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  1. A review of the humaneness of puntilla as a slaughter method

    Contributor(s):: Limon, G., Guitian, J., Gregory, N. G.

  2. GMOs and global justice: applying global justice theory to the case of genetically modified crops and food

    Contributor(s):: Toft, K. H.

  3. Can export-oriented aquaculture in developing countries be sustainable and promote sustainable development? The shrimp case

    Contributor(s):: Rivera-Ferre, M. G.

    Industrial shrimp farming has been promoted by international development and financial institutions in coastal indebted poor countries as a way to obtain foreign exchange earnings, reimburse external debt, and promote development. The promotion of the shrimp industry is a clear example of a more...

  4. Does the world need U.S. farmers even if Americans don't?

    Contributor(s):: Hendrickson, M. K., James, H. S., Jr., Heffernan, W. D.

    We consider the implications of trends in the number of U.S. farmers and food imports on the question of what role U.S. farmers have in an increasingly global agrifood system. Our discussion stems from the argument some scholars have made that American consumers can import their food more cheaply...

  5. Ethical analysis of the use of GM fish: emerging issues for aquaculture development. (Special Issue: Ethics and the politics of food.)

    Contributor(s):: Millar, K., Tomkins, S.

    Improvements in production methods over the last two decades have resulted in aquaculture becoming a significant contributor to food production in many countries. Increased efficiency and production levels are off-setting unsustainable capture fishing practices and contributing to food security,...

  6. Ethical issues related to food sector evolution in developing countries: about sustainability and equity. (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Fo

    Contributor(s):: Raoult-Wack, A. L., Bricas, N.

    After a century of major technical advance, essentially achieved by and for the industrialized countries, the evolution of the food sector in southern countries should no longer be thought of in terms of a "headlong pursuit." In the present context of demographic growth, urbanization, poverty and...

  7. Towards a 'One Health' research and application tool box. ('One Health - One Medicine': linking human, animal and environmental health)

    Contributor(s):: Zinsstag, J., Schelling, E., Bonfoh, B., Fooks, A. R., Kasymbekov, J., Waltner-Toews, D., Tanner, M.

    The 'One Medicine' concept by Calvin Schwabe has seen an unprecedented revival in the last decade and has evolved towards 'One Health' conceptual thinking, emphasising epidemiology and public health. Pathologists rightly recall the contribution of their discipline by close genomic relationship of...

  8. A biotechnological agenda for the Third World

    Contributor(s):: Goldstein, D. J.

    It is argued that Third World countries should exploit the genetic information stored in their flora and fauna to develop independent and highly competitive biotechnological and pharmaceutical industries. The necessary condition for this policy to succeed is the reshaping of their universities...

  9. Agricultural practices, ecology and ethics in the Third World

    Contributor(s):: Westra, L. S., Bowen, K. L., Behe, B. K.

    The increasing demand for horticultural products for nutritional and economic purposes by lesser developed countries (LDCs) is well documented. Technological demands of the LDCs producing horticultural products are also increasing. Pesticide use is an integral component of most agricultural...

  10. Biofuels: efficiency, ethics, and limits to human appropriation of ecosystem services

    Contributor(s):: Gomiero, T., Paoletti, M. G., Pimentel, D.

    Biofuels have lately been indicated as a promising source of cheap and sustainable energy. In this paper we argue that some important ethical and environmental issues have also to be addressed: (1) the conflict between biofuels production and global food security, particularly in developing...

  11. Ethical and political problems in Third World biotechnology

    Contributor(s):: Goldstein, D. J.

    Third World countries are not pursuing scientific and technological policies leading to the development of strong biotechnological industries. It is argued that their leaders have been misled into believing that modern biotechnological industries can be built in the absence of strong,...

  12. Practical and ethical considerations of agricultural research assistance for the Third World

    Contributor(s):: Gavora, J. S., Lister, E. E.

    The right to eat and to an adequate standard of living for everyone motivates agricultural research assistance to developing countries with the primary objective of assuring sufficient food supply. This paper focuses on aspects of food production and related agricultural research with specific...

  13. The livestock revolution, food safety, and small-scale farmers: why they matter to us all. (Special issue: Farm animal diseases in context)

    Contributor(s):: Hall, D. C., Ehui, S., Delgado, C.

    Global consumption, production, and trade of livestock products have increased rapidly in the last two decades and are expected to continue. At the same time, safety concerns regarding human and animal disease associated with livestock products are increasing. Efforts to increase public health...

  14. The very structure of scientific research does not mitigate against developing products to help the environment, the poor, and the hungry

    Contributor(s):: Beachy, R. N.

    This paper follows one by M. Crouch which puts the opposing view. The use of tissue culture to propagate disease-free plants in Vietnam and Zimbabwe is highlighted as an example of a low-tech product of biotechnology. Most research is published openly, training of developing country scientists...

  15. The very structure of scientific research mitigates against developing products to help the environment, the poor, and the hungry

    Contributor(s):: Crouch, M.

    This paper precedes one by R. N. Beachy, putting forward the contrary view. It is argued that genetic engineering should not be pursued as part of an agriculturally targeted research programme because it is inherently biased towards a reductionist, simplifying viewpoint which is inconsistent with...

  16. The world agricultural system and ethical considerations relating to the rural environment: some perspectives on cause and effect in underdeveloped countries

    Contributor(s):: Furze, B.

    Food is a basic human need and therefore a basic human right. While food output has increased to a level where there is enough food produced to feed the world, millions still face starvation. Using the concept of the capitalist world economy as a framework, this paper provides a structural...

  17. There is a conflict between intellectual property rights and the rights of farmers in developing countries

    Contributor(s):: Shand, H.

    This article precedes one putting the contrary view by S. B. Williams, Jr. It is argued that the debate extends to the future control of the world's food supply. Patent proposals at the General Agreement on Tarrifs and Trade, the World Intellectual Property Organization and at the European...

  18. There is not a conflict between intellectual property rights and the rights of farmers in developing countries

    Contributor(s):: Williams, S. B., Jr.

    This article follows one putting the contrary view by H. Shand. It is argued that intellectual property rights (IPR) stimulate plant breeding in developing countries. The perceived advantages and disadvantages of plant variety protection certificates, trade secrets and utility patents are...

  19. Improving the welfare of working equine animals in developing countries

    | Contributor(s):: Swann, W. J.

    Working equine animals are an essential source of power in agriculture and for urban and peri-urban transport in developing countries. Globally, working animals supply approximately 50% of agricultural power needs. The Brooke is a charity registered in the United Kingdom, which aims to improve...

  20. Relationships between behaviour and health in working horses, donkeys, and mules in developing countries

    | Contributor(s):: Burn, C. C., Dennison, T. L., Whay, H. R.

    Recent studies raise serious welfare concerns regarding the estimated 93.6 million horses, donkeys and mules in developing countries. Most equids are used for work in poor communities, and are commonly afflicted with wounds, poor body condition, respiratory diseases, parasites, dental problems,...