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  1. Effects of Transport Conditions on Behavioural and Physiological Responses of Horses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Barbara Padalino, Sharanne L Raidal

    The regulations for minimal space and direction of travel for land transport in horses vary worldwide and there is currently no definitive guidance to promote equine health and welfare. This study evaluated the effects of bay size and direction of travel (forwards/backwards) in horses by...

  2. Human Relationships with Domestic and Other Animals: One Health, One Welfare, One Biology

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: ArielM Tarazona, Maria C Ceballos, Donald M Broom

    Excessive human population growth, uncontrolled use of natural resources, including deforestation, mining, wasteful systems, biodiversity reduction by agriculture, and damaging climate change affect the existence of all animals, including humans. This discussion is now urgent and people are...

  3. The interplay between affect, dog's physical activity and dog-owner relationship

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Vaataja, H., Majaranta, P., Cardo, A. V., Isokoski, P., Somppi, S., Vehkaoja, A., Vainio, O., Surakka, V.

    Leaving a dog home alone is part of everyday life for most dog owners. Previous research shows that dog–owner relationship has multifarious effects on dog behavior. However, little is known about the interplay between dog–owner relationship, physical activity of the dog, and affective...

  4. Is seeing still believing? Leveraging deepfake technology for livestock farming

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Neethirajan, S.

    Deepfake technologies are known for the creation of forged celebrity pornography, face and voice swaps, and other fake media content. Despite the negative connotations the technology bears, the underlying machine learning algorithms have a huge potential that could be applied to not just digital...

  5. Furred and feathered friends: how attached are zookeepers to the animals in their care?

    | Contributor(s):: Melfi, V., Skyner, L., Birke, L., Ward, S. J., Shaw, W. S., Hosey, G.

    Keeper-animal relationships (KARs) appear to be important in zoos, since they can enhance the well-being of both the animals and the keepers, can make animal husbandry easier, but conversely might risk inappropriate habituation of animals and possible risks to the safety of keepers. It is,...

  6. An observational evaluation of stress in horses during therapeutic riding sessions

    | Contributor(s):: McDuffee, L., Carr, L., Montelpare, W.

    Therapeutic riding (TR) provides benefits to participants with cognitive and physical disabilities. Horses participating in TR programs are typically selected because of their calm temperament and may not show obvious signs of stress. However, the welfare of horses in TR programs is an important...

  7. Veterinary history and the development of human relationships with animals

    | Contributor(s):: Jones, G. C.

    2022Veterinary Record190284-840042-490010.1002/vetr.1420English0WileyChichester, UKtext

  8. Dog behaviours in veterinary consultations: part II. The relationship between the behaviours of dogs and their owners

    | Contributor(s):: Helsly, M., Priymenko, N., Girault, C., Duranton, C., Gaunet, F.

    Dogs synchronise their behaviour with those of their owners when confronted with an unfamiliar situation and interactions with their owners have been shown to decrease the dog's stress levels in some instances. However, whether owners may help manage dog anxiety during veterinary consultations...

  9. Effects of the COVID-19 lockdown on the human-animal bond

    | Contributor(s):: Beaver, B. V.

    2021NAVC Clinician's BriefJanuaryFebruary48-491542-4014EnglishCited Reference Count: 2 ref.0Educational Concepts LLCTulsa, USATexas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA.text

  10. Effects of Gender, Sterilization, and Environment on the Spatial Distribution of Free-Roaming Dogs: An Intervention Study in an Urban Setting

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Saulo Nascimento de Melo, Eduardo Sergio da Silva, David Soeiro Barbosa, Rafael Gonçalves Teixeira-Neto, Gustavo Augusto Lacorte, Marco Aurélio Pereira Horta, Diogo Tavares Cardoso, Guilherme Loureiro Werneck, Claudio José Struchiner, Vinícius Silva Belo

    Information concerning the factors affecting the circulation and distribution of free-roaming dogs is crucial in developing control actions and limiting the spread of zoonoses. The present study analyzes the influence of gender, sterilization, and environment on the spatial distribution of...

  11. Reliability of internet information on bite behavior of domestic dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ito, K., Shiga, Y., Tanaka, M., Matsuura, A., Irimajiri, M.

    Many dog owners who are dealing with behavioral problems in their dog look for solutions on the internet. However, the quality of the information available online has not yet been assessed. Therefore, in this study, we comprehensively collected information available online on behavior...

  12. Associations between dairy herds' qualitative behavior and aspects of herd health, stockperson and farm factors-a cross-sectional exploration

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Matull, K., Knierim, U., Ivemeyer, S.

    The affective state is an integrated aspect of farm animal welfare, which is understood as the animals' perception of their living environment and of their internal biological functioning. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to explore animal-internal and external factors potentially...

  13. Are multi-cat homes more stressful? A critical review of the evidence associated with cat group size and wellbeing

    | Contributor(s):: Finka, L. R., Foreman-Worsley, R.

  14. Researchers, not dogs, lack control in an experiment on jealousy

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jennifer Vonk

    Cook and colleagues (2018) have developed a clever method to measure fMRI in awake dogs in response to a number of interesting stimuli. As a result, they are able to determine neural correlates of observable behavior. They report that dogs may experience something akin to jealousy because they...

  15. Improving the Recognition of Equine Affective States

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Catherine Bell, Suzanne Rogers, Julie Taylor, Debbie Busby

    A key welfare problem for horses is that people commonly fail to recognise, and consequently neglect to resolve, equine behavioural signs of distress, worsening the welfare of the horse and potentially putting the safety of the handler at risk as a result. Members of equestrian Facebook groups...

  16. Trauma etiology in dogs and cats: a retrospective study of 4626 cases

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cojocaru, R., Schuszler, L., Bumb, D., Barnea, R., Igna, C.

    Traumatic injuries are a major health hazard having an important impact in animals' welfare. The outcome following a traumatic event in the animal's life, depends on multiple factors, the most common ones being the cause of trauma, the location of the trauma and the amount of kinetic...

  17. Pilot study of the influence of equine assisted therapy on physiological and behavioral parameters related to welfare of horses and patients

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dolores Ayala, M., Carrillo, A., Iniesta, P., Ferrer, P.

    Different welfare indicators were studied in three patients with psychomotor alterations and in two horses throughout 9-10 equine assisted therapy sessions in each patient. In horses, heart and respiratory rates, blood pressure, temperature and behavioral signs were studied. In patients, heart...

  18. Relinquishing owners underestimate their dog's behavioral problems: deception or lack of knowledge?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Powell, L., Duffy, D. L., Kruger, K. A., Watson, B., Serpell, J. A.

    Undesirable behavior is a leading cause of canine relinquishment. Relinquishing owners could provide valuable information about their dog's behavior, although the reliability of their reports has been questioned by the sheltering community. This study aimed to investigate (a) whether...

  19. Feasibility and reliability of the AWIN welfare assessment protocol for dairy goats in semi-extensive farming conditions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Battini, M., Renna, M., Giammarino, M., Battaglini, L., Mattiello, S.

    The aim of this study was to test the feasibility and reliability of the Animal Welfare Indicators (AWIN) protocol for welfare assessment of dairy goats when applied to semi-extensive farming conditions. We recruited 13 farms located in the NW Italian Alps where three assessors individually and...

  20. Volunteers' demographics that affect the human-dog interaction during walks in a shelter

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Shih, H. Y., Paterson, M. B. A., Pachana, N. A., Phillips, C. J. C.

    Different people relate to dogs in different ways. We investigated differences between volunteers in their behavioural interactions with shelter dogs when they were walked on a leash. Cameras were used to record and quantify the behaviour of volunteers and a leash tension metre was used to...