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  1. Effect of switch trimming on udder and teat hygiene of dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Ingle, Heather D., Rice, Christa A., Black, Randi A., Childers, Sarah Z., Eberhart, Nicole L., Prado, Maria E., Krawczel, Peter D.

    The study objective was to determine the effects of trimming the switch of dairy cows on teat-end bacterial counts and udder hygiene scores. Cows (n = 102) were blocked by days in milk, milk production, and parity and then assigned to (a) treatment (trimming of their tail switch using a...

  2. Group housing with electronically controlled crates for lactating sows. Effect on farrowing, suckling and activity behavior of sows and piglets

    Contributor(s):: Bohnenkamp, Anna-Lena, Meyer, Christian, Müller, Karin, Krieter, Joachim

    The aim of the present study was the analysis of behavioral parameters of sows and piglets in two different farrowing systems. Data of 132 crossbred-sows were collected. Conventional single housing with farrowing crates (SH) was compared to a group housing system (GH) with six single pens,...

  3. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...

  4. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...

  5. Short-term ante-calving handling of dairy heifers in relation to heifers' behaviour and udder health after parturition

    | Contributor(s):: Ivemeyer, S., Pisani, M., Knierim, U.

    The novelty of being handled during milking contributes to peripartum stress in dairy heifers with possibly adverse effects on their well-being and health. The present study investigated (1) heifers' behavioural responses to handling over the course of four standardized handling sessions and (2)...

  6. Effect of pre- and post-partum sow activity on maternal behaviour and piglet weight gain 24 h after birth

    | Contributor(s):: Illmann, G., Chaloupkova, H., Neuhauserova, K.

    Within the 24 h prior to parturition sows are active and motivated to perform nest-building behaviour. The aim of this study was to investigate: (i) whether pre-partum activity (e.g. nesting and postural changes) could predict maternal behaviour 24 h post-partum (pp) and weight gain 24 h pp, and...

  7. An exploratory study on the effects of a straw dispenser in farrowing crates

    | Contributor(s):: Bulens, A., Renders, L., Beirendonck, S. van, Thielen, J. van, Driessen, B.

    The effect of a straw dispenser in farrowing crates was investigated to determine the extent to which the provision of small quantities of straw has an influence on both sows and piglets. Sows and suckling piglets are often housed in barren environments with limited opportunities to show behavior...

  8. Development and testing of an on-farm welfare assessment protocol for dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Stubsjoen, S. M., Valle, P. S.

  9. Effects of different suckling systems on milk production, udder health, reproduction, calf growth and some behavioural aspects in high producing dairy cows - a review. (Special issue: Suckling)

    | Contributor(s):: Krohn, C. C.

    This article discusses the consequences of different suckling systems in industrial countries on milk production, udder health, reproduction and behaviour of high-producing dairy cows, and the effects on the gain, health and behaviour of the calves. The suckling systems are divided into three...

  10. Parsing the characteristics of a simulated udder to determine relative attractiveness to piglets in the 72 h following parturition

    | Contributor(s):: Toscano, M. J., Lay, D. C., Jr.

    Crushing of piglets by their sows in modern production systems is a tremendous financial loss to the swine industry and a topic of much research. Our lab had previously designed a "simulated udder" (SU) which successfully used several attractive stimuli that, when placed in the farrowing crate,...

  11. The effect of different degrees of 'positive' human-animal interaction during rearing on the welfare and subsequent production of commercial dairy heifers

    | Contributor(s):: Bertenshaw, C., Rowlinson, P., Edge, H., Douglas, S., Shiel, R.

    A 3-year study tested the hypotheses that brushing each heifer for 5 min per week in the weeks preceding calving (long term positive treatment: PT) while the heifers were unrestrained, is sufficient to improve subsequent parlour behaviour and production, and this could be influenced by the extent...

  12. Effect of human-animal relationship and management on udder health in Swiss dairy herds

    | Contributor(s):: Ivemeyer, S., Knierim, U., Waiblinger, S.

    In a cross-sectional study, we investigated the effects of human-animal interactions and management factors on udder health in 46 Swiss dairy herds living in loose-housing systems on farms that participated in the Swiss dairy farm network "pro-Q." The human-animal relationship was measured by...

  13. Factors of welfare reduction in dairy sheep and goats. (Special Issue: Criteria and methods for the assessment of animal welfare.)

    | Contributor(s):: Sevi, A., Casamassima, D., Pulina, G., Pazzona, A.

    Scientific research on factors causing the reduction of well-being in sheep and goats is rather recent, as are studies of strategies to minimize the adverse effects of environmental challenges and improper management practices on flock welfare. Sheep and goats, considered very rustic animals, are...

  14. The feeding behaviour of piglets reared on a surrogate udder

    | Contributor(s):: Jeppesen, L. E.

    Two surrogate sows were described: (1) a warm, spongy udder fitted with a row of babies' teats and part of a cylindrical body which could be lifted to cover the teats or lowered to expose the udder, (2) a row of large hemispherical unwarmed individual rubber udders, each of which included a...

  15. Behavior of the Murciano-Granadina goat in the hour before parturition

    | Contributor(s):: Ramirez, A., Quiles, A., Hevia, M., Sotillo, F.

    The preparturient behaviour of 90 Murciano-Granadina goats (33 of which had single and 57 twin births) was studied during the last hour before parturition. The goats were under free-stall management with access to an adjacent outdoor enclosure. The main activities performed by the goats in the...

  16. Functional view on udder massage after milk let-down in pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Spinka, M., Algers, B.

    It has been suggested that the function of final udder massage during nursing in pigs is to increase and/or regulate milk transfer. Using the analogy between udder massage and the begging behaviour of nestling birds, this suggestion is re-stated as 6 alternative hypotheses. Final massage may...

  17. Relationship between growth and non-nutritive massage in suckling pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Torrey, S., Widowski, T. M.

    Nursing in the domestic pig is a complex act comprised of five distinct phases. The fifth phase involves a lengthy massaging of the udder following milk ejection and is energetically costly to the piglet. Because of this cost, it is speculated that this massage functions as a form of begging that...

  18. Effect of suckling ('restricted suckling') on dairy cows' udder health and milk let-down and their calves' weight gain, feed intake and behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Froberg, S., Gratte, E., Svennersten-Sjaunja, K., Olsson, I., Berg, C., Orihuela, A., Galina, C. S., Garcia, B., Lidfors, L.

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of restricted suckling (RS) in Holstein cattle on the weight gain, health and behaviour of calves and on udder health and milk let-down in cows compared to artificial rearing (AR). The study was conducted in Mexico. The 27 cows with calves were...

  19. Prepartum udder massaging as a means for reduction of fear in primiparous cows at milking

    | Contributor(s):: Das, K. S., Das, N.

    Influence of varying frequencies of pre-partum udder massaging (45, 30 or 15 massaging sessions on alternate days during last trimester of pregnancy) on temperament score, milk letdown time, milk flow rate and frequency of urination and defaecation were observed in primiparous cows during first...

  20. Assessment of welfare and productive performance in dairy cows organically reared in plains or hilly areas

    | Contributor(s):: Martelli, G., Valla, H., Bucci, D., Zaghini, G., Vignola, G., Sardi, L.

    The aim of this study was to investigate several production parameters and the level of welfare of organic dairy cows kept in two different geographical and social contexts. The study group included 1,751 cows from 19 organic dairy farms, 11 of which were situated in hilly areas and 8 in plains...