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  1. Discrimination of SARS-CoV-2 infected patient samples by detection dogs: A proof of concept study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jennifer L. Essler, Sarah A. Kane, Pat Nolan, Elikplim H. Akaho, Amalia Z. Berna, Annemarie DeAngelo, Richard A. Berk, Patricia Kaynaroglu, Victoria L. Plymouth, Ian D. Frank, Susan R. Weiss, Audrey R. Odom John, Cynthia M. Otto

    While the world awaits a widely available COVID-19 vaccine, availability of testing is limited in many regions and can be further compounded by shortages of reagents, prolonged processing time and delayed results. One approach to rapid testing is to leverage the volatile organic compound (VOC)...

  2. Forgotten, But Not Lost—Alloparental Behavior and Pup–Adult Interactions in Companion Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Péter Pongrácz, Sára S. Sztruhala

    Socialization with humans is known to be a pivotal factor in the development of appropriate adult dog behavior, but the role and extent of dog–dog interactions in the first two months of life is rarely studied. Although various forms of alloparental behaviors are described in the case of...

  3. Are Underweight Shelter Dogs More Likely to Display Food Aggression toward Humans?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katherine A. Miller, Emily D. Dolan, Victoria A. Cussen, Pamela J. Reid

    It is commonly believed that underweight or emaciated dogs are predisposed to food aggression toward humans. Each year, the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) receives hundreds of dogs from criminal cruelty cases. The dogs range from emaciated to overweight. We...

  4. Effects of Gender, Sterilization, and Environment on the Spatial Distribution of Free-Roaming Dogs: An Intervention Study in an Urban Setting

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Saulo Nascimento de Melo, Eduardo Sergio da Silva, David Soeiro Barbosa, Rafael Gonçalves Teixeira-Neto, Gustavo Augusto Lacorte, Marco Aurélio Pereira Horta, Diogo Tavares Cardoso, Guilherme Loureiro Werneck, Claudio José Struchiner, Vinícius Silva Belo

    Information concerning the factors affecting the circulation and distribution of free-roaming dogs is crucial in developing control actions and limiting the spread of zoonoses. The present study analyzes the influence of gender, sterilization, and environment on the spatial distribution of...

  5. Reliability of internet information on bite behavior of domestic dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ito, K., Shiga, Y., Tanaka, M., Matsuura, A., Irimajiri, M.

    Many dog owners who are dealing with behavioral problems in their dog look for solutions on the internet. However, the quality of the information available online has not yet been assessed. Therefore, in this study, we comprehensively collected information available online on behavior...

  6. Overimitation in dogs: is there a link to the quality of the relationship with the caregiver?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Huber, L., Kubala, D., Cimarelli, G.

    Overimitation, the copying of causally irrelevant or non-functional actions, is well-known from humans but completely absent in other primates. Recent studies from our lab have provided evidence for overimitation in canines. Previously, we found that half of tested pet dogs copied their human...

  7. Associations between dairy herds' qualitative behavior and aspects of herd health, stockperson and farm factors-a cross-sectional exploration

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Matull, K., Knierim, U., Ivemeyer, S.

    The affective state is an integrated aspect of farm animal welfare, which is understood as the animals' perception of their living environment and of their internal biological functioning. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to explore animal-internal and external factors potentially...

  8. Are multi-cat homes more stressful? A critical review of the evidence associated with cat group size and wellbeing

    | Contributor(s):: Finka, L. R., Foreman-Worsley, R.

  9. Using Principles from Applied Behaviour Analysis to Address an Undesired Behaviour: Functional Analysis and Treatment of Jumping Up in Companion Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nicole Pfaller-Sadovsky, Gareth Arnott, Camilo Hurtado-Parrado

    The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of procedures successfully used in human related applied behaviour analysis practices to the field of clinical animal behaviour. Experiment 1 involved functional analyses to identify the reinforcement contingencies...

  10. Researchers, not dogs, lack control in an experiment on jealousy

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jennifer Vonk

    Cook and colleagues (2018) have developed a clever method to measure fMRI in awake dogs in response to a number of interesting stimuli. As a result, they are able to determine neural correlates of observable behavior. They report that dogs may experience something akin to jealousy because they...

  11. Improving the Recognition of Equine Affective States

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Catherine Bell, Suzanne Rogers, Julie Taylor, Debbie Busby

    A key welfare problem for horses is that people commonly fail to recognise, and consequently neglect to resolve, equine behavioural signs of distress, worsening the welfare of the horse and potentially putting the safety of the handler at risk as a result. Members of equestrian Facebook groups...

  12. Dogs aren't jealous – they are just asking for accurate information

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Karen L. Overall

    Awake fMRI offers us a unique opportunity to view and understand how dogs see the world and use the information in it. Given the limitations of behavioral assays and the small sample sizes inherent in these studies, labeling of patterns of canine behaviors using pop psychology terms may...

  13. Trauma etiology in dogs and cats: a retrospective study of 4626 cases

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cojocaru, R., Schuszler, L., Bumb, D., Barnea, R., Igna, C.

    Traumatic injuries are a major health hazard having an important impact in animals' welfare. The outcome following a traumatic event in the animal's life, depends on multiple factors, the most common ones being the cause of trauma, the location of the trauma and the amount of kinetic...

  14. Correlation between gender, age and reproductive status with canine behavior assessed by the C-BARQ toolCorrelacao entre sexo, idade e estado reprodutivo com o comportamento canino avaliado pela ferramenta C-BARQ

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Neder, J. F. de S., Soares, G. M.

    This study investigated Brazilian's dogs behavior through the Canine Behavioral Assessment and Research Questionnaire (C-BARQ) and establish if these behaviors have a significant relationship with the age, sex and neutering status of the animal. The questionnaire was answered by owners...

  15. Pilot study of the influence of equine assisted therapy on physiological and behavioral parameters related to welfare of horses and patients

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dolores Ayala, M., Carrillo, A., Iniesta, P., Ferrer, P.

    Different welfare indicators were studied in three patients with psychomotor alterations and in two horses throughout 9-10 equine assisted therapy sessions in each patient. In horses, heart and respiratory rates, blood pressure, temperature and behavioral signs were studied. In patients, heart...

  16. Development of the dog attachment insecurity screening inventory (D-AISI): a pilot study on a sample of female owners

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Riggio, G., Noom, M., Gazzano, A., Mariti, C.

    To date, the Strange Situation Procedure is the only tool available to investigate the quality of the dog's attachment bond towards the owner. This study aimed to adapt a parent-report scale, named the Attachment Insecurity Screening Inventory (AISI) 6-12, originally designed to assess 6-...

  17. Relinquishing owners underestimate their dog's behavioral problems: deception or lack of knowledge?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Powell, L., Duffy, D. L., Kruger, K. A., Watson, B., Serpell, J. A.

    Undesirable behavior is a leading cause of canine relinquishment. Relinquishing owners could provide valuable information about their dog's behavior, although the reliability of their reports has been questioned by the sheltering community. This study aimed to investigate (a) whether...

  18. Feasibility and reliability of the AWIN welfare assessment protocol for dairy goats in semi-extensive farming conditions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Battini, M., Renna, M., Giammarino, M., Battaglini, L., Mattiello, S.

    The aim of this study was to test the feasibility and reliability of the Animal Welfare Indicators (AWIN) protocol for welfare assessment of dairy goats when applied to semi-extensive farming conditions. We recruited 13 farms located in the NW Italian Alps where three assessors individually and...

  19. Volunteers' demographics that affect the human-dog interaction during walks in a shelter

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Shih, H. Y., Paterson, M. B. A., Pachana, N. A., Phillips, C. J. C.

    Different people relate to dogs in different ways. We investigated differences between volunteers in their behavioural interactions with shelter dogs when they were walked on a leash. Cameras were used to record and quantify the behaviour of volunteers and a leash tension metre was used to...

  20. Coping with human-cat interactions beyond the limits of domesticity: moral pluralism in the management of cats and wildlife

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Wandesforde-Smith, G., Levy, J. K., Lynn, W., Rand, J., Riley, S., Schaffner, J. E., Wolf, P. J.

    Although human interactions with cats are often even typically analyzed in the context of domesticity, with a focus on what sorts of interactions might make both people and cats "happy at home," a large number of cats in the world live, for one reason or another, beyond the bounds of...