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Tags: Animal behavior + Behavior and behavior mechanisms

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  1. Examination of enrichment using space and food for African elephants (Loxodonta africana) at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park

    Contributor(s):: Hacker, C. E., Miller, L. J., Schulte, B. A.

  2. The top behavioural tips for new puppy owners

    Contributor(s):: Quandt, J.

    202096-979781946483201North American Veterinary Community (NAVC)Orlando,EnglishCollege of Veterinary Medicine University of Georgia, USA.text

  3. Working with laboratory rodents in Spain: a survey on welfare and wellbeing

    Contributor(s):: Goni-Balentziaga, O., Ortega-Saez, I., Vila, S., Azkona, G.

  4. Humanity's best friend: a dog-centric approach to addressing global challenges

    Contributor(s):: Sykes, A., Beirne, P., Horowitz, A., Jones, I., Kalof, L., Karlsson, E., King, T., Litwak, H., McDonald, R. A., Murphy, L. J., Pemberton, N., Promislow, D., Rowan, A., Stahl, P., Tehrani, J., Tourigny, E., Wynne, C. D. L., Strauss, E., Larson, G.

  5. Incidence and impact of dog attacks on guide dogs in the UK: an update

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Moxon, R., Whiteside, H., England, G. C. W.

    Data on dog attacks on Guide Dogs' stock were reviewed to investigate the characteristics of the attacks. An average of 11.2 attacks occurred each month. Nearly all of the attacks occurred in public areas, 68.4 per cent of victim dogs were qualified guide dogs and 55.5 per cent of victim...

  6. Test-retest reliability and predictive validity of a juvenile guide dog behavior test

    | Contributor(s):: Harvey, N. D., Craigon, P. J., Sommerville, R., McMillan, C., Green, M., England, G. C. W., Asher, L.

    The ability to measure stable and consistent behavioral traits in dogs would facilitate selection and assessment of working dogs, such as guide dogs. Ideally, these measures should predict suitability for the working role from a young age. This study assessed test-retest reliability of a juvenile...

  7. Aspects of juvenile and adolescent environment predict aggression and fear in 12-month-old guide dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Serpell, J. A., Duffy, D. L.

    Maturational changes in behavior, and the possible influence of the puppy-raising environment on behavioral development, were investigated in a total sample of 978 prospective guide dogs belonging to four different breeds/crosses. All dogs belonged to the same guide dog organization, and had...

  8. Locking down the impact of New Zealand's COVID-19 alert level changes on pets

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Esam, F., Forrest, R., Waran, N.

    The influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on human-pet interactions within New Zealand, particularly during lockdown, was investigated via two national surveys. In Survey 1, pet owners (n = 686) responded during the final week of the five-week Alert Level 4 lockdown (highest level of restrictions -...

  9. The Canine Frustration Questionnaire—Development of a New Psychometric Tool for Measuring Frustration in Domestic Dogs (Canis familiaris)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kevin J. McPeake, Lisa M. Collins, Helen Zulch, Daniel S. Mills

    Introduction: Psychometric tools have been developed for the assessment of behavioral and affective traits in non-human animals. Frustration can be defined as an emotional reaction experienced after a given expectation is violated. Frustration is a negative emotional state and whilst it...

  10. The influence of human interaction on guinea pigs: Behavioral and thermographic changes during animal-assisted therapy

    | Contributor(s):: Wirth, S., Gebhardt-Henrich, S. G., Riemer, S., Hattendorf, J., Zinsstag, J., Hediger, K.

  11. Veterinary Behavior: Assessment of Veterinarians' Training, Experience, and Comfort Level with Cases

    | Contributor(s):: Kogan, L. R., Hellyer, P. W., Rishniw, M., Schoenfeld-Tacher, R.

  12. The Effect of Extensive Human Presence at an Early Age on Stress Responses and Reactivity of Juvenile Ostriches towards Humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Pfunzo T. Muvhali, Maud Bonato, Anel Engelbrecht, Irek A. Malecki, Denise Hough, Jane E. Robinson, Neil P. Evans, Schalk W. P. Cloete

    The effect of extensive human presence and regular gentle handling performed at an early age (0–3 months old) on stress responses and reactivity of juvenile ostriches towards humans was investigated. A total of 416 ostrich chicks over two years were exposed to one of three treatments for...

  13. You Are Not My Handler! Impact of Changing Handlers on Dogs' Behaviours and Detection Performance

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: La Toya J. Jamieson, Greg S. Baxter, Peter J. Murray

    Dog-handler relationships can directly impact team success. Changing a dog’s handler may therefore compromise detection performance. However, there are currently few studies which support this. This research explored the performance and behavioural impact of changing a dog’s...

  14. Training the guide dog: An untapped opportunity for the behavior analyst

    | Contributor(s):: Funk, Janie A., Williams, W. Larry

  15. Using the mini C-BARQ to investigate the effects of puppy farming on dog behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Wauthier, Laura M., Scottish Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to, Animals, Williams, Joanne M.

    High demand for dogs in countries like the UK can lead to illegal intensive breeding and illegal importation of puppies for the pet trade. The current study investigates the effects of intensive breeding or 'puppy farming' on canine behaviour, explores new ways of predicting negative outcomes and...

  16. Evaluating the Strange Situation Procedure (SSP) to Assess the Bond between Dogs and Humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Therese Rehn, Ragen T. S. McGowan, Linda J. Keeling

    The Strange Situation Procedure (SSP) is increasingly being used to study attachment between dogs and humans. It has been developed from the Ainsworth Strange Situation Procedure, which is used extensively to investigate attachment between children and their parents. In this experiment, 12...

  17. The existence of parenting styles in the owner-dog relationship

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ineke R. van Herwijnen, Joanne A. M. van der Borg, Marc Naguib, Bonne Beerda

    Parents interact with children following specific styles, known to influence child development. These styles represent variations in the dimensions of demandingness and responsiveness, resulting in authoritarian, authoritative, permissive or uninvolved parenting. Given the similarities in the...

  18. Solidarity with Animals: Assessing a Relevant Dimension of Social Identification with Animals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Catherine E. Amiot, Brock Bastian

    Interactions with animals are pervasive in human life, a fact that is reflected in the burgeoning field of human-animal relations research. The goal of the current research was to examine the psychology of our social connection with other animals, by specifically developing a measure of...

  19. Oxytocin and Cortisol Levels in Dog Owners and Their Dogs Are Associated with Behavioral Patterns: An Exploratory Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Maria Petersson, Kerstin Uvnäs-Moberg, Anne Nilsson, Lise-Lotte Gustafson, Eva Hydbring-Sandberg, Linda Handlin

    We have previously shown that dog–owner interaction results in increasing oxytocin levels in owners and dogs, decreasing cortisol levels in owners but increasing cortisol levels in dogs. The present study aimed to further investigate whether oxytocin and cortisol levels in the previously...

  20. An unexpected acoustic indicator of positive emotions in horses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mathilde Stomp, Maël Leroux, Marjorie Cellier, Séverine Henry, Alban Lemasson, Martine Hausberger

    Indicators of positive emotions are still scarce and many proposed behavioural markers have proven ambiguous. Studies established a link between acoustic signals and emitter’s internal state, but few related to positive emotions and still fewer considered non-vocal sounds. One of them,...