Aspects of juvenile and adolescent environment predict aggression and fear in 12-month-old guide dogs
| Contributor(s):: Serpell, J. A., Duffy, D. L.
Maturational changes in behavior, and the possible influence of the puppy-raising environment on behavioral development, were investigated in a total sample of 978 prospective guide dogs belonging to four different breeds/crosses. All dogs belonged to the same guide dog organization, and had...
Dierbare metgezellen : Domeinbeschrijving Dierenwelzijn
| Contributor(s):: Irma Ennik, Lenny van Erp, Hans Hopster, Wim Meijberg, Marianne Poorthuis, Marko Ruis
Dierenwelzijn is een complex thema met wetenschappelijke, ethische en maatschappelijke invalshoeken. Om dit thema beter voor het onderwijs toegankelijk te maken hebben Stichting Veldwerk Nederland, het lectoraat Welzijn van Dieren van de Hogeschool Van Hall Larenstein en de Christelijke...
Pet dog management practices among a representative sample of owners in Victoria, Australia
| Contributor(s):: Howell, T. J., Mornement, K., Bennett, P. C.
It is often assumed that pet dogs experience better welfare than livestock production animals because many owners consider them to be members of the family and, collectively, spend billions of dollars on them annually. However, this assumption is not based on scientific evidence, and a...
Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human - an on-farm study
| Contributor(s):: Mersmann, D., Schmied-Wagner, C., Nordmann, E., Graml, C., Waiblinger, S.
The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...
The human-animal relationship: a new field of socio-educational action
| Contributor(s):: Senent-Sánchez, Joan-Maria
This article analyses the educational approaches towards the animal-human relationship which have been developed during the last 20 years. The article establishes a chain of states in that relationship and presents the reasons why those states are consecutive or, occasionally,...
Silvopastoral systems for sustainable animal production and the role of animal welfare
| Contributor(s):: Broom, D.
Keeper-animal interactions: differences between the behaviour of zoo animals affect stockmanship
| Contributor(s):: Ward, S. J., Melfi, V.
Stockmanship is a term used to describe the management of animals with a good stockperson someone who does this in a in a safe, effective, and low-stress manner for both the stock-keeper and animals involved. Although impacts of unfamiliar zoo visitors on animal behaviour have been extensively...
Social behavior of domestic cats in the human home
| Contributor(s):: Bernstein, P. L., Friedmann, Erika, Turner, D. C., Bateson, P.
A study on validity and reliability of on-farm tests to measure human-animal relationship in horses and donkeys
| Contributor(s):: Costa, E. dalla, Dai, F., Murray, L. A. M., Guazzetti, S., Canali, E., Minero, M.
The development and maintenance of a positive human-horse/donkey relationship is essential in order to decrease accidents and reduce negative states of equine welfare. In many animal species the reaction of animals to humans during specific behavioural tests is influenced by their past...
GPS technology as a proxy tool for determining relationships in social animals: an example with African elephants
| Contributor(s):: Hacker, C. E., Horback, K. M., Miller, L. J.
The potential application of GPS technology in determining relationships among social animals was addressed in this study of eight African elephants residing at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park in Escondido, CA, USA between 2009 and 2011. GPS coordinates were collected over nine 24 h periods from...
Variations in the timing of reinforcement as a training technique for foals ( Equus caballus )
| Contributor(s):: Warren-Smith, A. K., McLean, A. N., Nicol, H. I., McGreevy, P. D.
Horses are used worldwide for a range of activities. Their usefulness and welfare in these pursuits are strongly influenced by their trainability, which may in turn be influenced by learning ability. Handling and riding horses can expose both handler and horse to a considerable risk of injury....
What is suffering in animals?
| Contributor(s):: Weary, D. M., Appleby, M. C., Sandoe, P.
In much of the recent animal welfare literature the word 'suffering' is used simply as an adjunct (as in 'pain and suffering') or to emphasize that the animal consciously perceives pain or some other negative affect. A stronger usage of the term implies that the negative feelings are prolonged,...
Housing condition and nesting experience do not affect the Time to Integrate to Nest Test (TINT)
| Contributor(s):: Rock, M. L., Karas, A. Z., Gallo, M. S., Pritchett-Corning, K., Gaskill, B. N.
Managing and assessing well-being in laboratory mice ( Mus musculus) is both challenging and necessary. Assessments intended to detect negative welfare states in mice are usually performed via observation of animals in the home cage, but a substantial amount of time and skill may be required to...
Same pig, different conclusions: stakeholders differ in qualitative behaviour assessment
| Contributor(s):: Duijvesteijn, N., Benard, M., Reimert, I., Camerlink, I.
Animal welfare in pig production is frequently a topic of debate and is sensitive in nature. This debate is partly due to differences in values, forms, convictions, interests and knowledge among the stakeholders that constitute differences among their frames of reference with respect to pigs and...
Beastly London : a history of animals in the city
| Contributor(s):: Velten, Hannah
Assessing the welfare of dairy cattle. (Special issue: food animal husbandry and the new millennium)
| Contributor(s):: Rushen, J.
This article suggests that health problems represent some of the main threats to the welfare of dairy cattle. Although disagreement often arises about what constitutes the main welfare problems, there is broad agreement that welfare is reduced by health problems. In recent decades, a marked...
Can ambient sound reduce distress in piglets during weaning and restraint?
| Contributor(s):: Cloutier, S., Weary, D. M., Fraser, D.
This study monitored the vocal responses of piglets, as indicators of well-being, to evaluate the effect of various sounds played during 2 simulations of stressful farm procedures: (a) the 5 min the animals were held as if for castration and (b) the first 20 h after weaning. The sound treatments...
Effects of training on stress-related behavior of the common marmoset ( Callithrix jacchus ) in relation to coping with routine husbandry procedures. (Training Nonhuman Primates Using Positive Reinforcement Techniques)
| Contributor(s):: Bassett, L., Buchanan-Smith, H. M., McKinley, J., Smith, T. E.
Using positive reinforcement, 12 common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) were trained to provide urine samples on request. The marmosets were exposed to mildly stressful, routine husbandry procedures (i.e., capture and weighing). The non-human animals spent less time inactive poststressor as...
Exploring human interaction and diet effects on the behavior of dogs in a public animal shelter
| Contributor(s):: Hennessy, M. B., Voith, V. L., Young, T. L., Hawke, J. L., Centrone, J., McDowell, A. L., Linden, F., Davenport, G. M.
This study examined the effects of 2 manipulations - a brief, regular period of human contact and diet - on the behaviour of dogs confined in a public animal shelter. A behavioural battery designed to assess reactions to novel situations, and a test of responsiveness to an unfamiliar human were...
Handling, electric goad, and head restraint: effects on calves' behavior
| Contributor(s):: Goonewardene, L. A., Price, M. A., Stookey, J. M., Day, P. A., Minchau, G.
96 weaned calves (48 bulls and 48 heifers) were allocated in a 2 x 2 x 2 arrangement to 3 treatments each with 2 levels: calves handled every 10 days or 20 days; an electric goad used or not used; and head gate restrained or not restrained. Behaviour responses were measured by 5 incremental...