Pet dog management practices among a representative sample of owners in Victoria, Australia
Contributor(s):: Howell, T. J., Mornement, K., Bennett, P. C.
It is often assumed that pet dogs experience better welfare than livestock production animals because many owners consider them to be members of the family and, collectively, spend billions of dollars on them annually. However, this assumption is not based on scientific evidence, and a...
Welfare outcomes for 3- and 6-month-old beef calves in a tropical environment castrated surgically or by applying rubber rings
Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. C., Small, A. H., Reid, D. J., Colditz, I. G., Ferguson, D. M.
Castration of cattle using rubber rings is becoming increasingly popular due to the perceived ease of the procedure and greater operator safety when compared with surgical castration. Few comparative studies have investigated the effects of different castration methods and calf age on welfare...
Assessment of severity and progression of canine cognitive dysfunction syndrome using the CAnine DEmentia Scale (CADES)
Contributor(s):: Madari, A., Farbakova, J., Katina, S., Smolek, T., Novak, P., Weissova, T., Novak, M., Zilka, N.
Cognitive dysfunction syndrome (CDS) represents a group of symptoms related to the aging of the canine brain. These changes ultimately lead to a decline of memory function and learning abilities, alteration of social interaction, impairment of normal housetraining, changes in sleep-wake cycle and...
Farm animal welfare and children: a preliminary study building an attitude scale and evaluating an intervention
Contributor(s):: Lakestani, N., Aguirre, V., Orihuela, A.
Children are future consumers; they will impact future animal welfare standards. This pilot study evaluated a nonhuman animal welfare education program, building a farm animal attitude questionnaire for 8- to 10-year-old children. The educational material focused on the behaviors and needs of...
Assessing companion dog behavior in a social setting
Contributor(s):: Roth, Lina S. V., Jensen, Per
Do you see what i see? Can non-experts with minimal training reproduce expert ratings in behavioral assessments of working dogs?
Contributor(s):: Fratkin, J. L., Sinn, D. L., Thomas, S., Hilliard, S., Olson, Z., Gosling, S. D.
Working-dog organizations often use behavioral ratings by experts to evaluate a dog's likelihood of success. However, these experts are frequently under severe time constraints. One way to alleviate the pressure on limited organizational resources would be to use non-experts to assess dog...
Canine detection of hypoglycaemic episodes whilst driving
Contributor(s):: Tauveron, I., Delcourt, I., Desbiez, F., Somda, F., Thieblot, P.
Non-invasive detection of hypoglycaemia using a novel, fully biocompatible and patient friendly alarm system
Contributor(s):: Chen, M., Daly, M., Williams, N., Williams, S., Williams, C., Williams, G.
Seizure response dogs: evaluation of a formal training program
Contributor(s):: Kirton, A., Winter, A., Wirrell, E., Snead, O. C.
Three different coping styles in police dogs exposed to a short-term challenge
Contributor(s):: Horvath, Z., Igyarto, B. Z., Magyar, A., Miklosi, A.
Current attitudes toward, and incidence of, sterilization of cats and dogs by caregivers (owners) in Auckland, New Zealand
Contributor(s):: McKay, S. A., Farnworth, M. J., Waran, N. K.
This study distributed a questionnaire to cat or dog caregivers (owners) throughout Auckland, New Zealand, to investigate the attitudes of human companions toward the sterilization of their cats and dogs and the degree to which this occurs relative to demographic information gathered. A total of...
Use of PVC conduits by rats of various strains and ages housed singly and in pairs
Contributor(s):: Galef, B. G., Jr., Sorge, R. E.
This study observed the frequency with which laboratory rats (Rattus norvegicus) entered polyvinylchloride (PVC) conduits placed in their cages to provide environmental enrichment. The use of PVC conduits by Norway rats varied with subjects' strain, age, sex and housing condition. Adult male...
Barking in home alone suburban dogs ( Canis familiaris) in New Zealand
Contributor(s):: Flint, E. L., Minot, E. O., Stevenson, M., Perry, P. E., Stafford, K. J.
The aim of this study was to establish expected average parameters for barking in normal suburban dogs in New Zealand (defined as dogs with no history of problem or nuisance barking) that are left alone for 8 hours during the day, with indoor/outdoor access, and are walked daily. Parameters...
Clinical feasibility of cognitive testing in dogs ( Canis lupus familiaris)
Contributor(s):: Heckler, M. C. T., Tranquilim, M. V., Svicero, D. J., Barbosa, L., Amorim, R. M.
Several cognitive tests have been developed to evaluate specific aspects of human and animal learning and memory. These tests have been used for early detection of cognitive deficits and to monitor the treatment of dogs with cognitive impairment. Thus, this article evaluated the feasibility of...
Development of a novel paradigm for the measurement of olfactory discrimination in dogs ( Canis familiaris): a pilot study
Contributor(s):: Salvin, H. E., McGrath, C., McGreevy, P. D., Valenzuela, M. J.
Olfactory dysfunction in older human beings has been shown to be associated with an increased risk of cognitive decline, yet age-related changes in olfactory behavior have received little attention in the dog model of human aging. We developed an odor habituation and fine odor discrimination...
Interpretation of dog behavior by children and young adults
Contributor(s):: Lakestani, N. N., Donaldson, M. L., Waran, N.
This study investigates people's ability to interpret dog behavior. Inability to interpret dog behavior correctly may be a factor contributing to young children's higher likelihood of being bitten by dogs. Children (4- to 10-year-olds) and adults (total n=550) watched videos of dogs displaying...
Obstacles and anticipated problems with acquiring assistance dogs, as expressed by Japanese people with physical disabilities
Contributor(s):: Yamamoto, M., Hart, L. A., Ohta, M., Matsumoto, K., Ohtani, N.
In western countries, such as the United States and the United Kingdom, many people with disabilities benefit from the help their assistance dogs provide. In contrast, assistance dogs have not become widespread in Japan. This study explores the perspectives of Japanese people with disabilities,...
The effect of breed on age-related changes in behavior and disease prevalence in cognitively normal older community dogs, Canis lupus familiaris
Contributor(s):: Salvin, H. E., McGreevy, P. D., Sachdev, P. S., Valenzuela, M. J.
Variation in breed longevity in the dog has led to the inference that large dogs age at a faster rate than small dogs, possibly because of an increased oxidative load. Potential differences in behavioral aging (the rate of age-related decline in cognito-behavioral performance) across breeds...
The quality of life of pet dogs owned by elderly people depends on the living context, not on the owner's age
Contributor(s):: Pitteri, E., Mongillo, P., Adamelli, S., Bonichini, S., Marinelli, L.
Social and physical changes associated with human aging may influence the characteristics of the relationship between dogs and their owners and ultimately pets' quality of life. In view of the need of data on this aspect, this study examined the effects of owners' age on the quality of life of...
Investigation into the value of trained glycaemia alert dogs to clients with type I diabetes
Contributor(s):: Rooney, N. J., Morant, S., Guest, C.