Novelty exploration, baseline cortisol level and fur-chewing in farm mink with different intensities of stereotypic behaviour
Contributor(s):: Svendsen, Pernille M., Palme, Rupert, Malmkvist, Jens
The present study aimed to examine the extent to which abnormal behaviours, stereotypic behaviour and fur-chewing, commonly used indicators of reduced welfare, are interrelated and linked to other welfare indicators in mink. Three groups were used based on behavioural observations, mink with no...
How environmental enrichment affects behavioral and glucocorticoid responses in captive blue-and-yellow macaws (Ara ararauna)
Contributor(s):: de Almeida, Ana Claudia, Palme, Rupert, Moreira, Nei
Captive animals are susceptible to chronic stress due to restricted space, lack of hiding places, presence of visitors, or the lack of resources that promote physical and mental stimuli. In birds, chronic stress can promote stereotypes, self-mutilation, feather picking, chewing on cage bars and...
Taking it out on the dog: psychological and behavioral correlates of animal abuse proclivity
Contributor(s):: Parfitt, C., Alleyne, E.
There is a lack of research examining the criminogenic factors related to animal abuse perpetrated by adults, despite the high prevalence of this type of offending. A correlational study examining the factors related to two types of animal abuse proclivity was used. We found that childhood animal...
Without stress at the veterinarian: make the visit in the veterinary practice cat-friendlyOhne Stress sum Tierarzt: Den Besuch in der Tierarztpraxis katzenfreundlich gestalten
Contributor(s):: Melchers, V.
This article describes how to reduce stress in cats presented at animal hospitals for routine and medical procedures.
Prevention of undesirable behaviors in cats
The Swedish Swan Lady: reaction to an apparent animal hoarding case
Contributor(s):: Svanberg, I., Arluke, A.
This study describes media and judicial reaction to the first publicly acknowledged case of animal hoarding in Sweden-a 60-year-old Swedish woman who purportedly "rescued" 150 swans over several years by bringing many back to her one-room apartment. Reports in the press and social media reflected...
Abnormal behaviour and behavioural problems in stabled horses and their relationship to horse welfare: a comparative review.
Contributor(s):: G.j. Mason, J. Cooper
Many behaviours in domestic animals, such as the ‘stable vices’ of horses, are treated because they are considered undesirable for economic or cultural reasons, and not because the activity affects the horse’s quality of life. The impact of a behaviour on the human reporter is...
Why do pets misbehave and what can be done about it?
Contributor(s):: Mills, G.
What makes a crime?: the perceived harmfulness, wrongfulness, and seriousness of offenses against nonhuman animals
Contributor(s):: Wagner, K., Owen, S., Burke, T. W.
The purpose of this research was to explore the perceived seriousness of crimes, such as abuse and neglect, committed against nonhuman animals. Drawing upon the methods of previous work on crime seriousness, it was hypothesized that perceptions of the harmfulness and wrongfulness of animal...
#SaveBenjy: sexuality, queer animals, and Ireland
Contributor(s):: McLoughlin, E.
This paper explores the #SaveBenjy Crowdfunder campaign to save a Charolais bull in the Republic of Ireland who expressed sexual interest only in weanling bulls and not the heifers he was expected to impregnate. The prominence and popularity of #SaveBenjy is anything but coincidental. In May...
When love bites: understanding complex human-animal bonds
Contributor(s):: Shaw, J. K.
Effects of visual contact with zoo visitors on black-capped capuchin welfare
Contributor(s):: Sherwen, S. L., Harvey, T. J., Magrath, M. J. L., Butler, K. L., Fanson, K. V., Hemsworth, P. H.
Previous research has suggested that the presence of zoo visitors may be stressful for various primate species, and visual contact with visitors may be the sensory stimuli that mediate visitor effects. We studied a group of black-capped capuchins, Cebus apella, in a controlled experiment,...
Effects of prepartum housing environment on abnormal behaviour, the farrowing process, and interactions with circulating oxytocin in sows
Contributor(s):: Yun, JinHyeon, Swan, K. M., Oliviero, C., Peltoniemi, O., Valros, A.
We evaluated the effects on sows of prepartum housing environment on bar-biting (BB) behaviour prior to parturition, farrowing duration from first to tenth piglets, litter size, and circulating oxytocin (OT) concentrations during birth of the first five piglets. A total of 35 sows, approximately...
Social housing of non-human primates in a research facility: socialisation across macaque species and sexes
Contributor(s):: Rehrig, A., DiVincenti, L., Jr., Schery, L. A.
Refinement of social housing practices is paramount to improving animal welfare in laboratory environments, especially with regard to non-human primates. Even though social housing of the same species should be considered the optimal paradigm, cynomolgus ( Macaca fascicularis) and rhesus macaques...
Abnormal behavior in caged birds kept as pets
Contributor(s):: Hoek, C. S. van, Cate, C. ten
There are a limited number of studies dealing with abnormal behavior in caged birds kept as pets. However, these studies demonstrate the presence of abnormal behavior in both songbirds and parrots. Ethological studies on these birds, as well as studies on domestic and zoo birds, indicate that...
Behavioral abnormalities in captive nonhuman primates
Contributor(s):: Avanti, Mallapur, Choudhury, B. C.
In this study, we dealt with 11 species of non-human primates across 10 zoos in India. We recorded behaviour as instantaneous scans between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. In the study, we segregated behaviours for analyses into abnormal, undesirable, active, and resting. The 4 types of abnormal behaviour...
Combination therapy reduces self-injurious behavior in a chimpanzee ( Pan troglodytes troglodytes ): a case report
Contributor(s):: Bourgeois, S. R., Vazquez, M., Brasky, K.
Self-injurious behavior (SIB) remains a severe and intractable abnormal behavior for nonhuman primates in diverse settings and is a significant concern for veterinarians and behavioral scientists. To date, no single pharmacological, behavioral, social, or environmental intervention method has...
Comparison of remote versus in-person behavioral consultation for treatment of canine separation anxiety
Contributor(s):: Cottam, N., Dodman, N. H., Moon-Fanelli, A. A., Patronek, G. J.
To investigate the validity of remote consultation for treatment of canine separation anxiety, this study compared the efficacy of 2 types of behavioral services offered by Tufts Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine (TCSVM): (a) "PetFax," a remote consultation service in which dog caregivers...
Distressed animal behaviors and some recommendations for improvements at the Kuala Lumpur Zoo, Malaysia
Contributor(s):: Amber, Haque
The artificial living conditions of captive animals present numerous challenges for animal caretakers. In this study I explored abnormal behaviors in certain caged animals at the Kuala Lumpur Zoo. Findings obtained from observations of animals and interviews of the zoo staff are followed by...