You are here: Home / Tags / Africa + ACP Countries / All Categories

Tags: Africa + ACP Countries

All Categories (1-20 of 33)

  1. Behavioural response of pure Ankole and crossbred (Ankole * Holstein) cows to seasonal pasture variations in south-western Uganda

    Contributor(s):: Idibu, J., Kabi, F., Mpairwe, D.

    This study evaluated the effects of season and pasture species on variations in sward composition, pasture quantity (plant-height and biomass) and quality [crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD)]. Behavioural responses of a group of 10...

  2. A multi-institutional assessment of factors influencing locomotion and pacing in captive okapis ( Okapia johnstoni)

    Contributor(s):: Bennett, C., Torgerson-White, L., Fripp, D., Watters, J., Petric, A.

    The okapi ( Okapia johnstoni), native to the Democratic Republic of Congo, is a large, solitary, and diurnal forest-dwelling ungulate highly sensitive to captive conditions. The captive population demonstrates persistent health problems, reproductive abnormalities, and several potentially...

  3. Pet owners' perception and satisfaction of surgery services and outcomes at the Ashanti Regional Veterinary Clinic, Kumasi, Ghana

    Contributor(s):: Eyarefe, O., Emikpe, B., Dei, D.

    Aim: To study pet owners' perception of surgery services and client satisfaction in Ghana in order to improve the quality of surgery services. Method: Self-administered questionnaires were administered to owners of pets that were presented for surgery at the Ashanti Region Veterinary Clinic...

  4. Human rights against land grabbing? A reflection on norms, policies, and power

    Contributor(s):: Wisborg, P.

    Large-scale transnational land acquisition of agricultural land in the global south by rich corporations or countries raises challenging normative questions. In this article, the author critically examines and advocates a human rights approach to these questions. Mutually reinforcing, policies,...

  5. Land acquisitions in Tanzania: strong sustainability, weak sustainability and the importance of comparative methods

    Contributor(s):: Purdon, M.

    This paper distinguished different analytical approaches to the evaluation of the sustainability of large-scale land acquisitions - at both the conceptual and methodological levels. First, at the conceptual level, evaluation of the sustainability of land acquisitions depends on what definition of...

  6. Special Issue: Ethical aspects of large-scale land acquisition in developing countries

    Contributor(s):: Voget-Kleschin, L., Ott, K.

    This special issue aims at investigating large-scale land acquisitions (LaSLA) from an ethical perspective. It encompasses four case studies, namely the case of Limphasa Sugar Corporation in Malawi, financed by a Malawian and some British Investors; Chinese-based land-acquisitions in Cambodia; a...

  7. Stakeholders' perceptions of GM technology in West Africa: assessing the responses of policymakers and scientists in Ghana and Nigeria

    Contributor(s):: Adenle, A. A.

    The perception of two key stakeholders such as policymakers and scientists on genetic modification (GM) technology was examined in Ghana and Nigeria using semi-structured interviews. A total sample of 20 policymakers (16 at ministries and 4 at parliament/cabinet) and 58 scientists (43 at research...

  8. The political economy of land grabs in Malawi: investigating the contribution of limphasa sugar corporation to rural development

    Contributor(s):: Chinsinga, B., Chasukwa, M., Zuka, S. P.

    Though a recent phenomenon, land grabs have generated considerable debate that remains highly polarized. In this debate, one view presents land deals as a path to sustainable and transformative rural development through capital accumulation, infrastructural development, technology transfer, and...

  9. Local tolerance of hyena attacks in east Hararge Region, Ethiopia

    Contributor(s):: Baynes-Rock, M.

  10. Nigeria's response to the impacts of climate change: developing resilient and ethical Adaptation options

    Contributor(s):: Onyekuru, N. A., Marchant, R.

  11. Farmers' perceptions of livestock, agriculture, and natural resources in the rural Ethiopian highlands

    Contributor(s):: Tschopp, R., Aseffa, A., Schelling, E., Zinsstag, J.

    Increasing human and livestock populations in Ethiopia are leading to a growing demand for food and feed. Cereal cropping is highly prioritized at the cost of the livestock subsector and the environment. Grazing land is decreasing, leading to overstocking and overgrazing of pastures, thus fueling...

  12. Predicting spatial aspects of human-elephant conflict

    Contributor(s):: Sitati, N. W., Walpole, M. J., Smith, R. J., Leader-Williams, N.

    Human-elephant conflict (HEC) in Africa occurs wherever these two species coincide, and poses serious challenges to wildlife managers, local communities and elephants alike. Mitigation requires a detailed understanding of underlying patterns and processes. Although temporal patterns of HEC are...

  13. Environmental implications of the erosion of cultural taboo practices in Awka-South local government area of Anambra State, Nigeria: 1. Forests, trees, and water resource preservation

    Contributor(s):: Anoliefo, G. O., Isikhuemhen, O. S., Ochije, N. R.

    Cultural taboos and their sanctions have helped to check abuse of the environment at least among the local people. The disregard for these traditional checks and balances especially among Christians has adversely affected their enforcement at this time. The environment and culture preservation in...

  14. Potential of corporate social responsibility for poverty alleviation among contract sugarcane farmers in the Nzoia Sugarbelt, Western Kenya

    Contributor(s):: Waswa, F., Netondo, G., Maina, L., Naisiko, T., Wangamati, J.

    This study examines the potential of corporate social responsibility for poverty alleviation among contract sugarcane farmers in the Nzoia Sugarbelt,Western Kenya. Although contract sugarcane farming is the most dominant and popular land use among farmers in Nzoia Sugarbelt, results from a 2007...

  15. Effects of economic downturns on mortality of wild African elephants

    Contributor(s):: Wittemyer, G.

    Declines in economic activity and associated changes in human livelihood strategies can increase threats of species overexploitation. This is exemplified by the effects of economic crises, which often drive intensification of subsistence poaching and greater reliance on natural resources. Whereas...

  16. Human behavior influences infectious disease emergence at the human-animal interface

    Contributor(s):: Alexander, K. A., McNutt, J. W.

    Although human behavior is frequently cited as a factor influencing the emergence of disease at the human-animal interface, few empirical studies have demonstrated this relationship. We compare humans and their domestic animals living in close proximity to populations of the endangered African...

  17. Behavioural responses of cattle to shared foraging with wild herbivores in an East African rangeland

    Contributor(s):: Odadi, W. O., Okeyo-Owuor, J. B., Young, T. P.

    We assessed whether prior foraging by wild herbivores affected foraging behaviour of cattle in Laikipia rangeland, Kenya, during February 2001, August 2001 and February 2002. The study compared cattle bite rate, step rate and bites per step in plots exclusively accessible to cattle and those...

  18. Correlates of self-directed and stereotypic behaviours in captive red-capped mangabeys ( Cercocebus torquatus torquatus )

    Contributor(s):: Reamer, L., Tooze, Z., Coulson, C., Semple, S.

    The quantification of behaviours linked to anxiety or stress provides a powerful means to address applied questions related to the well-being of captive animals. This study explored correlates of two such behaviours - self-directed (SDB) and stereotypic behaviour (STB) - among captive red-capped...

  19. The use of differentially corrected global positioning system to monitor activities of cattle at pasture

    Contributor(s):: Schlecht, E., Hulsebusch, C., Mahler, F., Becker, K.

    Global positioning system (GPS) technology is increasingly applied in livestock science to monitor pasture use and tracking routes, and is often combined with equipment for monitoring animal activity. As GPS data are referenced in time and space, it is hypothesised that parameters derived there...

  20. Demography and dog-human relationships of the dog population in Zimbabwean communal lands

    Contributor(s):: Butler, J. R. A., Bingham, J.

    Dogs are Zimbabwe's primary vector for rabies, and the majority live in communal lands (traditional agropastoralist rural areas). In 1994, a household questionnaire survey was conducted to provide baseline data on the demography and dog-human relationships of the dogs in the communal lands. The...