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  1. Scientific and Ethical Issues in Exporting Welfare Findings to Different Animal Subpopulations: The Case of Semi-Captive Elephants Involved in Animal-Visitor Interactions (AVI) in South Africa

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Barbara de Mori, Elena Stagni, Linda Ferrante, Gregory Vogt, Keith A. Ramsay, Simona Normando

    Elephants are charismatic, cognitively highly-developed animals, whose management conditions can vary along a “wild–captive continuum.” Several protocols have been proposed for the assessment of zoo elephants’ welfare. It is important to investigate the possible...

  2. The relationship between working horse welfare and their owners' socio-economic status

    | Contributor(s):: Lanas, R., Luna, D., Tadich, T.

  3. One of the family? Measuring young adolescents' relationships with pets and siblings

    | Contributor(s):: Matthew T Cassels, Naomi White, Nancy Gee, Claire Hughes

    Pets are common but their importance to children and early adolescents has received scant empirical attention. This is partly due to a lack of tools for measuring child-pet relationships. The first aim of the present study (involving 77 12-year-olds) was to evaluate a pet adaptation of an...

  4. The Companion Animal Semantic Differential: Long and Short Form Reliability and Validity

    | Contributor(s):: Robert H. Poresky, Charles Hendrix, Jacob E. Mosier, Marvin L. Samuelson

  5. Human-Animal Relationship in Dairy Farming: Evaluation of measures for on-farm application and investigation of influences on cows´ behaviour towards humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Asja Ebinghaus

    The objective of the present thesis was (1) to evaluate measures of the human-animal relationship (HAR) in dairy cows regarding their reliability, validity and practical applicability in animal welfare science and breeding. (2) Moreover, important human and farm influences on the cows´...

  6. Third time's the charm or three strikes you're out? An updated review of the efficacy of dolphin-assisted therapy for autism and developmental disabilities

    | Contributor(s):: Marino, L., Lilienfeld, S. O.

  7. Validity aspects of behavioural measures to assess cows’ responsiveness towards humans

    | Contributor(s):: Schmitz, Laura, Ebinghaus, Asja, Ivemeyer, Silvia, Domas, Leonie, Knierim, Ute

    Different measures reflecting the cows’ behavioural responses towards humans are used for the assessment of the human–animal relationship (HAR). Besides the established avoidance distance (AD), different handling tests, such as the tolerance to tactile interaction (TTI), release behaviour after...

  8. Reliability and validity of a questionnaire survey in canine anxiety research

    | Contributor(s):: Tiira, Katriina, Lohi, Hannes

    Canine behavior can be assessed through behavioral testing or questionnaire surveys. Behavioral tests, often observed by independent experts, can provide objective data, but capture only a short behavioral sequence in a defined situation and are practical only for small study cohorts....

  9. Personality in felids: A review

    | Contributor(s):: Gartner, Marieke Cassia, Weiss, Alexander

    Although there has been an increase in felid personality research, much more work is needed, with only 20 published studies, 17 of which focused on the domestic cat. Most studies show important implications for this type of research, but there is no consensus on terminology, method, or...

  10. Who's afraid of the big bad glove? Testing for fear and its correlates in mink

    | Contributor(s):: Meagher, Rebecca K., Duncan, Ian, Bechard, Allison, Mason, Georgia J.

    Fear in farm animals is a welfare and economic concern. For Scandinavian mink, the “stick test” is common for assessing fearfulness: a spatula is inserted into the cage and minks’ immediate responses are noted. However, on Ontario farms, fearfulness in the stick test was very rare and aggressive...

  11. Validity of model devices used to assess canine temperament in behavioral tests

    | Contributor(s):: Barnard, Shanis, Siracusa, Carlo, Reisner, Ilana, Valsecchi, Paola, Serpell, James A.

    Temperament tests are widely accepted as instruments for profiling behavioral variability in dogs, and they are applied in numerous areas of investigation (e.g. suitability for adoption or for breeding). During testing, to elicit a dog's reaction toward novel stimuli and predict its behavior in...

  12. Reactivity to humans and fearfulness tests: Field validation in Polish Cold Blood Horses

    | Contributor(s):: Górecka-Bruzda, Aleksandra, Jastrzębska, Ewa, Sosnowska, Zofia, Jaworski, Zbigniew, Jezierski, Tadeusz, Chruszczewski, Michał H.

    The aim of the present paper was to examine in field conditions the feasibility of the experimentally developed behavioural tests for assessment of two temperamental traits of cold blood horses: fearfulness and reactivity to humans. The predictive, convergent and discriminant validity of the...

  13. How to measure dairy cows’ responsiveness towards humans in breeding and welfare assessment? A comparison of selected behavioural measures and existing breeding traits

    | Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, Asja, Ivemeyer, Silvia, Lauks, Vanessa, Santos, Laura, Brügemann, Kerstin, König, Sven, Knierim, Ute

    For dairy cattle breeding as well as animal welfare science reliability and validity issues regarding measures of cows’ responsiveness towards humans are relevant. The objective of this study was to investigate reliability and validity aspects of four selected behavioural measures at the feeding...

  14. Inconsistency in dairy calves’ responses to tests of fearfulness

    | Contributor(s):: Meagher, Rebecca K., von Keyserlingk, Marina A. G., Atkinson, Dax, Weary, Daniel M.

    Fear is an important welfare problem for farm animals, including cattle. A variety of methods of assessing fear have been proposed, but the reliability and validity of these methods, and ways of improving these characteristics, have received little study. We conducted a series of experiments to...

  15. Comparison of methods to assess fear of humans in commercial breeding gilts and sows

    | Contributor(s):: Powell, Candice, Hemsworth, Lauren M., Rice, Maxine, Hemsworth, Paul H.

    The aim of this study was to compare three behavioural tests to assess fear of humans in breeding gilts and sows in a commercial setting. Two hundred and thirty-two crossbred gilts and sows were studied and the tests were: HAT, behavioural response of sows individually held in an arena to a...

  16. Effect of training for dog fear identification on dog owner ratings of fear in familiar and unfamiliar dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Flint, Hannah E., Coe, Jason B., Pearl, David L., Serpell, James A., Niel, Lee

    Scientific studies often assess aspects of dog behaviour, such as fear, via owner reports. More information on how accurate these ratings are for dogs displaying different levels of fear would be valuable. The current study assessed which fear behaviours dog owners are able to reliably recognize...

  17. Development of an observational quantitative temperament test in three common parrot species

    | Contributor(s):: Coutant, Thomas, Bagur, Sophie, Gilbert, Caroline

    Although temperament has been studied in a wide range of animal species such as primates, dog or a rodents, it has not yet been well documented in birds and in particular in psittacids. Since parrots possess developed communicative and cognitive skills, the study of personality traits is of...

  18. A Systematic Review of the Reliability and Validity of Behavioural Tests Used to Assess Behavioural Characteristics Important in Working Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Karen Brady, Nina Cracknell, Helen Zulch, Daniel Simon Mills

    Background: Working dogs are selected based on predictions from tests that they will be able to perform specific tasks in often challenging environments. However, withdrawal from service in working dogs is still a big problem, bringing into question the reliability of the selection tests...

  19. A glimpse at the future of animal-assisted interventions: Selected commentaries

    | Contributor(s):: Turner, Dennis C., Rowan, Andrew N., Herzog, Harold, McCune, Sandra, Kruger, Katherine A., Griffin, James A., Esposito, Layla, Freund, Lisa S., Bures, Regina, Hurley, Karyl J., Gee, Nancy R., Fine, Aubrey H.

  20. Validation of a structured questionnaire as an instrument to measure chronic pain in dogs on the basis of effects on health-related quality of life

    | Contributor(s):: Wiseman-Orr, M. L., Scott, E. M., Reid, J., Nolan, A. M.