"Before, he fought every day with the horse and with me": reducing violence in a Guatemalan community through a horse-handling program
| Contributor(s):: J.L. Gibbons, C.A. Cunningham, L. Paiz, K.E. Poelker, M.A. Montufar Cardenas
Community and family violence are endemic in Guatemala. We evaluated the effectiveness of a horse-handling program to reduce violent attitudes and aggressive behavior. Eighteen community members who worked with horses in their daily lives (16 men, 2 women, ages 15 to 58) participated in four...
"I throw them out of here": the horse trade as phronetic action
| Contributor(s):: Schuurman, N.
Practices involving horses have become increasingly popular in the spheres of sport and leisure throughout the Western world, and the trade in selling horses has expanded. The horse is characteristically understood as a commodity to be bought and sold several times during its lifetime. What is...
"Riding up forested mountain sides, in wide open spaces, and with walls": developing an ecology of horse-human relationships
| Contributor(s):: Davis, D., Maurstad, A., Cowles, S.
"The illustrious stranger": hippomania and the nature of the exotic
| Contributor(s):: Flack, A. J. P.
#SaveBenjy: sexuality, queer animals, and Ireland
| Contributor(s):: McLoughlin, E.
This paper explores the #SaveBenjy Crowdfunder campaign to save a Charolais bull in the Republic of Ireland who expressed sexual interest only in weanling bulls and not the heifers he was expected to impregnate. The prominence and popularity of #SaveBenjy is anything but coincidental. In May...
'Goats that stare at men' - revisited: do dwarf goats alter their behaviour in response to eye visibility and head direction of a human?
| Contributor(s):: Nawroth, C., Borell, E. von, Langbein, J.
Being able to recognise when one is being observed by someone else is thought to be adaptive during cooperative or competitive events. In particular for prey species, this ability should be of use in the context of predation. A previous study reported that goats (Capra aegagrus hircus) alter...
A brief note on the information-seeking behavior of UK leisure horse owners
| Contributor(s):: Hockenhull, J., Creighton, E.
Equine welfare charities have identified the education of (primarily novice) horse owners as the principal route to tackling the majority of equine welfare problems in the United Kingdom. To reach and educate owners effectively, we must understand where they seek advice about issues that arise...
A close keeper-nonhuman animal distance does not reduce undesirable behavior in contact yard goats and sheep
| Contributor(s):: Anderson, U. S., Maple, T. L., Bloomsmith, M. A.
This study investigated the relation between zookeeper-nonhuman animal distance and the undesirable behaviour that goats and sheep exhibited toward visitors of Zoo Atlanta's (Georgia, USA) contact yard. It hypothesized that a close distance between keeper and animal would be associated with a...
A combination of behavioral and physiological indicators for assessing pig welfare on the farm
| Contributor(s):: Candiani, D., Salamano, G., Mellia, E., Doglione, L., Bruno, R., Toussaint, M., Gruys, E.
The purpose of this research was to identify pig welfare indicators that could help in recognizing stressful practices on farm. The study evaluated behavioral and physiological indicators (cortisol and negative acute phase proteins) in 2 groups of 20 female pigs 4 months old after a 48-hr...
A comparison of handling methods relevant to the religious slaughter of sheep
| Contributor(s):: Bates, L. S. W., Ford, E. A., Brown, S. N., Richards, G. J., Hadley, P. J., Wotton, S. B., Knowles, T. G.
Legislation governing non-stun slaughter of sheep in England requires that they are individually and mechanically restrained for slaughter and not moved for at least 20 s post neck cut, until unconsciousness or insensibility occurs. Complying with the need for individual handling, in what is a...
A comparison of the Monty Roberts technique with a conventional UK technique for initial training of riding horses
| Contributor(s):: Fowler, V., Kennedy, M., Marlin, D.
A Comparison of Zoo Animal Behavior in the Presence of Familiar and Unfamiliar People
| Contributor(s):: Martin, R. A., Melfi, V.
A continuous recording approach to qualitative behaviour assessment in dairy buffaloes ( Bubalus bubalis)
| Contributor(s):: Napolitano, F., Rosa, G. de, Serrapica, M., Braghieri, A.
In order to develop a method suitable for a continuous qualitative evaluation of animal behaviour while it changes during the observation period, two recently described techniques, the Qualitative Behaviour Assessment (QBA) and the Temporal Dominant Behavioural Expression (TDBE), derived by the...
A critical review of horse-related risk: a research agenda for safer mounts, riders and equestrian cultures
| Contributor(s):: Thompson, K., McGreevy, P., McManus, P.
While the importance of improving horse-related safety seems self-evident, no comprehensive study into understanding or reducing horse-related risk has been undertaken. In this paper, we discuss four dimensions of horse-related risk: the risk itself, the horse, the rider and the culture in which...
A cross-sectional epidemiological study of prevalence and severity of bit-induced oral trauma in polo ponies and race horses
| Contributor(s):: Mata, F., Johnson, C., Bishop, C.
Bit and bridle accessories improperly fitted in ridden horses can cause oral trauma such as bone spurs, commissure ulceration, and tongue lacerations. This study was used to identify, grade, and compare the types of oral traumas commonly found within polo ponies and race horses. Injuries were...
A cross-sectional study of horse-related injuries in veterinary and animal science students at an Australian university
| Contributor(s):: Riley, C. B., Liddiard, J. R., Thompson, K.
Specific estimates of the risk of horse-related injury (HRI) to university students enrolled in veterinary and animal sciences have not been reported. This study aimed to determine the risk of student HRI during their university education, the nature and management of such injuries. A...
A field assessment of the effect of pre-slaughter conditions and genetic-stress susceptibility on blood welfare indicators in pigs
| Contributor(s):: Guardia, M. D., Estany, J., Alvarez-Rodriguez, J., Manteca, X., Tor, M., Oliver, M. A., Gispert, M., Diestre, A.
A method for the economic valuation of animal welfare benefits using a single welfare score
| Contributor(s):: Bennett, R., Kehlbacher, A., Balcombe, K.
A modeling approach for estimating seasonal dietary preferences of goats in a Mediterranean Quercus frainetto-Juniperus oxycedrus woodland
| Contributor(s):: Manousidis, T., Malesios, C., Kyriazopoulos, A. P., Parissi, Z. M., Abraham, E. M., Abas, Z.
Goats are characterized as selective feeders due to their specific feeding behavior, thus the study of their seasonal preferences in a Mediterranean oak-juniper ecosystem is of great interest. The current research was conducted in an open oak forest in Megalo Dereio region, northeastern Greece...
A multi-institutional assessment of factors influencing locomotion and pacing in captive okapis ( Okapia johnstoni)
| Contributor(s):: Bennett, C., Torgerson-White, L., Fripp, D., Watters, J., Petric, A.
The okapi ( Okapia johnstoni), native to the Democratic Republic of Congo, is a large, solitary, and diurnal forest-dwelling ungulate highly sensitive to captive conditions. The captive population demonstrates persistent health problems, reproductive abnormalities, and several potentially...