Animal-assisted activity improves social behaviors in psychiatrically hospitalized youth with autism
Contributor(s):: Germone, M. M., Gabriels, R. L., Guérin, N. A., Pan, Z., Banks, T., O'Haire, M. E.
Effects of Video Footage Versus Photographs on Perception of Dog Behavioral Traits
Contributor(s):: Pyzer, Chloe, Clarke, Lucy, Montrose, V. Tamara
Photographs are frequently used to promote adoption of dogs on rescue shelter websites. While physical traits are well illustrated via photographs, conveying a dog's behavioral traits is more problematic. Traits such as sociability, obedience, and friendliness are likely to be better displayed...
Creating Public Awareness of How Goats Are Reared and Milk Produced May Affect Consumer Acceptability
Contributor(s):: Musto, Mauro, Cardinale, Daniele, Lucia, Pietro, Faraone, Daniela
This study evaluated whether showing a video of the different ways of raising goats for milk affected consumer acceptability. Four combinations, 2 Videos (intensive [INT] and semiextensive [SEM] system) × 2 Milk Types (semiskimmed [S] and whole [W] milk), were evaluated by 70 habitual consumers...
Use of video system and its effects on abnormal behaviour in captive Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata)
Contributor(s):: Ogura, Tadatoshi
Although nonhuman primates have highly developed visual cognitive abilities, they have few opportunities to exert such abilities in captivity. Video presentation can reproduce multiple features of the complex, real, visual world. Therefore, video presentation can be expected to act as...
Engagement in elderly persons with dementia attending animal-assisted group activity
Contributor(s):: Olsen, C., Pedersen, I., Bergland, A., Enders-Slegers, M. J., Ihlebaek, C.
Perception of Cats: Assessing the Differences Between Videos and Still Pictures on Adoptability and Associated Characteristics
| Contributor(s):: Regina Schoenfeld-Tacher, Lori R. Kogan, Patrick C. Carney
While animal shelters have made significant progress in reducing the number of euthanized dogs and cats, millions of unclaimed pets are still euthanized every year. Cats, in particular, face bleak prospects, with ~70% of those that enter animal shelters euthanized. Many factors influence...
Identification and development of measures suitable as potential breeding traits regarding dairy cows' reactivity towards humans
| Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Ivemeyer, S., Rupp, J., Knierim, U.
Behavioural indicators of the human-animal relationship (HAR) are predominantly used in animal welfare science. However, the reactivity of dairy cows - as part of the HAR - is also of interest in the context of dairy breeding, due to its estimated moderate heritability. The avoidance distance...
Strong souls, gentle spirits
| Contributor(s):: Patricia Iris Maureen Caffin
The documentary Strong Souls, Gentle Spirits is a film that combines the aspects of truthful documentary filmmaking but also incorporates filmmaking techniques and the filmmaker's involvement common to traditional narrative films. The main theme of the documentary centers on overcoming...
Touching and Gesture Exchange as an Element of Emotional Bond Construction. Application of Visual Sociology in the Research on Interaction between Humans and Animals
| Contributor(s):: Krzysztof Tomasz Konecki
The article analyse the problem of human - animals bond creation. The analysis of video - recordings was used to beserve the gesture exchange between animals and humans. The grounded theory was used to analyse visuality of the emotional bond creation.
Creating Automated Interactive Video Playback for Studies of Animal Communications
| Contributor(s):: Trisha Butkowski
Video playback is a technique used to study the visual communication and behaviors of animals. While video playback is a useful tool, most experiments lack the ability for the visual stimulus to interact with the live animal. The limited number of experiments involving interactive video playback...
Stability in children with cerebral palsy...Hong Kong Physiotherapy Association Conference, 3-4 October 2015, Hong Kong
| Contributor(s):: Prakash, R. Harihara, Jayachandran, R.
Effects of stocking rate on measures of efficacy and welfare during argon gas euthanasia of weaned pigs
| Contributor(s):: Fiedler, K. J., Parsons, R. L., Sadler, L. J., Millman, S. T.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of chamber stocking rate on facets of animal welfare and efficacy during euthanasia of weaned pigs ( Sus scrofa domesticus) with argon gas. Two hundred and thirty-three weaned pigs designated for euthanasia at a commercial production farm...
Making the case for developing alternative lameness scoring systems for dairy goats
| Contributor(s):: Vieira, A., Oliveira, M. D., Nunes, T., Stilwell, G.
Lameness is a behavioural indicator of pain that negatively affects dairy ruminants' health and welfare. Lameness is generally assessed by subjective methods, based on the observation of the animal's behaviour, using numerical rating scales (NRSs) - the most common scoring system - and visual...
Short-term ante-calving handling of dairy heifers in relation to heifers' behaviour and udder health after parturition
| Contributor(s):: Ivemeyer, S., Pisani, M., Knierim, U.
The novelty of being handled during milking contributes to peripartum stress in dairy heifers with possibly adverse effects on their well-being and health. The present study investigated (1) heifers' behavioural responses to handling over the course of four standardized handling sessions and (2)...
Here, Ansel! Sit, Avedon!
| Contributor(s):: Green, Penelope
Effects of under- and overstocking freestalls on dairy cattle behaviour
| Contributor(s):: Winckler, C., Tucker, C. B., Weary, D. M.
Freestall availability affects cattle behaviour and most studies in this area have focused on overstocking. We studied the effects of three levels of stall availability, including both over- and understocking on the time budgets and agonistic interactions in 36 dairy cattle in four stable groups....
"Do not choose as I do!" - Dogs avoid the food that is indicated by another dog's gaze in a two-object choice task
| Contributor(s):: Balint, A., Farago, T., Meike, Z., Lenkei, R., Miklosi, A., Pongracz, P.
Family dogs successfully follow human-given cues in a two-object choice test. However, whether this ability has any roots in dog-dog visual communication, has been seldom investigated. We designed a test where a video-projected, life-sized dog 'demonstrator' provided directional cues for the...
On interviewing people with pets: reflections from qualitative research on people with long-term conditions
| Contributor(s):: Ryan, S., Ziebland, S.
There is mounting evidence that pets are associated with physiological, psychological and social benefits for humans. Much of this research has come from western countries, where there have been consistent calls for greater engagement with pet ownership and health. Drawing on a secondary...
Dustbathing behavior: do ectoparasites matter?
| Contributor(s):: Vezzoli, G., Mullens, B. A., Mench, J. A.
A presumed function of dustbathing behavior is to remove ectoparasites. Providing dustbathing substrates in furnished cages for laying hens might therefore offer an alternative to pesticide use to reduce ectoparasite populations. We investigated the effectiveness of dustbathing substrates for...