Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human - an on-farm study
Contributor(s):: Mersmann, D., Schmied-Wagner, C., Nordmann, E., Graml, C., Waiblinger, S.
The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...
Re-designing Dhaka Zoo
Contributor(s):: Wafa Akhter
We grow up learning about animals. When we were young the sight of an elephant or monkey excited us and amused us. Then as we grow older life tends to be busy and slowly through the process we start forgetting about the animals that taught us about alphabets, the animals that played with us...
The importance of zoos : a three-fold look at conservation, education and animal husbandry in AZA-accredited zoological facilities
Contributor(s):: Jennifer Richardson
Zoological facilities accredited by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) play an important role in society. They provide a positive animal experience for guests while also offering a safe and healthy home to animals that would not otherwise be able to survive. AZA zoos and aquariums work...
Group composition for fattening entire male pigs under enriched housing conditions - influences on behaviour, injuries and boar taint compounds
Contributor(s):: Holinger, M., Fruh, B., Hillmann, E.
In organic farming, the production of pork from entire male pigs seems to be the most promising alternative to castration, as organic animal husbandry aims at high standards of animal welfare and elimination of mutilations. However, previous research on behaviour of entire male pigs was mostly...
Effectiveness of animal health and welfare planning in dairy herds: a review
Contributor(s):: Tremetsberger, L., Winckler, C.
Maintaining and promoting animal health and welfare are important but challenging goals in livestock farming. Animal health and welfare planning aims to contribute to improvements in the herd through interventions in a structured way. This review provides an overview of current scientific...
The ticking clock: addressing farm animal welfare in emerging countries
Contributor(s):: Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von, Hotzel, M. J.
Over the last decade many emerging economies, and in particular Brazil, have established themselves as major players in global food animal production. Within these countries much of the increase in food animal production has been achieved by the adoption of intensive housing systems similar to...
Genetic analysis of the individual pig behaviour in backtests and human approach tests
Contributor(s):: Scheffler, K., Stamer, E., Traulsen, I., Krieter, J.
The most recent development in pig production has focused increasingly on the well-being of the individual pig and animal-friendly housing conditions, i.e. the launch of the group housing of sows in the EU. In this regard, however, standard procedures which may be stressful to the animals and...
Housing condition and nesting experience do not affect the Time to Integrate to Nest Test (TINT)
Contributor(s):: Rock, M. L., Karas, A. Z., Gallo, M. S., Pritchett-Corning, K., Gaskill, B. N.
Managing and assessing well-being in laboratory mice ( Mus musculus) is both challenging and necessary. Assessments intended to detect negative welfare states in mice are usually performed via observation of animals in the home cage, but a substantial amount of time and skill may be required to...
Swedish cat shelters: a descriptive survey of husbandry practices, routines and management
Contributor(s):: Hirsch, E. N., Andersson, M., Loberg, J.
Animal shelters rescue and care for society's unwanted companion animals. Nonetheless, several studies have shown that ending up in a shelter can be stressful, and that shelter husbandry can amplify and spread certain diseases. The aim of the present study was to investigate and describe...
An epidemiological approach to welfare research in zoos: the Elephant Welfare Project
Contributor(s):: Carlstead, K., Mench, J. A., Meehan, C., Brown, J. L.
Multi-institutional studies of welfare have proven to be valuable in zoos but are hampered by limited sample sizes and difficulty in evaluating more than just a few welfare indicators. To more clearly understand how interactions of husbandry factors influence the interrelationships among welfare...
Animal welfare issues in the poultry industry: is there a lesson to be learned? (Special issue: food animal husbandry and the new millennium)
Contributor(s):: Duncan, I. J. H.
Many of the conditions in which poultry live and the procedures to which they are subjected compromise their welfare. This article describes these welfare problems in the hope that they may serve as warnings to the rest of animal agriculture, which then might take steps to avoid the same...
Hoop housing for feeder pigs offers a welfare-friendly environment compared to a nonbedded confinement system
Contributor(s):: Lay, D. C., Jr., Haussmann, M. F., Daniels, M. J.
A nonbedded confinement system (NBCS) was compared with hoop structures (Hoop) for housing of feeder pigs. The Hoop is an inexpensive alternative to the total confinement system. Open-ended Quonsets shaped like a half cylinder lying on its flat side, the Hoop use bedding to keep the pigs dry and...
Scientists' assessment of the impact of housing and management on animal welfare
A total of 22 scientists contributed to a consensus-oriented conceptual framework for assessment of farm animal welfare, addressing priority issues in cattle, pigs, and chickens. They used the Delphi method, in which participants contributed anonymously through e-mail. The framework puts welfare...
Bite marks in mink-induced experimentally and as reflection of aggressive encounters between mink
Contributor(s):: Hansen, S. W., Moller, S. H., Damgaard, B. M.
For many years, bite marks have been used as an indicator for aggression in mink production systems. However, the validity of bite marks as indicator of aggression has recently been questioned. We therefore tested the following hypotheses: (1) experimentally applied pressure to, or penetration...
Attitudes of dairy farmers toward cow welfare in relation to housing, management and productivity
Contributor(s):: Kauppinen, T., Valros, A., Vesala, K. M.
Effect of housing and husbandry practices on adrenocortical activity in captive Canada lynx ( Lynx canadensis)
Contributor(s):: Fanson, K. V., Wielebnowski, N. C.
Effects of developmental history on the behavioural responses of European starlings ( Sturnus vulgaris) to laboratory husbandry
Contributor(s):: Jayne, K., Feenders, G., Bateson, M.
Influence of environmental conditions and facility on faecal glucocorticoid concentrations in captive pygmy rabbits ( Brachylagus idahoensis)
Contributor(s):: Scarlata, C. D., Elias, B. A., Godwin, J. R., Powell, R. A., Shepherdson, D., Shipley, L. A., Brown, J. L.
Mounting behaviour in finishing pigs: stable individual differences are not due to dominance or stage of sexual development
Contributor(s):: Hintze, S., Scott, D., Turner, S., Meddle, S. L., D'Eath, R. B.
Cruelty and legislation
Contributor(s):: Harrison, R.