Reasons for urban trail use predict levels of trail-related physical activity
Contributor(s):: Dunton, Genevieve Fridlund, Spruijt-Metz, Donna, Wolch, Jennifer, Chou, Chih-Ping, Jerrett, Michael, Byrne, Jason, Weaver, Susan, Reynolds, Kim D.
The urban dog. The human-dog relationship and their living together in towns
Contributor(s):: Ballarini, G.
Comparison of strength of the human-animal bond between Hispanic and non-Hispanic owners of pet dogs and cats
Contributor(s):: Schoenfeld-Tacher, R., Kogan, L. R., Wright, M. L.
Objective - To assess differences in strength of the human-animal bond between Hispanic and non-Hispanic owners and determine whether these variations were associated with differences in medical care for pets. Design - Survey. Sample Population - 419 pet owners presenting a dog or cat for...
Behavioural problems in dogs - a review
Contributor(s):: Srivastava, A. K.
Behaviour is the action due to the relationship between the animal and its environment. Behavioural responses are adaptive for survival. The behaviour includes all processes by which an individual senses the external world and the internal state of its body and responds to the change which it...
The youth and stray dogs: new figures of urban insecurity. (Varia No.9) [French]
Contributor(s):: Blanchard, C.
This article describes the situation of homeless youths and their dogs in the urban areas of France.
Behaviour of smaller and larger dogs: effects of training methods, inconsistency of owner behaviour and level of engagement in activities with the dog
Contributor(s):: Arhant, C., Bubna-Littitz, H., Bartels, A., Futschik, A., Troxler, J.
The owner's behaviour is regarded to be a possible cause of unfavourable behaviour such as poor obedience or excitability in smaller dogs. The aim of this study was to investigate whether owner behaviour such as use of training methods, inconsistency in the owner's behaviour or engagement...
A survey of dog populations in urban and rural areas of Yucatan, Mexico
Contributor(s):: Ortega-Pacheco, A., Rodriguez-Buenfil, J. C., Bolio-Gonzalez, M. E., Sauri-Arceo, C. H., Jimenez-Coello, M., Forsberg, C. L.
A survey in a major Mexican city (Merida) and three rural communities was conducted to generate information regarding the size and structure of the owned-dog populations and people's opinions about the dogs and how they took care of them. Household characteristics and dog population size, health...
Attitudes and activities related to urban wildlife: pet owners and non-owners
Contributor(s):: Bjerke, T., Ostdahl, T., Kleiven, J.
A survey on attitudes toward common urban animal species was conducted in Trondheim, Norway. 1500 residents were selected and given questionnaires. Owners of pet animals liked most of the 24 species included more than did non-pet owners. No differences were found between the 2 groups only for the...
Changing roles of dogs in urban African society: a South African perspective
Contributor(s):: McCrindle, C. M. E., Gallant, J., Cornelius, S. T., Schoeman, H. S.
In Southern Africa domesticated dogs date back to the Iron Age (circa 1430 BP). Mainly of the sight hound type, they were traditionally used for hunting. In some more pastoral societies they played a role in guarding stock. Dogs were expected to forage for food and there was no control over...
Homeless women's voices on incorporating companion animals into shelter services
Contributor(s):: Labrecque, J., Walsh, C. A.
The literature examining the relationship between homeless individuals and companion animals is scarce. To date there are only five published studies, none of which explore this issue within a Canadian context or from the perspectives of women living in homeless shelters. The benefits of...
The emergence of "pets as family" and the socio-historical development of pet funerals in Japan
Contributor(s):: Veldkamp, E.
Discussions on the popularity of pet animals in present day Japan tend to stress the position of pets in a family as resembling that of human family members. In this paper, I investigate this claim by analyzing the meanings that have been attributed to animal burial and pet graves in modern...
The impact of anthropogenic factors on the behavior, reproduction, management and welfare of urban, free-roaming cat populations
Contributor(s):: Finkler, H., Hatna, E., Terkel, J.
Free-roaming domestic cats constitute an integral part of many urban ecosystems worldwide; their presence results from undisturbed natural reproduction, abandonment by pet owners, and abundant food resources. These cats present controversial and emotional issues regarding management of their high...
Annual intake trends of a large urban animal rehabilitation centre in South Africa: a case study
Contributor(s):: Wimberger, K., Downs, C. T.
Each year, worldwide, large numbers of wild animals are taken to rehabilitation centres for treatment, care and release. Although analysis of intake records may provide valuable insight into the threats and impacts to wildlife, there are few such published reports. Four years of intake records...
Challenges and paradoxes in the companion-animal niche
Contributor(s):: McGreevy, P. D., Bennett, P. C.
By definition, the companion-animal niche demands merely that animals must provide companionship. At first glance, this may seem easy enough, but the forces that contribute to success in this niche are complex. Indeed, success as a companion is rarely measured in terms of biological fitness, and...
Toward a synthesis of conservation and animal welfare science. (Special Issue: Conservation and animal welfare.)
Contributor(s):: Fraser, D.
Conservation biology and animal welfare science are multidisciplinary fields of research that address social concerns about animals. Conservation biology focuses on wild animals, works at the level of populations, ecological systems and genetic types, and deals with threats to biodiversity and...
Ethics and animal welfare in wild primates
Contributor(s):: Oliveira, M. A. B. de
The concept of 'ethics' is usually applied, among primates, to humans only. This article argues that it should also be applied to non-human primates. Brazil is the 'guardian' of the most rich and diverse - and threatened - fauna of non-human primates in the world. Of 103...