes. This study aimed at investigating stakeholders’ perception of the welfare of equines, small ruminants, and turkeys using...
Temperamental turkeys: Reliability of behavioural responses to four tests of fear
| Contributor(s):: Erasmus, Marisa, Swanson, Janice
Open field (OF), tonic immobility (TI), voluntary approach (VA) and novel object (NO) tests are used to assess fear responses, activity levels and coping styles of poultry. Fear tests are also used as part of welfare assessment programmes. Little is known about fear responses of turkeys....
Experience with a variety of feed colours reduces feed neophobia in the turkey
| Contributor(s):: Lecuelle, Stéphanie, Leterrier, Christine, Chagneau, Anne-Marie, Laviron, Florence, Lescoat, Philippe, Bastianelli, Denis, Bertin, Aline, Bouvarel, Isabelle
When exposed to a new feed, farm birds are commonly reluctant to eat this feed. This phenomenon, called feed neophobia, could be reduced by exposing young animals to a variety of novel feeds. We investigated whether previous experience with a variety of feed colours could reduce food neophobia in...
Comparing the behavioural organization of head pecking, severe feather pecking, and gentle feather pecking in domestic turkeys
| Contributor(s):: Dalton, Hillary A., Wood, Benjamin J., Widowski, Tina M., Guerin, Michele T., Torrey, Stephanie
Detection of behavioural temporal patterns (T-patterns) allows for insight into the organization of behaviours that is not apparent through quantitative analysis of the durations and frequencies of discrete behaviours. In this study, a T-pattern was defined as a reoccurring sequence of >= 2...
Investigating turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) domestication in the Southwest United States through ancient DNA analysis
| Contributor(s):: Camilla Filomena Speller
As one of the New World’s few animal domesticates, the turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) represented an important resource for the Ancestral Puebloans of the Southwest United States. Despite the rich database of Southwest archaeology, several questions concerning the domestication and use of...
Validation of HOBO Pendant data loggers for automated step detection in two age classes of male turkeys: growers and finishers
| Contributor(s):: Dalton, H. A., Wood, B. J., Dickey, J. P., Torrey, S.
Activity levels can be used as a predictor of health status, physical condition, feed efficiency, and coping style in animals. Small, portable data loggers have been validated as an inexpensive and effective alternative to video or live observation for automated activity detection in several...
Bob and Axle
| Contributor(s):: Eileen Bona
This is a story about a dog and a turkey working at an animal assisted therapy program and how they effectively help people understand the dynamics of bullying while working in their roles as therapy animals.
Zoonoses, public health, and the backyard poultry flock
| Contributor(s):: Grunkemeyer, V. L.
BIOETHICS SYMPOSIUM II: current factors influencing perceptions of animals and their welfare
| Contributor(s):: McKendree, M. G. S., Croney, C. C., Widmar, N. J. O.
To address escalating concerns about livestock animal care and welfare it is necessary to better understand the factors that may predispose people to develop such concerns. It has been hypothesized that experiences with, beliefs about, and emotional connections to animals may influence level of...
Variables Influencing Nest Success of Eastern Wild Turkeys in Connecticut: Nesting Habitat, Home Range-Scale Fragmentation, and Nest Attentiveness
| Contributor(s):: Shelley M. Spohr, Daniel J. Harrison (adviser), Frederick A. Servello (adviser)
Nest success is the most important demographic parameter influencing rates of population change of eastern wild turkeys and many variables operating at multiple spatial and temporal scales may influence whether a nest is successful. Most studies of nest success and survival of turkeys have...
Global Animal Partnership's 5-Step<sup>TM</sup> Animal Welfare Rating Standards: a welfare-labelling scheme that allows for continuous improvement
| Contributor(s):: Duncan, I. J. H., Park, M., Malleau, A. E.
Landowner attitudes toward introduced wild turkeys in northwestern Minnesota
| Contributor(s):: Parent, C. J., Goodwin, B. J., Dunton, E. M.
Domestic turkeys are not averse to compact fluorescent lighting
| Contributor(s):: Sherwin, C. M.
The preferences of 30 male BUT 8 turkeys for 10 lx incandescent or compact fluorescent lighting was determined on 6 occasions when the birds were between 8 and 18 weeks of age. The turkeys showed no indication of aversion to the fluorescent light, rather, they chose this significantly more...
The effects of environmental enrichment and intermittent lighting on the behaviour and welfare of male domestic turkeys
| Contributor(s):: Sherwin, C. M., Lewis, P. D., Perry, G. C.
The responses to 4 treatments (2 rooms/treatment) of 8 groups of 50 non-beak trimmed, male domestic turkeys was investigated from day-of hatching to 21 weeks of age. One treatment, 'Control' birds, were reared under conditions close to commercial rearing; the other treatments were Enriched (many...
Turkeys prefer fluorescent light with supplementary ultraviolet radiation
| Contributor(s):: Moinard, C., Sherwin, C. M.
30 male Big 6 turkeys were reared in a room lit by a compact fluorescent lamp (15 lux) or a similar lamp and a supplementary ultraviolet radiation (UV) source (160 W, 365 nm peak emission) from 1 day of age. At 6, 7, 9, 10, 12 and 13 weeks of age, turkeys were subjected to a choice test. In each...
A brief report on aggressive interactions within and between groups of domestic turkeys ( Meleagris gallopavo )
| Contributor(s):: Buchwalder, T., Huber-Eicher, B.
Aggressive encounters and injuries due to head pecking seriously threaten the welfare of domestic turkeys and also result in economic waste within the turkey industry. The aim of this study was to investigate whether domestic turkey toms distinguish group members from non-group members and if...
Multiple ownership of animals in New York City
| Contributor(s):: Worth, D., Beck, A. M.
Stimulation of feeding in neonatal turkeys by flashing lights
| Contributor(s):: Lewis, N. J., Hurnik, J. F.
400 Large White male and female turkey poults weighing 55 g were exposed to flashing lights (blue, green, yellow and red) for the first 20 min of each hour for the first 6 days after hatching. Poults exposed to flashing lights consumed an average of 9% more feed than 400 non-exposed poults, but...
Effect of crate height during short-term confinement on the welfare and behaviour of turkeys
| Contributor(s):: Wichman, A., Norring, M., Pastell, M., Algers, B., Poso, R., Valros, A., Saloniemi, H., Hanninen, L.
During transport from the farm to the slaughter house birds are often confined in crates with limited space. In this study we investigated how the confinement of male turkeys in crates of 40, 55 or 90 cm height for 6 h, affected the turkeys welfare. We used both behavioural observations and...
Light intensity preferences of domestic male turkeys
Thirty BUT8 turkey males [15 reared at 4 lux (4LUX) and 15 reared at 12 lux (12LUX)] were placed in a preference apparatus comprising of 4 chambers with a choice of < 1, 5, 10, or 25 lux of light. Sub-groups of 3 birds were tested on 8 occasions between 6 and 19 weeks of age. The 4LUX birds spent...