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  1. How do horses appraise humans' actions? A brief note over a practical way to assess stimulus perception

    Contributor(s):: Baragli, P., Gazzano, A., Martelli, F., Sighieri, C.

    Heart rate (HR) is considered to be an effective tool for assessing animals' emotional response to a stimulus. We investigated changes in HR during a series of handling procedures (grooming test) in horses that had different experiences of human interaction. We used four groups of horses: grazing...

  2. Effect of dietary fibre type on physical activity and behaviour in kennelled dogs

    Contributor(s):: Bosch, G., Beerda, B., Hoek, E. van de, Hesta, M., Poel, A. F. B. van der, Janssens, G. P. J., Hendriks, W. H.

    Dog diets may differ in their effectiveness of maintaining satiety after a meal. Consequently, sensations of hunger, feeding motivation, physical activity, and sensitivity to environmental stressors may be increased. Dietary fibre may be effective in prolonging postprandial satiety depending on...

  3. Maternal protective behaviour of German Angus and Simmental beef cattle after parturition and its relation to production traits

    Contributor(s):: Hoppe, S., Brandt, H. R., Erhardt, G., Gauly, M.

    A total of 390 German Angus (Aberdeen Angus x German dual-purpose breeds) and Simmental cows were tested in seven consecutive years (2000-2006) for maternal protective behaviour which was assessed by categorizing behavioural response of the dams during earmarking their calves. The test was...

  4. Difficulty of cross-country obstacles for horses competing in three day events

    Contributor(s):: Stachurska, A., Pieta, M., Ussing, A. P., Kapron, A., Kwiecinska, N.

    The objective of the study was to determine which cross-country obstacles are more difficult for eventing horses. Jumping scores were considered in terms of the horse's reaction to novelty and to the fearfulness of novel objects which are the fences situated in novel terrain. The data concerned...

  5. Effect of broody hens on behaviour of chicks

    Contributor(s):: Shimmura, T., Kamimura, E., Azuma, T., Kansaku, N., Uetake, K., Tanaka, T.

    The objective of the present study was to examine the details of dynamic changes of behaviour of brooded and non-brooded chicks at an early age, the effects of broody hens on the behavioural development and fearfulness of chicks and the correlation between maternal care and fearfulness of chicks,...

  6. The use of blended positive and negative reinforcement in shaping the halt response of horses ( Equus caballus )

    Contributor(s):: Warren-Smith, A. K., McGreevy, P. D.

    Twenty horses were paired for age, sex and breed and placed into one of two groups. The horses in Group A (control) were reinforced using only negative reinforcement (NR) while those in group B (treatment) were reinforced with both positive reinforcement (PR) and NR concurrently. All horses were...