Engagement in elderly persons with dementia attending animal-assisted group activity
Contributor(s):: Olsen, C., Pedersen, I., Bergland, A., Enders-Slegers, M. J., Ihlebaek, C.
Perception of Cats: Assessing the Differences Between Videos and Still Pictures on Adoptability and Associated Characteristics
| Contributor(s):: Regina Schoenfeld-Tacher, Lori R. Kogan, Patrick C. Carney
While animal shelters have made significant progress in reducing the number of euthanized dogs and cats, millions of unclaimed pets are still euthanized every year. Cats, in particular, face bleak prospects, with ~70% of those that enter animal shelters euthanized. Many factors influence...
Identification and development of measures suitable as potential breeding traits regarding dairy cows' reactivity towards humans
| Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Ivemeyer, S., Rupp, J., Knierim, U.
Behavioural indicators of the human-animal relationship (HAR) are predominantly used in animal welfare science. However, the reactivity of dairy cows - as part of the HAR - is also of interest in the context of dairy breeding, due to its estimated moderate heritability. The avoidance distance...
Strong souls, gentle spirits
| Contributor(s):: Patricia Iris Maureen Caffin
The documentary Strong Souls, Gentle Spirits is a film that combines the aspects of truthful documentary filmmaking but also incorporates filmmaking techniques and the filmmaker's involvement common to traditional narrative films. The main theme of the documentary centers on overcoming...
Touching and Gesture Exchange as an Element of Emotional Bond Construction. Application of Visual Sociology in the Research on Interaction between Humans and Animals
| Contributor(s):: Krzysztof Tomasz Konecki
The article analyse the problem of human - animals bond creation. The analysis of video - recordings was used to beserve the gesture exchange between animals and humans. The grounded theory was used to analyse visuality of the emotional bond creation.
Creating Automated Interactive Video Playback for Studies of Animal Communications
| Contributor(s):: Trisha Butkowski
Video playback is a technique used to study the visual communication and behaviors of animals. While video playback is a useful tool, most experiments lack the ability for the visual stimulus to interact with the live animal. The limited number of experiments involving interactive video playback...
Are observer ratings influenced by prescription? A comparison of Free Choice Profiling and Fixed List methods of Qualitative Behavioural Assessment
| Contributor(s):: Clarke, T., Pluske, J. R., Fleming, P. A.
Qualitative methods of behavioural assessment use observer rating scales to score the overall demeanour or body language of animals. Establishing the reliability of such holistic approaches requires test and validation of the methods used. Here, we compare two methodologies used in Qualitative...
Stability in children with cerebral palsy...Hong Kong Physiotherapy Association Conference, 3-4 October 2015, Hong Kong
| Contributor(s):: Prakash, R. Harihara, Jayachandran, R.
The effects of food-related environmental complexity on litter directed behaviour, fear and exploration of novel stimuli in young broiler chickens
| Contributor(s):: Pichova, K., Nordgreen, J., Leterrier, C., Kostal, L., Moe, R. O.
Stimulation of foraging behaviour during the first weeks of life by increasing environmental complexity such as scattering food items on the litter may be one way of preventing leg disorders, reducing fear and improving broiler welfare. However, studies on effects of access to various food based...
Use of Qualitative Behaviour Assessment as an indicator of welfare in donkeys
| Contributor(s):: Minero, M., Costa, E. dalla, Dai, F., Murray, L. A. M., Canali, E., Wemelsfelder, F.
One of the objectives of the Animal Welfare Indicators project was to develop animal-based indicators to assess donkey welfare, including their emotional state. This study aimed to develop a fixed rating scale of Qualitative Behaviour Assessment (QBA) for donkeys, to evaluate the inter-observer...
Effects of stocking rate on measures of efficacy and welfare during argon gas euthanasia of weaned pigs
| Contributor(s):: Fiedler, K. J., Parsons, R. L., Sadler, L. J., Millman, S. T.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of chamber stocking rate on facets of animal welfare and efficacy during euthanasia of weaned pigs ( Sus scrofa domesticus) with argon gas. Two hundred and thirty-three weaned pigs designated for euthanasia at a commercial production farm...
Making the case for developing alternative lameness scoring systems for dairy goats
| Contributor(s):: Vieira, A., Oliveira, M. D., Nunes, T., Stilwell, G.
Lameness is a behavioural indicator of pain that negatively affects dairy ruminants' health and welfare. Lameness is generally assessed by subjective methods, based on the observation of the animal's behaviour, using numerical rating scales (NRSs) - the most common scoring system - and visual...
Short-term ante-calving handling of dairy heifers in relation to heifers' behaviour and udder health after parturition
| Contributor(s):: Ivemeyer, S., Pisani, M., Knierim, U.
The novelty of being handled during milking contributes to peripartum stress in dairy heifers with possibly adverse effects on their well-being and health. The present study investigated (1) heifers' behavioural responses to handling over the course of four standardized handling sessions and (2)...
Here, Ansel! Sit, Avedon!
| Contributor(s):: Green, Penelope
Effects of under- and overstocking freestalls on dairy cattle behaviour
| Contributor(s):: Winckler, C., Tucker, C. B., Weary, D. M.
Freestall availability affects cattle behaviour and most studies in this area have focused on overstocking. We studied the effects of three levels of stall availability, including both over- and understocking on the time budgets and agonistic interactions in 36 dairy cattle in four stable groups....
"Do not choose as I do!" - Dogs avoid the food that is indicated by another dog's gaze in a two-object choice task
| Contributor(s):: Balint, A., Farago, T., Meike, Z., Lenkei, R., Miklosi, A., Pongracz, P.
Family dogs successfully follow human-given cues in a two-object choice test. However, whether this ability has any roots in dog-dog visual communication, has been seldom investigated. We designed a test where a video-projected, life-sized dog 'demonstrator' provided directional cues for the...
On interviewing people with pets: reflections from qualitative research on people with long-term conditions
| Contributor(s):: Ryan, S., Ziebland, S.
Dustbathing behavior: do ectoparasites matter?
| Contributor(s):: Vezzoli, G., Mullens, B. A., Mench, J. A.
A presumed function of dustbathing behavior is to remove ectoparasites. Providing dustbathing substrates in furnished cages for laying hens might therefore offer an alternative to pesticide use to reduce ectoparasite populations. We investigated the effectiveness of dustbathing substrates for...
Ethical issues concerning the public viewing of media broadcasts of animal cruelty
| Contributor(s):: Tiplady, C. M., Walsh, D. B., Phillips, C. J. C.
Undercover filming is a method commonly used by animal activist groups to expose animal cruelty and it is important to consider the effects of publically releasing video footage of cruel practices on the viewers' mental health. Previously, we reported that members of the Australian public were...