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  1. A preliminary study of the effects of individual response to challenge tests and stress induced by humans on learning performance of weaned piglets (Sus scrofa)

    Contributor(s):: Brajon, S., Laforest, J. P., Schmitt, O., Devillers, N.

    This study investigated whether individual behavioural characteristics of piglets and stress induced by experience with humans can influence learning performance. After weaning, piglets received a chronic experience with humans to modulate their emotional state: rough (ROU), gentle (GEN), or...

  2. Identification and development of measures suitable as potential breeding traits regarding dairy cows' reactivity towards humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Ivemeyer, S., Rupp, J., Knierim, U.

    Behavioural indicators of the human-animal relationship (HAR) are predominantly used in animal welfare science. However, the reactivity of dairy cows - as part of the HAR - is also of interest in the context of dairy breeding, due to its estimated moderate heritability. The avoidance distance...

  3. Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human - an on-farm study

    | Contributor(s):: Mersmann, D., Schmied-Wagner, C., Nordmann, E., Graml, C., Waiblinger, S.

    The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...

  4. Evaluating the efficacy of equine therapy among at-risk youth: a meta-analysis

    | Contributor(s):: Wilkie, K. D., Germain, S., Theule, J.

    The present meta-analysis examined the efficacy of equine therapy among an at-risk youth population. Seven studies quantitatively assessed the treatment effects following involvement in an equine therapy program. The random effects model was used to aggregate each study into an overall effect...

  5. The impact of therapeutic riding for people with disabilities on variables related to mental health

    | Contributor(s):: Schneider, M. S., Harley, L. P.

    Substantial anecdotal evidence and some research indicate that therapeutic riding for people with disabilities has a positive impact on mental health. There is similar evidence showing that equine programs that include a psychotherapeutic component also have a positive impact. However, much of...

  6. The Human-Animal Interaction Scale: development and evaluation

    | Contributor(s):: Fournier, A. K., Berry, T. D., Letson, E., Chanen, R.

    The purpose of this study was to develop the Human–Animal Interaction Scale (HAIS) and evaluate its reliability and validity. The HAIS is a 24-item self-report instrument designed to describe and quantify behaviors performed by humans and nonhuman animals during an episode of interaction...

  7. Rural and urban students' perceptions of and attitudes toward brown bears in Turkey

    | Contributor(s):: Ambarli, H.

    Many studies have examined adults’ perceptions of and attitudes toward large carnivores to assess human–wildlife conflict and inform conservation strategies, but there have been few studies concerning children. I studied secondary school students’ perceptions of and attitudes...

  8. Are domestic pigs (Sus scrofa domestica) able to use complex human-given cues to find a hidden reward?

    | Contributor(s):: Nawroth, C., Ebersbach, M., Borell, E. von

    Understanding human-animal interactions in livestock production systems is crucial for improving animal welfare. It is therefore of general interest to investigate how livestock animals obtain information from humans. By using an object-choice paradigm, we investigated whether domestic pigs (Sus...

  9. Changing human-animal relationships in sport: an analysis of the UK and Australian horse racing whips debates

    | Contributor(s):: Graham, R., McManus, P.

    Changing social values and new technologies have contributed to increasing media attention and debate about the acceptable use of animals in sport. This paper focuses on the use of the whip in thoroughbred horse racing. Those who defend its use argue it is a necessary tool needed for safety,...

  10. Investigating the welfare, management and human-animal interactions of cattle in four Indonesian abattoirs

    | Contributor(s):: Doyle, R. E., Coleman, G. J., McGill, D. M., Reed, M., Ramdani, W., Hemsworth, P. H.

    This study reports novel information on the animal handling, management and human-animal interactions in Indonesian cattle abattoirs. The slaughter of 304 cattle was observed and there was a high percentage of re-stuns in all abattoirs (range: 8-18.9%) when compared to a variety of international...

  11. Test-retest reliability of the Welfare Quality animal welfare assessment protocol for growing pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Czycholl, I., Kniese, C., Buttner, K., Beilage, E. G., Schrader, L., Krieter, J.

    The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and test-retest reliability of the Welfare Quality Animal Welfare Assessment Protocol for Growing Pigs. Twenty-three German pig farms were visited repeatedly by the same trained observers; each farm being visited six times during two fattening...

  12. The associations between animal-based welfare measures and the presence of indicators of food safety in finishing pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Alpigiani, I., Bacci, C., Keeling, L. J., Salman, M. D., Brindani, F., Pongolini, S., Hitchens, P. L., Bonardi, S.

    Stressful housing and management practices affect animals, potentially increasing their receptiveness to pathogens. Since some pathogens do not lead to clinical signs of sickness, subclinical pigs could enter the food-chain, contaminating carcases and offal at slaughter, representing a threat to...

  13. 'Goats that stare at men' - revisited: do dwarf goats alter their behaviour in response to eye visibility and head direction of a human?

    | Contributor(s):: Nawroth, C., Borell, E. von, Langbein, J.

    Being able to recognise when one is being observed by someone else is thought to be adaptive during cooperative or competitive events. In particular for prey species, this ability should be of use in the context of predation. A previous study reported that goats (Capra aegagrus hircus) alter...

  14. Evidence of heterospecific referential communication from domestic horses (Equus caballus) to humans

    | Contributor(s):: Malavasi, R., Huber, L.

    Referential communication occurs when a sender elaborates its gestures to direct the attention of a recipient to its role in pursuit of the desired goal, e.g. by pointing or showing an object, thereby informing the recipient what it wants. If the gesture is successful, the sender and the...

  15. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...

  16. Does group size have an impact on welfare indicators in fattening pigs?

    | Contributor(s):: Meyer-Hamme, S. E. K., Lambertz, C., Gauly, M.

    Production systems for fattening pigs have been characterized over the last 2 decades by rising farm sizes coupled with increasing group sizes. These developments resulted in a serious public discussion regarding animal welfare and health in these intensive production systems. Even though large...

  17. A Comparison of Zoo Animal Behavior in the Presence of Familiar and Unfamiliar People

    | Contributor(s):: Martin, R. A., Melfi, V.

  18. Silvopastoral systems for sustainable animal production and the role of animal welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Broom, D.

  19. Human-animal interaction: productive impact on the dairy herd. CommunicationInteraccion humano-animal: impacto productivo en rodeos lecheros. Comunicacion

    | Contributor(s):: Martinez, G. M., Suarez, V. H., Bertoni, E. A.

  20. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...