Dogs recognize dog and human emotions
Contributor(s):: Albuquerque, N., Guo, Kun, Wilkinson, A., Savalli, C., Otta, E., Mills, D.
The perception of emotional expressions allows animals to evaluate the social intentions and motivations of each other. This usually takes place within species; however, in the case of domestic dogs, it might be advantageous to recognize the emotions of humans as well as other dogs. In this...
Dos and don'ts of canine interaction: importance of responsible ownership
Contributor(s):: Green, E.
Behaviour of pre-pubertal gilts and its relationship to farrowing behaviour in conventional farrowing crates and loose-housed pens
Contributor(s):: Ison, S. H., Wood, C. M., Baxter, E. M.
Individual variation in the reproductive performance of sows has the potential for greater negative impacts in loose-farrowing systems. Therefore, the ability to select gilts that will perform well would be a major advantage. This study investigated the behaviour of gilts during pre-pubertal...
"Before, he fought every day with the horse and with me": reducing violence in a Guatemalan community through a horse-handling program
Contributor(s):: Gibbons, J. L., Cunningham, C. A., Paiz, L., Poelker, K. E., Cardenas, M. A. M.
Community and family violence are endemic in Guatemala. We evaluated the effectiveness of a horse-handling program to reduce violent attitudes and aggressive behavior. Eighteen community members who worked with horses in their daily lives (16 men, 2 women, ages 15 to 58) participated in four...
Considering companion animals an examination of companion animal policies in California domestic violence shelters
Contributor(s):: Komorosky, D., Woods, D. R., Empie, K.
A growing body of literature has shown the link between domestic violence and animal cruelty, resulting in a shift in the way family violence and those who are victims of abuse are considered. There are approximately 700 shelters across the nation protecting women and their children from domestic...
His bark is worse than his bite: perceptions and rationalization of canine aggressive behavior
Contributor(s):: Orritt, R., Gross, H., Hogue, T.
Qualitative methods are increasingly used to investigate the complexities of the dog-human relationship. In order to inform a larger study of human dog interaction, a focus group study was carried out to address the question 'How is aggressive behavior in dogs perceived and rationalized by people...
Pet relinquishment: preventing the biggest problems resulting in pets losing their homes
Contributor(s):: Feyrecilde, M.
Analysis of the phenotypic link between behavioural traits at mixing and increased long-term social stability in group-housed pigs
Contributor(s):: Desire, S., Turner, S. P., D'Eath, R. B., Doeschl-Wilson, A. B., Lewis, C. R. G., Roehe, R.
Mixing of growing pigs results in aggressive contests between group members. As aggression serves to establish dominance relationships, it is possible that increased initial aggression may facilitate the formation of social hierarchies. The objective of the study was to investigate whether there...
Comparison of the behaviour of piglets raised in an artificial rearing system or reared by the sow
Contributor(s):: Rzezniczek, M., Gygax, L., Wechsler, B., Weber, R.
Over the last 15 years, rising sow fertility has led to a considerable increase in litter size. As a consequence, the number of live born piglets may outnumber the number of functional teats, and surplus piglets are removed from the sow at the age of 3-6 days and fed with artificial milk. The...
Consistency in European seabass coping styles: a life-history approach
Contributor(s):: Ferrari, S., Millot, S., Leguay, D., Chatain, B., Begout, M. L.
Recent years have seen a growth of interest in the consistent differences in individual behaviour over time and contexts constituting the so-called "individual coping styles". An understanding of this inter-individual variation is essential to improve our knowledge of the adaptive value of...
Effects of stage of gestation at mixing on aggression, injuries and stress in sows
Contributor(s):: Stevens, B., Karlen, G. M., Morrison, R., Gonyou, H. W., Butler, K. L., Kerswell, K. J., Hemsworth, P. H.
Confinement of breeding sows to stalls is a controversial welfare issue, and there is a worldwide move to house gestating sows in groups. We examined the effects of day of mixing following insemination on aggression, injuries and stress in sows. A total of 800 sows were used in this experiment...
Group composition for fattening entire male pigs under enriched housing conditions - influences on behaviour, injuries and boar taint compounds
Contributor(s):: Holinger, M., Fruh, B., Hillmann, E.
In organic farming, the production of pork from entire male pigs seems to be the most promising alternative to castration, as organic animal husbandry aims at high standards of animal welfare and elimination of mutilations. However, previous research on behaviour of entire male pigs was mostly...
GPS technology as a proxy tool for determining relationships in social animals: an example with African elephants
Contributor(s):: Hacker, C. E., Horback, K. M., Miller, L. J.
The potential application of GPS technology in determining relationships among social animals was addressed in this study of eight African elephants residing at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park in Escondido, CA, USA between 2009 and 2011. GPS coordinates were collected over nine 24 h periods from...
Interviewer guides used in cruelty research
Contributor(s):: Arluke, A.
The following interviewer guides have been developed and used by the author in his research on animal abusers as well as on complainants and battered women whose animals have been abused.
Dogs for herding and guarding livestock
Contributor(s):: Coppinger, L., Coppinger, R., Grandin, T.
Dogs that perform best for guarding and herding livestock have different behavioural profiles, as stated by the authors: 'herding dogs are selected to show hunting behaviours, such as eye, stalk, grip or heel. Guarding dogs are selected to show more of the wild ancestor's puppy-like or juvenile...
Comparative studies of emotional behaviors of house and stray dogs
Contributor(s):: Kim, N. Y., Kim, K. H., Kim, S. J., Jeon, B. T., Park, P. J., Thomas, D. G., Moon, S. H.
Background: The industry of companion animal has been growing steadily in Korea. However, alongside this rapid growth, insufficient knowledge and immature civic awareness of the responsibilities of companion animal ownership has resulted in an increase in the number of stray animals. Aim: The aim...
Domestication effects on behavioural traits and learning performance: comparing wild cavies to guinea pigs
Contributor(s):: Brust, V., Guenther, A.
The domestication process leads to a change in behavioural traits, usually towards individuals that are less attentive to changes in their environment and less aggressive. Empirical evidence for a difference in cognitive performance, however, is scarce. Recently, a functional linkage between an...
Down but not out: supine postures as facilitators of play in domestic dogs
Contributor(s):: Norman, K., Pellis, S., Barrett, L., Henzi, S. P.
We used two sets of videotaped data of playing domestic dog dyads to determine whether rolling over during play served as a signal of submission or whether it was a combat maneuver adopted as part of an ongoing play sequence. Our results provide strong support for the latter. In the absence of...
Which personality dimensions do puppy tests measure? A systematic procedure for categorizing behavioral assays
Contributor(s):: McGarrity, M. E., Sinn, D. L., Gosling, S. D.
With the recent increase in interest in personality in dogs, behavioral assays of their behavior have proliferated. There has been particularly strong interest in predicting adult behavior from puppy tests. As a result, researchers and practitioners seeking to measure personality in puppies are...
Importance of bringing dogs in contact with children during their socialization period for better behavior
Contributor(s):: Arai, S., Ohtani, N., Ohta, M.