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Tags: vertebrates

All Categories (101-120 of 1831)

  1. A dermatologist's viewpoint on the significance of the human-animal bond in practice

    Contributor(s):: Liska, D. A.

  2. Behavior questions and answers

    Contributor(s):: Horwitz, D. F.

  3. Feline aggression directed toward people: causes and treatment

    Contributor(s):: Horwitz, D. F.

  4. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...

  5. International Society for Anthrozoology (ISAZ) 2016. Exploring human-animal interactions: a multidisciplinary approach from behavioral and social sciences, Barcelona, Spain, 7-10 July 2016. Proceedings

    This work contains abstracts of 61 conference papers on the regulatory, behavioural and welfare aspects of human-animal interactions.

  6. Introduction

    Contributor(s):: Hall, S., Dolling, L., Bristow, K., Fuller, T., Mills, D.

    This chapter introduces the report, which describes the animal and human health costs and benefits impact of pets in the UK.

  7. Service dogs in the hospital: helpful or harmful? A case report and clinical recommendations

    Contributor(s):: Pellegrino, L. D., Cerimele, J. M., Dubovsky, A. N.

  8. Positive and negative gestational handling influences placental traits and mother-offspring behavior in dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Mulligan, J., Hall, S. A., Donbavand, J. E., Palme, R., Aldujaili, E., Zanella, A. J., Dwyer, C. M.

    Dairy animals are subjected to a number of potential stressors throughout their lives, including daily interactions with humans. The quality of these interactions may have direct consequences for the animal undergoing the experience, but if such events occur during gestation it may also affect...

  9. Exploring the existence and potential underpinnings of dog-human and horse-human attachment bonds

    Contributor(s):: Payne, E., Dearaugo, J., Bennett, P., McGreevy, P.

    This article reviews evidence for the existence of attachment bonds directed toward humans in dog-human and horse-human dyads. It explores each species' alignment with the four features of a typical attachment bond: separation-related distress, safe haven, secure base and proximity seeking. While...

  10. Owners' direct gazes increase dogs' attention-getting behaviors

    Contributor(s):: Ohkita, M., Nagasawa, M., Kazutaka, M., Kikusui, T.

    This study examined whether dogs gain information about human's attention via their gazes and whether they change their attention-getting behaviors (i.e., whining and whimpering, looking at their owners' faces, pawing, and approaching their owners) in response to their owners' direct gazes. The...

  11. Behavioral responses of nursing home residents to visits from a person with a dog, a robot seal or a toy cat

    Contributor(s):: Thodberg, K., Sorensen, L. U., Videbech, P. B., Poulsen, P. H., Houbak, B., Damgaard, V., Keseler, I., Edwards, D., Christensen, J. W.

    Previous studies suggest that contact with dogs can positively affect the wellbeing of elderly people in nursing homes, but there is a lack of research investigating the causal pathways of these effects. One such pathway may relate to the behavioral responses of the elderly when interacting with...

  12. The impact of therapeutic riding for people with disabilities on variables related to mental health

    Contributor(s):: Schneider, M. S., Harley, L. P.

    Substantial anecdotal evidence and some research indicate that therapeutic riding for people with disabilities has a positive impact on mental health. There is similar evidence showing that equine programs that include a psychotherapeutic component also have a positive impact. However, much of...

  13. Justice for all? Children's moral reasoning about the welfare and rights of endangered species

    Contributor(s):: Ruckert, J. H.

    This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental shift...

  14. Animal ethics profiling of vegetarians, vegans and meat-eaters

    Contributor(s):: Lund, T. B., McKeegan, D. E. F., Cribbin, C., Sandoe, P.

    The aims of this study were to identify the animal ethical profile of vegetarians, vegans, and meat-eaters. Using questionnaire data collected in 2013 (n=356), we measured propensity to subscribe to five different positions within animal ethics based on a novel measure of animal ethical stance...

  15. Living with the beast: wolves and humans through Portuguese literature

    Contributor(s):: Lopes-Fernandes, M., Soares, F., Frazao-Moreira, A., Queiroz, A. I.

    This paper explores representations of wolves in Portuguese literature using an anthropological framework to analyze perceptions, beliefs, knowledge, and practices. From a literary corpus compilation, 262 excerpts from 68 works that made reference to wolves were classified by grid analysis into...

  16. Social dominance and legitimizing myths about animal use

    Contributor(s):: Jackson, L. M., Gibbings, A.

    The present study tested the hypothesis that the relation between social dominance orientation and the endorsement of legitimizing myths about the human use of nonhuman animals is moderated by the salience of that use. Eighty-two student participants read an article about agriculture that focused...

  17. Overweight and obese pet owners: respondent and pet characteristics in the rural Midwestern United States

    Contributor(s):: Heuberger, R. A., Garner, J. A., Corby, A., DeWitt, K., Sluis, R. vander

    The obesity epidemic has impacted both people and pets in the rural Midwestern United States (MWUS). Tailoring health advice to the socio-demographic characteristics and dietary patterns of owners and their pets can help promote adherence to health behavior changes for owners and foster health...

  18. Behavioral and self-report measures influencing children's reported attachment to their dog

    Contributor(s):: Hall, N. J., Liu, JingWen, Kertes, D., Wynne, C. D. L.

    Despite the prevalence of dogs as family pets and increased scientific interest in canine behavior, few studies have investigated characteristics of the child or dog that influence the child-dog relationship. In the present study, we explored how behavioral and some self-report measures influence...

  19. Animal humanness, animal use, and intention to become ethical vegetarian or ethical vegan

    Contributor(s):: Diaz, E. M.

    The present study used relational and predictive approaches to build on past literature examining humanlike animal attributes. From the relational approach, it examined how five humanlike attributes ascribed to animals (Attributes Questionnaire) relate to one another and to attitudes toward 21...

  20. Interaction with shelter dogs reduces negative affect of adolescents in substance use disorder treatment

    Contributor(s):: Ellsworth, L. M., Tragesser, S., Newberry, R. C.

    We investigated the effectiveness of a human-animal interaction program, involving dogs from an animal shelter, in improving affect of adolescent males in inpatient treatment for substance use disorder (SUD). We hypothesized that adolescents would experience improvements in affect and attitudes...