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  1. Food puzzles for cats: feeding for physical and emotional wellbeing

    Contributor(s):: Dantas, L. M. S., Delgado, M. M., Johnson, I., Buffington, C. A. T.

    Practical relevance: Many pet cats are kept indoors for a variety of reasons (eg, safety, health, avoidance of wildlife predation) in conditions that are perhaps the least natural to them. Indoor housing has been associated with health issues, such as chronic lower urinary tract signs, and...

  2. The morality of the reptile "pet" trade

    Contributor(s):: Warwick, C.

    The trade in, and private keeping of, reptiles as "pets" raises several ethical concerns regarding animal welfare (associated with handling, storage, transportation, intensive captive breeding, captivity stress, injury, disease, and high premature mortality); public health and safety (associated...

  3. Behavioral ecology of captive species: using behavioral adaptations to assess and enhance welfare of nonhuman zoo animals

    Contributor(s):: Koene, P.

    This project aimed to estimate a species' adaptations in nature and in captivity, assess welfare, suggest environmental changes, and find species characteristics that underlie welfare problems in nonhuman animals in the zoo. First, the current status of zoo animal welfare assessment was reviewed,...

  4. Impact of publicly sponsored neutering programs on animal population dynamics at animal shelters: the New Hampshire and Austin experiences

    Contributor(s):: White, S. C., Jefferson, E., Levy, J. K.

    This study found that government-funded surgical sterilization of companion animals has been widely promoted as a means of decreasing shelter intake and euthanasia. However, little information is available about the true impact of these programs on community and shelter nonhuman animal population...

  5. Managing feral cats on a university's campuses: how many are there and is sterilization having an effect?

    Contributor(s):: Jones, A. L., Downs, C. T.

    Worldwide domestic and feral cat (Felis catus) numbers have increased. Concerns regarding high populations of feral cats in urban areas include wildlife predation, public nuisance, and disease. This study aimed to estimate the size of the feral cat population on 5 campuses of the University of...

  6. Morbidity and mortality of invertebrates, amphibians, reptiles, and mammals at a major exotic companion animal wholesaler

    Contributor(s):: Ashley, S., Brown, S., Ledford, J., Martin, J., Nash, A. E., Terry, A., Tristan, T., Warwick, C.

    The authors formally investigated a major international wildlife wholesaler and subsequently confiscated more than 26,400 nonhuman animals of 171 species and types. Approximately 80% of the nonhuman animals were identified as grossly sick, injured, or dead, with the remaining in suspected...

  7. Quantifying the shelter rabbit population: an analysis of Massachusetts and Rhode Island animal shelters

    Contributor(s):: Cook, A. J., McCobb, E.

    Scholarly work on the nonhuman animal shelter population has widely focused on cats and dogs. As a result, little is known about the population dynamics of domestic rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) in shelters. The records from 4 companion animal shelters in Massachusetts and Rhode Island were...

  8. The legal status of cats in New Zealand: a perspective on the welfare of companion, stray, and feral domestic cats ( Felis catus )

    Contributor(s):: Farnworth, M. J., Dye, N. G., Keown, N.

    Pinpointing and safeguarding the welfare status of domestic cats is problematic, especially in New Zealand where cats are introduced predators with significant impact on indigenous fauna. Usually the identification of welfare status depends on conservational, legal, and public attitudes that are...

  9. The welfare and suitability of primates kept as pets

    Contributor(s):: Soulsbury, C. D., Iossa, G., Kennell, S., Harris, S.

    Amid growing concern about keeping exotic species as companion animals, nonhuman primates have been highlighted as inappropriate for private ownership. However, there has been no comprehensive review of the suitability of primates as pets, using a framework such as Schuppli and Fraser's (2000)....

  10. There's a rat in my room! Now what? Mice show no chronic physiological response to the presence of rats

    Contributor(s):: Meijer, M. K., Loo, P. L. P. van, Baumans, V.

    In general, guidelines on housing and care of animals in the laboratory state that rats and mice should not be housed in the same room. Mice may perceive rats as predators. Although one theory says this can cause stress, there is little scientific evidence to support this theory. In the wild,...

  11. Trends in sheltering and welfare at the Hawaiian Humane Society, Oahu, Hawaii

    Contributor(s):: McDowell, B., Burns, P., Lepczyk, C. A.

    One of the major goals of an animal welfare organization is to reduce the number of homeless, nonhuman animals in a community. In Hawaii, the Hawaiian Humane Society has provided numerous animal welfare services to work toward this goal, such as offering sterilizations and microchipping at...

  12. Utilization of matrix population models to assess a 3-year single treatment nonsurgical contraception program versus surgical sterilization in feral cat populations

    Contributor(s):: Budke, C. M., Slater, M. R.

    This study constructed matrix population models to explore feral cat population growth for a hypothetical population (a) in the absence of intervention; (b) with a traditional surgical sterilization-based trap, neuter, and return program; and (c) with a single treatment 3-year nonsurgical...

  13. Animals in war, animals on war: new perspectives from a theater of species

    Contributor(s):: Chaudhuri, U.

  14. Assessing the safety of collars used to attach predation deterrent devices and ID tags to pet cats

    Contributor(s):: Calver, M. C., Adams, G., Clark, W., Pollock, K. H.

  15. Behavioural responses of Argentine coastal dusky dolphins Lagenorhynchus obscurus to a biopsy pole system

    Contributor(s):: Loizaga de Castro, R., Hoelzel, A. R., Crespo, E. A.

  16. Dermatitis prompted by a collar employed in radio-telemetry monitoring

    Contributor(s):: Ferreira, G. A., Pinto, M. L., Nakano-Oliveira, E., Genaro, G.

  17. Animal welfare considerations in primate rehabilitation: an assessment of three vervet monkey (Chlorocebus aethiops) releases in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa

    Contributor(s):: Guy, A. J., Stone, O. M. L., Curnoe, D.

  18. Attitudes of Canadian beef producers toward animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Spooner, J. M., Schuppli, C. A., Fraser, D.

  19. Minimising number killed in long-term vertebrate pest management programmes, and associated economic incentives

    Contributor(s):: Warburton, B., Tompkins, D. M., Choquenot, D., Cowan, P.

  20. The post-release fate of hand-reared orphaned bats: survival and habitat selection

    Contributor(s):: Serangeli, M. T., Cistrone, L., Ancillotto, L., Tomassini, A., Russo, D.