Description and evaluation of a canine volunteer blood donor program
Contributor(s):: DeLuca, L. A., Glass, S. G., Johnson, R. E., Burger, M.
Human volunteer blood donor programs are commonplace, but the concept of nonhuman animal blood banking is relatively new. Few studies exist regarding efficacy, donor screening, and safety for volunteer companion animals. This retrospective study evaluated a nonprofit, community-based canine...
Hydration state of goats transported by road for 12 hours during the hot-dry conditions and the modulating role of ascorbic acid
Contributor(s):: Minka, S. N., Ayo, J. O.
This study investigated the effects of 12 hr of road transportation during the hot-dry conditions and the modulating role of ascorbic acid (AA) on the hydration state of goats. Twenty goats who served as treatment goats received oral administration of 100 mg/kg body weight of AA, whereas another...
The effect of investigator disturbance on egg laying, chick survival and fledging mass of short-tailed shearwaters (Puffinus tenuirostris) and little penguins (Eudyptula minor)
Contributor(s):: Vertigan, C., McMahon, C. R., Andrews-Goff, V., Hindell, M. A.
ANXITANE® tablets reduce fear of human beings in a laboratory model of anxiety-related behavior
| Contributor(s):: Araujo, J. A., Rivera, C. de, Ethier, J. L., Landsberg, G. M., Denenberg, S., Arnold, S., Milgram, N. W.
Anxiety and fear are common underlying factors in many canine behavior problems that impair the human–pet bond and often result in abandonment, relinquishment, or euthanasia. A combination of behavioral and pharmacological interventions is used to ameliorate the behavioral signs...
Space allowances for confined livestock and their determination from allometric principles
| Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. C., Phillips, C. J. C.
The amount of space provided to animals governs important elements of their behaviour and, hence, is critical for their health and welfare. We review the use of allometric principles and equations to estimate the static space requirements of animals when standing and lying, and the space required...
Treatment of separation anxiety in dogs with clomipramine: results from a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, multicenter clinical trial
| Contributor(s):: King, J. N., Simpson, B. S., Overall, K. L., Appleby, D., Pageat, P., Ross, C., Chaurand, J. P., Heath, S., Beata, C., Weiss, A. B., Muller, G., Paris, T., Bataille, B. G., Parker, J., Petit, S., Wren, J.
The efficacy and tolerability of clomipramine in the treatment of separation anxiety in dogs was tested in a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, international multicentre clinical trial. For a diagnosis of separation anxiety, dogs had to exhibit at least one...
Effects of mulesing and alternative procedures to mulesing on the behaviour and physiology of lambs
| Contributor(s):: Hemsworth, P. H., Barnett, J. L., Karlen, G. M., Fisher, A. D., Butler, K. L., Arnold, N. A.
Mulesing involves the surgical removal of skin adjacent to the perineum and tail without anaesthesia or analgesia in lambs. This procedure was developed to reduce the risk of flystrike (cutaneous myiasis) around the perineum. Alternative interventions to mulesing have historically been...
An investigation into the effect of floor colour on the behaviour of the horse
| Contributor(s):: Hall, C. A., Cassaday, H. J.
Adverse reactions of the domestic horse to environmental stimuli can be problematic in training and management. Hesitation and alarm reactions to visual features of the ground can occur in both ridden work and when handling horses. To assess the effect of one visual feature (colour) on the...
A note on behavioural responses of farm animals to ultrasound
| Contributor(s):: Algers, B.
Horses, cattle, swine, sheep and poultry all reacted to ultrasound from a device used to clear rats from buildings. Most animals were drawn towards the sound at first and then turned away and kept their ears pointing away from the sound. Poultry showed the least reaction. The device is considered...
An evaluation of the suitability of contraceptive methods in golden-headed lion tamarins ( Leontopithecus chrysomelas ), with emphasis on Melengestrol acetate (MGA) implants: (I) effectiveness, reversibility and medical side-effects
| Contributor(s):: Vleeschouwer, K. de, Leus, K., Elsacker, L. van
Finding a responsible method of population control that does not compromise animal welfare is a pressing problem for zoological institutions and conservation breeding programmes. This is exemplified by the conservation breeding programme of the golden-headed lion tamarin. The number of...
Classifying the severity of scientific animal use: a review of international systems
| Contributor(s):: Fenwick, N., Ormandy, E., Gauthier, C., Griffin, G.
Severity classification systems (ie pain scales, categories of invasiveness, degrees of severity etc) are used to classify the adverse effects experienced by animals used for scientific purposes. Currently, eleven countries use severity classification systems. These systems have developed in...
Effect of positive reinforcement training on physiological and behavioural stress responses in the hamadryas baboon ( Papio hamadryas )
| Contributor(s):: O'Brien, J. K., Heffernan, S., Thomson, P. C., McGreevy, P. D.
Behavioural and salivary cortisol responses were measured in hamadryas baboons (Papio hamadryas) (n=5) undergoing positive reinforcement training (PRT). Compliance was assessed by collecting behavioural data on desirable and undesirable responses during each training session (33-46 training...
Genomic dairy cattle breeding: risks and opportunities for cow welfare
| Contributor(s):: Mark, T., Sandoe, P.
The aim of this paper is to discuss the potential consequences of modern dairy cattle breeding for the welfare of dairy cows. The paper focuses on so-called genomic selection, which deploys thousands of genetic markers to estimate breeding values. The discussion should help to structure the...
The humaneness of rodent pest control
| Contributor(s):: Mason, G., Littin, K. E.
Time budgets and adrenocortical activity of cows milked in a robot or a milking parlour: interrelationships and influence of social rank
| Contributor(s):: Lexer, D., Hagen, K., Palme, R., Troxler, J., Waiblinger, S.
Adrenocortical activity and time budgets in a robotic milking system in two variants of cow traffic (partially forced, free) were compared with a conventional milking system, focusing on the relationships between adrenocortical activity, time budgets, and social rank of the cows. Both groups were...