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  1. The effect of demonstrator social rank on the attentiveness and motivation of pigs to positively interact with their human caretakers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Luna, D., Gonzalez, C., Byrd, C. J., Palomo, R., Huenul, E., Figueroa, J.

    In this study, we addressed the social attentiveness, as well as the phenomenon of social facilitation and inhibition in the context of a positive human–pig relationship. Specifically, we investigated whether the social rank of an experienced pig (termed “demonstrator”) has an...

  2. Perceptions and attitudes towards mules in a group of soldiers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lagos, J., Rojas, M., Rodrigues, J. B., Tadich, T.

    Working equids play an essential role in the livelihoods of millions of families around the world. The way people, especially their caretakers, perceive them affects attitudes towards them and consequently their welfare. This study aimed to understand the perceptions and attitudes of soldiers...

  3. The psychosocial influence of companion animals on positive and negative affect during the COVID-19 pandemic

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kogan, L. R., Currin-McCulloch, J., Bussolari, C., Packman, W., Erdman, P.

    The initial months of COVID-19 forced people to quickly adapt to dramatic changes to their daily lives. As a result of the inevitable decrease in access to social support available during the lockdown phase of COVID-19, countless individuals relied upon their companion dogs and cats. Given the...

  4. "Don't bring me a dog...I'll just keep it": understanding unplanned dog acquisitions amongst a sample of dog owners attending canine health and welfare community events in the United Kingdom

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Holland, K. E., Mead, R., Casey, R. A., Upjohn, M. M., Christley, R. M.

    Understanding the factors that result in people becoming dog owners is key to developing messaging around responsible acquisition and providing appropriate support for prospective owners to ensure a strong dog–owner bond and optimise dog welfare. This qualitative study investigated factors...

  5. Is there a profile of spontaneous seizure-alert pet dogs? A survey of French people with epilepsy

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Catala, A., Latour, P., Cousillas, H., Hausberger, M., Grandgeorge, M.

    Despite controversies and the lack of research, dogs are empirically selected and trained to perform as service dogs, in relation to the dogs’ and future owners’ characteristics. We assessed the characteristics of both humans and dogs in an unbiased population (not selected or...

  6. On-farm testing of dairy calves' avoidance response to human approach effects of sex, age and test order

    | Contributor(s):: Ellingsen-Dalsjau, K., Dean, K. R., Rousing, T.

  7. Why were New World rabbits not domesticated?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Somerville, A. D., Sugiyama, N.

    2021 Animal Frontiers 11 3 62-68 2160-6056 10.1093/af/vfab026 English Department of World Languages and Cultures, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, USA.asomervi@iastate.edu text

  8. Origin of the domestic chicken from modern biological and zooarchaeological approaches

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Eda, M.

  9. Miniature horse training (Equus caballus) for use in equine assisted therapy, according to equine learning theory

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rocha Medeiros, B. da, Silva, M. M. da, Zanette, P. R. K., Claus, M. P., Cardoso, J.

    Successful and safe Equine Assisted Therapy (EAT) relies on proper horse training. Two inexperienced trainers applied Equine Learning Theory on three miniature horses destined for use in EAT, under the supervision of an experienced horse trainer. This six-month program included the following...

  10. Incidence and impact of dog attacks on guide dogs in the UK: an update

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Moxon, R., Whiteside, H., England, G. C. W.

    Data on dog attacks on Guide Dogs’ stock were reviewed to investigate the characteristics of the attacks. An average of 11.2 attacks occurred each month. Nearly all of the attacks occurred in public areas, 68.4 per cent of victim dogs were qualified guide dogs and 55.5 per cent of victim...

  11. Using the incidence and impact of health conditions in guide dogs to investigate healthy ageing in working dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Caron-Lormier, G., England, G. C. W., Green, M. J., Asher, L.

    This study aimed to use retirement data from working guide dogs to investigate healthy ageing in dogs and the demographic factors that influence ageing. Using a dataset of 7686 dogs spanning 20 years, dogs withdrawn for health reasons before they reached retirement were identified. Cases of...

  12. A new metric for quantifying the relative impact of risk factors on loss of working life illustrated in a population of working dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Caron-Lormier, G., Harvey, N. D., England, G. C. W., Asher, L.

    In a resource-limited world, organisations attempting to reduce the impact of health or behaviour issues need to choose carefully how to allocate resources for the highest overall impact. However, such choices may not always be obvious. Which has the biggest impact? A large change to a small...

  13. Test-retest reliability and predictive validity of a juvenile guide dog behavior test

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Harvey, N. D., Craigon, P. J., Sommerville, R., McMillan, C., Green, M., England, G. C. W., Asher, L.

    The ability to measure stable and consistent behavioral traits in dogs would facilitate selection and assessment of working dogs, such as guide dogs. Ideally, these measures should predict suitability for the working role from a young age. This study assessed test-retest reliability of a...

  14. Aspects of juvenile and adolescent environment predict aggression and fear in 12-month-old guide dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Serpell, J. A., Duffy, D. L.

    Maturational changes in behavior, and the possible influence of the puppy-raising environment on behavioral development, were investigated in a total sample of 978 prospective guide dogs belonging to four different breeds/crosses. All dogs belonged to the same guide dog organization, and had...

  15. Protein expression and genetic variability of canine Can f 1 in golden and Labrador retriever service dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Breitenbuecher, C., Belanger, J. M., Levy, K., Mundell, P., Fates, V., Gershony, L., Famula, T. R., Oberbauer, A. M.

    Background: Valued for trainability in diverse tasks, dogs are the primary service animal used to assist individuals with disabilities. Despite their utility, many people in need of service dogs are sensitive to the primary dog allergen, Can f 1, encoded by the Lipocalin 1 gene (LCN1). Several...

  16. The impact of COVID on cat guardians: veterinary issues

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kogan, L. R., Erdman, P., Currin-McCulloch, J., Bussolari, C., Packman, W.

    The onset of COVID has impacted the field of veterinary medicine and the lives of cat guardians in numerous ways, yet the subject remains largely unexplored. The purpose of this study was to better understand cat guardians' fears and concerns pertaining to veterinary care and obtainment of...

  17. The cohabitation of humans and urban cats in the anthropocene: the clash of welfare concepts

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jaros, F.

    Urban environments are inhabited by several types of feline populations, which we can differentiate as feral cats, free-roaming pets, and confined pets. Due to a shift in the cultural representation of cats from pest controllers to companion animals, cats living semi-independently of humans are...

  18. Locking down the impact of New Zealand's COVID-19 alert level changes on pets

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Esam, F., Forrest, R., Waran, N.

    The influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on human-pet interactions within New Zealand, particularly during lockdown, was investigated via two national surveys. In Survey 1, pet owners (n = 686) responded during the final week of the five-week Alert Level 4 lockdown (highest level of restrictions -...

  19. Risk factors for aggression in adult cats that were fostered through a shelter program as kittens

    | Contributor(s):: O'Hanley, K. A., Pearl, D. L., Niel, L.

    Aggressive behaviour in cats is a threat to human and animal safety and can also impact cat welfare if breakdown of the human-animal bond leads to neglect, relinquishment or euthanasia. The influence of both early and adult management factors on aggressive behaviour in cats was examined by...

  20. Evaluating stress in riding horses: part one - behavior assessment and serum cortisol

    | Contributor(s):: Hovey, M. R., Davis, A., Chen, S., Godwin, P., Porr, C. A. S.

    Stress can impact the health and well-being of animals negatively. Behavioral and physiological changes, particularly serum cortisol, offer objective and easy-to-use methods of evaluating stress in horses. However, limited studies support a positive relationship between changes in...