The Effect of Extensive Human Presence at an Early Age on Stress Responses and Reactivity of Juvenile Ostriches towards Humans
| Contributor(s):: Pfunzo T. Muvhali, Maud Bonato, Anel Engelbrecht, Irek A. Malecki, Denise Hough, Jane E. Robinson, Neil P. Evans, Schalk W. P. Cloete
The effect of extensive human presence and regular gentle handling performed at an early age (0–3 months old) on stress responses and reactivity of juvenile ostriches towards humans was investigated. A total of 416 ostrich chicks over two years were exposed to one of three treatments for...
Zoo visitor effect on mammal behaviour: Does noise matter?
| Contributor(s):: Quadros, Sandra, Goulart, Vinicius D. L., Passos, Luiza, Vecci, Marco A. M., Young, Robert J.
The zoo visitor effect is the change in animal behaviour and physiology in response to the presence of a viewing public. It is thought to result from, amongst other things, visitor generated sound (i.e., noise), but this hypothesis has never been explicitly tested. We tested this hypothesis...
Extensive human presence at an early age of ostriches improves the docility of birds at a later stage of life
| Contributor(s):: Bonato, Maud, Malecki, Irek A., Wang, Magretha D., Cloete, Schalk W. P.
While ostriches are relatively wild birds with a short period of domestication, some birds demonstrate a strong interest in humans. Human imprinting of chicks could therefore facilitate the cooperation of birds for assisted reproduction technology purposes, improving the quality of human–bird...
Farm Animal Cognition-Linking Behavior, Welfare and Ethics
| Contributor(s):: Nawroth, C., Langbein, J., Coulon, M., Gabor, V., Oesterwind, S., Benz-Schwarzburg, J., von Borell, E.
Visitor effects on zoo-housed Sulawesi crested macaque (Macaca nigra) behaviour: Can signs with ‘watching eyes’ requesting quietness help?
| Contributor(s):: Dancer, Alice M. M., Burn, Charlotte C.
Visiting public can cause changes in the behaviour of zoo-housed primates. These effects, if indicative of stress, can be of welfare concern. However, few options to mitigate visitor effects through modulating visitor behaviour have been explored. Here we evaluated the effects of visitor number...
Response to novelty as an indicator of reptile welfare
| Contributor(s):: Moszuti, Sophie A., Wilkinson, Anna, Burman, Oliver H. P.
Whilst a great deal of research has been focused on identifying ways to assess the welfare of captive mammals and birds, there is comparatively little knowledge on how reptilian species are affected by captivity, and the ways in which their welfare can be accurately assessed. The present study...
How tall should a mink cage be? Using animals’ preferences for different ceiling heights to improve cage design
| Contributor(s):: Díez-León, María, Quinton, Margaret, Mason, Georgia
Regulations and guidelines assume that taller cages are better for mink, because they permit more diverse postures (e.g. standing upright) and freedom to move. New Canadian Codes of Practice therefore stipulate cage ceiling heights of at least 38cm, while in Europe cages must be 46cm or taller....
Foster parenting, human imprinting and conventional handling affects survival and early weight of ostrich chicks
| Contributor(s):: MD Wang, SWP Cloete, K Dzama, M Bonato, IA Malecki
The effects of human imprinting and foster parenting by adult ostriches on the survival and growth performance of ostrich chicks were compared to conventional chick-rearing practices in two separate experiments. In the first experiment, the growth rate and survival of chicks imprinted onto...
Evaluation of a canine and feline behavioural welfare assessment tool for use in companion animal veterinary practice
| Contributor(s):: Dawson, Lauren C., Dewey, Cate E., Stone, Elizabeth A., Guerin, Michele T., Niel, Lee
Veterinary care can both positively and negatively impact animal welfare in terms of behavioural welfare. This occurs both in the veterinary clinic through interactions with patients and management of their stress, fear and aggression, and In the animal's home through the provision of behaviour...
The behavioural effects of olfactory stimulation on dogs at a rescue shelter
| Contributor(s):: Binks, Johnathan, Taylor, Sienna, Wills, Alison, Montrose, V. Tamara
Many domestic dogs are kept in rescue and rehoming shelters which are frequently stressful and under-stimulating environments. Dog welfare is often compromised within these environments and there is a need to determine new practical and effective methods of improving the welfare of these...
Paws for Progress: The development and evaluation of the first prison based dog training programme in the UK
| Contributor(s):: Rebecca Jean Leonardi
The most common type of human animal interaction (HAI) programme used in prisons involves prisoners caring for and training unwanted dogs from rescue shelters, to prepare the dogs for rehoming. Such programmes have been previously developed specifically aimed towards male young offenders, and...
Use of behavioural and physiological responses for scoring sound sensitivity in dogs
| Contributor(s):: Carla Caroline Franzini de Souza, Daniel Penteado Martins Dias, Raquel Nascimento de Souza, Magda Alves de Medeiros
Sound sensitive dogs have exaggerated responses to sound stimuli that can negatively impact the welfare of the dog. Behavioural reactions combined with the response to sound involve a marked autonomic imbalance towards sympathetic predominance and release of cortisol. The purpose of the present...
Editorial: Advances and Perspectives in Farm Animal Learning and Cognition
| Contributor(s):: Nawroth, C., Langbein, J.
201961722297-1769 (Print)2297-176910.3389/fvets.2019.00172engInstitute of Behavioural Physiology, Leibniz Institute for Farm Animal Biology, Dummerstorf, Germany.text
Solidarity with Animals: Assessing a Relevant Dimension of Social Identification with Animals
| Contributor(s):: Catherine E. Amiot, Brock Bastian
Interactions with animals are pervasive in human life, a fact that is reflected in the burgeoning field of human-animal relations research. The goal of the current research was to examine the psychology of our social connection with other animals, by specifically developing a measure of...
Human-Animal Interactions in Dairy Buffalo Farms
| Contributor(s):: Napolitano, F., Serrapica, F., Braghieri, A., Masucci, F., Sabia, E., De Rosa, G.
A Multivariate Model of Stakeholder Preference for Lethal Cat Management
| Contributor(s):: Dara M. Wald, Susan K. Jacobson
Identifying stakeholder beliefs and attitudes is critical for resolving management conflicts. Debate over outdoor cat management is often described as a conflict between two groups, environmental advocates and animal welfare advocates, but little is known about the variables predicting...
The impact of atypical early histories on pet or performer chimpanzees
| Contributor(s):: Hani D. Freeman, Stephen R. Ross
It is widely accepted that an animal’s early history, including but not limited to its rearing history, can have a profound impact on later behavior. In the case of captive animals, many studies have used categorical measures such as mother reared or human reared that do not...
An unexpected acoustic indicator of positive emotions in horses
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: Mathilde Stomp, Maël Leroux, Marjorie Cellier, Séverine Henry, Alban Lemasson, Martine Hausberger
Indicators of positive emotions are still scarce and many proposed behavioural markers have proven ambiguous. Studies established a link between acoustic signals and emitter’s internal state, but few related to positive emotions and still fewer considered non-vocal sounds. One of them,...
The Days and Nights of Zoo Elephants: Using Epidemiology to Better Understand Stereotypic Behavior of African Elephants (Loxodonta africana) and Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus) in North American Zoos
| Contributor(s):: Brian J. Greco, Cheryl L. Meehan, Jen N. Hogan, Katherine A. Leighty, Jill Mellen, Georgia J. Mason, Joy A. Mench
Stereotypic behavior is an important indicator of compromised welfare. Zoo elephants are documented to perform stereotypic behavior, but the factors that contribute to performance have not been systematically assessed. We collected behavioral data on 89 elephants (47 African [Loxodonta...
Prevalence of owner-reported behaviours in dogs separated from the litter at two different ages
| Contributor(s):: L. Pierantoni, M. Albertini, F. Pirrone