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  1. Food puzzles for cats: feeding for physical and emotional wellbeing

    Contributor(s):: Dantas, L. M. S., Delgado, M. M., Johnson, I., Buffington, C. A. T.

    Practical relevance: Many pet cats are kept indoors for a variety of reasons (eg, safety, health, avoidance of wildlife predation) in conditions that are perhaps the least natural to them. Indoor housing has been associated with health issues, such as chronic lower urinary tract signs, and...

  2. Identification and development of measures suitable as potential breeding traits regarding dairy cows' reactivity towards humans

    Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Ivemeyer, S., Rupp, J., Knierim, U.

    Behavioural indicators of the human-animal relationship (HAR) are predominantly used in animal welfare science. However, the reactivity of dairy cows - as part of the HAR - is also of interest in the context of dairy breeding, due to its estimated moderate heritability. The avoidance distance...

  3. Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human - an on-farm study

    Contributor(s):: Mersmann, D., Schmied-Wagner, C., Nordmann, E., Graml, C., Waiblinger, S.

    The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...

  4. Environmental Enrichment in Kennelled Pit Bull Terriers (Canis lupus familiaris)

    Contributor(s):: Jenna Kiddie, Anna Bodymore, Alex Dittrich

    Although social enrichment can be considered beneficial in helping dogs cope with the kennel environment, when taking individual needs into account, it places a large demand on the carers and may not be appropriate in under-resourced kennels. Some kennels are also designed in such a way that...

  5. Social Dynamics and Space Utility of Domestic Cats Felis Silverstris Catus) In Animal Shelters

    Contributor(s):: Ng Yi Hui Eunice

    Animal shelters traditionally have a constant flux of new cat additions and cats leaving the shelter via adoptions. As a result, shelter cats are unable to form stable hierarchies or relationships, and are often subjected to stressful social situations on top of the confining housing conditions....

  6. Orca Behavior and Subsequent Aggression Associated with Oceanarium Confinement

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Robert Anderson, Robyn Waayers, Andrew Knight

    Based on neuroanatomical indices such as brain size and encephalization quotient, orcas are among the most intelligent animals on Earth. They display a range of complex behaviors indicative of social intelligence, but these are difficult to study in the open ocean where protective laws may...

  7. The Effectiveness Of Enrichment Programs For Dogs In An Animal Shelter

    | Contributor(s):: Pamela Perry

    Dogs (N = 108) in an animal shelter received one of four enrichment programs: twice daily walking alone (walking) or in combination with a daily fooddispensing toy (toy), a daily session of standardized human contact (petting), or daily obedience training (obedience). We evaluated the effects of...

  8. The Effects of Group-Housing on the Behavior of Domestic Cats (Felis Sylvestris Catus) in an Animal Shelter

    | Contributor(s):: Caroline Monk

    This study investigates the effects of group housing on the stress and behavior of domestic cats in an animal shelter. Twenty-four cats one-year of age and older were observed in the Tompkins County SPCA for three consecutive days. All behavior was continuously recorded. Density of cats in the...

  9. Rating character and animal welfare in a municipal dog shelter

    | Contributor(s):: David Joseph Minor Campos

    In this paper we proceed to the adaptation and implementation of a test of canine behavior, in the municipality canine hostel of Cordoba, Spain. The test consists of 17 of the most frequent evidence in the scientific literature, adapted to the reality of canines municipal shelters. The...

  10. Factors affecting the welfare and adoption rate of cats in an animal shelter

    | Contributor(s):: Nadine Gourkow

    Rates of adoption for adult cats in animal shelters have always been very low, thus these animals are often subjected to euthanasia and/or long periods of confinement. Furthermore, housing of shelter cats has traditionally focused on disease prevention; this has led to the use of barren,...

  11. Management and rehabilitation of inter-dog aggression in animal shelters

    | Contributor(s):: Jane S. Orihel

    Identification and treatment of inter-dog aggression is important so that animal shelters can re-home animals safely and reduce long-term confinement and euthanasia rates. This thesis describes 1) a survey study which identified current management of aggressive dogs in shelters and explored the...

  12. Effect of adopters' lifestyles and animal-care knowledge on their expectations prior to companion-animal guardianship

    | Contributor(s):: O'Connor, R., Coe, J. B., Niel, L., Jones-Bitton, A.

    Human expectations can greatly affect the human-companion animal relationship, sometimes putting nonhuman animals at risk for relinquishment. At 20 animal shelters in Southern Ontario, Canada, potential adopters ( N=234) completed a questionnaire regarding their lifestyle, companion animal-care...

  13. Preference assessments and structured potential adopter-dog interactions increase adoptions

    | Contributor(s):: Protopopova, A., Brandifino, M., Wynne, C. D. L.

    Previous research showed that lying down next to potential adopters and not ignoring their play initiations during interactions outside of the kennel correlate with increased likelihood of adoption in shelter dogs. In the present study, we experimentally assessed whether increasing these...

  14. Impact of structural and cognitive enrichment on the learning performance, behavior and physiology of dwarf goats ( Capra aegagrus hircus)

    | Contributor(s):: Oesterwind, S., Nurnberg, G., Puppe, B., Langbein, J.

    Intensive husbandry usually offers only limited opportunities for animals to perform their characteristic species-specific behavior and can lead to boredom, stress or frustration. The positive impact of structural forms of environmental enrichment on animal welfare is well investigated because it...

  15. The effect of lying motivation on cow behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Norring, M., Valros, A.

    Cows in dairy barns spend time standing while waiting for milking, accessing feed and entering the resting area. It has been suggested that high yielding cows may represent a trade off situation regarding eating and lying particularly in systems where there is a long waiting period before...

  16. Do collar-mounted predation deterrents restrict wandering in pet domestic cats?

    | Contributor(s):: Hall, C. M., Bryant, K. A., Fontaine, J. B., Calver, M. C.

    Roaming pet cats kill and harass wildlife, hybridise with wild felids, interbreed with feral populations, spread disease or annoy neighbours, and endanger their own welfare by fighting, being struck by vehicles or ingesting poisons. Confinement of pet cats is unpopular, so alternative methods to...

  17. Management and design of hospital pens relative to behavior of the compromised dairy cow: a questionnaire survey of Iowa dairy farms

    | Contributor(s):: Fogsgaard, K. K., Herskin, M. S., Gorden, P. J., Timms, L. L., Shearer, J. K., Millman, S. T.

    Compromised dairy cows, such as those suffering from illness or injury, are likely to have different behavioral priorities and needs compared to healthy cows. Although hospital pens are typically required in animal welfare standards and assessment programs, there is surprisingly little...

  18. Environmentally enriching American mink ( Neovison vison) increases lymphoid organ weight and skeletal symmetry, and reveals differences between two sub-types of stereotypic behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Diez-Leon, M., Bursian, S., Galicia, D., Napolitano, A., Palme, R., Mason, G.

    Enrichment studies for wild carnivores (e.g., in zoos) are often short-term, use enrichments of unknown motivational significance, and focus on glucocorticoids and stereotypic behaviour (SB), ignoring other stress-relevant variables. Our study assessed the broad behavioural and physiological...

  19. Effects of feeding management and group composition on agonistic behaviour of group-housed horses

    | Contributor(s):: Burla, J. B., Ostertag, A., Patt, A., Bachmann, I., Hillmann, E.

    Under natural conditions, horses spend 12-18 h of a day with synchronous grazing, but for stabled horses, the amount of forage and thus duration of feed intake usually are restricted. In group-housed horses, therefore, feeding times are often situations with increased levels of agonistic...

  20. The effects of metabolic cage housing and sex on cognitive bias expression in rats

    | Contributor(s):: Barker, T. H., Howarth, G. S., Whittaker, A. L.

    The use of metabolic cages is established housing protocol in small-animal, gastrointestinal research. Physiological data, as primarily observed through secretions of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis has shown that rodents housed in this manner experience an increased stress response. Few...