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  1. Aspects of juvenile and adolescent environment predict aggression and fear in 12-month-old guide dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Serpell, J. A., Duffy, D. L.

    Maturational changes in behavior, and the possible influence of the puppy-raising environment on behavioral development, were investigated in a total sample of 978 prospective guide dogs belonging to four different breeds/crosses. All dogs belonged to the same guide dog organization, and had...

  2. Passie voor paarden : een onderzoek naar de belevingswereld en het informatiezoekgedrag van paardenliefhebbers in Nederland

    | Contributor(s):: Elvi van Wijk-Jansen, Kathalijne Visser-Riedstra, Jos Verstegen, Harry Kortstee

    Op basis van een korte inventarisatie van beschikbare gegevens, diepte-interviews met mensen met een brede blik op de paardensector en een internet-enquête onder paardenliefhebbers, is onderzoek gedaan naar de belevingswereld, het informatiezoekgedrag en de kennis en praktijk van...

  3. Taming and Training in The Human Use of Elephants: The Case of Nepal, Past, Present and Future

    | Contributor(s):: Piers Locke

    It is a curious fact that by contrast with equine studies, a field that includes extensive historical and sociological work (e.g Budiansky 1998, Cassidy 2002, 2003, 2005, 2007, Clutton-Brock 1992, Derry 2003, 2006, Hurn 2008a, 2008b), elephant husbandry has yet to be constituted as an integrated...

  4. Management strategies in farrowing house to improve piglet pre-weaning survival and growth

    | Contributor(s):: Vila, R. M., Tummaruk, P.

    Post-partum and lactation are the most complex periods in the swine production chain. Newborn pigs are highly vulnerable due to relatively low body weight at birth and physiological immaturity. Most of the management strategies performed in farrowing houses are oriented to ensure a proper level...

  5. Provisioning the ritual neolithic site of Kfar HaHoresh, Israel at the dawn of animal management

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Meier, J. S., Goring-Morris, A. N., Munro, N. D.

    It is widely agreed that a pivotal shift from wild animal hunting to herd animal management, at least of goats, began in the southern Levant by the Middle Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period (10,000-9,500 cal. BP) when evidence of ritual activities flourished in the region. As our knowledge of this...

  6. Pet dog management practices among a representative sample of owners in Victoria, Australia

    | Contributor(s):: Howell, T. J., Mornement, K., Bennett, P. C.

    It is often assumed that pet dogs experience better welfare than livestock production animals because many owners consider them to be members of the family and, collectively, spend billions of dollars on them annually. However, this assumption is not based on scientific evidence, and a...

  7. Local knowledge held by farmers in Eastern Tyrol (Austria) about the use of plants to maintain and improve animal health and welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Vogl, C. R., Vogl-Lukasser, B., Walkenhorst, M.

    Background: The sustainable management of animal health and welfare is of increasing importance to consumers and a key topic in the organic farming movement. Few systematic studies have been undertaken investigating farmers' local knowledge related to this issue. Ethnoveterinary medicine (EVM) is...

  8. A prospective exploration of farm, farmer, and animal characteristics in human-animal relationships: an epidemiological survey

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Roches, A. de B. des, Veissier, I., Boivin, X., Gilot-Fromont, E., Mounier, L.

    Human-animal relationships are essential for dairy farming. They affect work comfort and efficiency, as well as milk production. A poor human-animal relationship can result in stress and accidents to both animals and caretakers and needs to be improved. However, many studies have demonstrated...

  9. Human-animal interactions and safety during dairy cattle handling - comparing moving cows to milking and hoof trimming

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lindahl, C., Pinzke, S., Herlin, A., Keeling, L. J.

    Cattle handling is a dangerous activity on dairy farms, and cows are a major cause of injuries to livestock handlers. Even if dairy cows are generally tranquil and docile, when situations occur that they perceive or remember as aversive, they may become agitated and hazardous to handle. This...

  10. Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human - an on-farm study

    | Contributor(s):: Mersmann, D., Schmied-Wagner, C., Nordmann, E., Graml, C., Waiblinger, S.

    The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...

  11. Are domestic pigs (Sus scrofa domestica) able to use complex human-given cues to find a hidden reward?

    | Contributor(s):: Nawroth, C., Ebersbach, M., Borell, E. von

    Understanding human-animal interactions in livestock production systems is crucial for improving animal welfare. It is therefore of general interest to investigate how livestock animals obtain information from humans. By using an object-choice paradigm, we investigated whether domestic pigs (Sus...

  12. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...

  13. Worker injuries involving the interaction of cattle, cattle handlers, and farm structures or equipment

    | Contributor(s):: Shannon L. Fox

    Cattle and other livestock have been identified as leading sources of injuries to workers in agriculture. Cattle handling injuries can be serious and often appear to be under-reported [superscript]3,[superscript]4. Many of these injuries involve predictable patterns of interactions among victims,...

  14. Silvopastoral systems for sustainable animal production and the role of animal welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Broom, D.

  15. Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.

    The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...

  16. Sheep farmer opinions on the current and future role of veterinarians in flock health management on sheep farms: a qualitative study

    | Contributor(s):: Jasmeet Kaler, L.E. Green

    A 2009 UK Government report on veterinary expertise in food animal production highlighted that there was insufficient herd health expertise among veterinarians and lack of appropriate business models to deliver veterinary services to the livestock sector. Approximately two thirds of sheep farmers...

  17. Horse Husbandry in Colonial Virginia: An Analysis of Probate Inventories in Relation to Environmental and Social Changes

    | Contributor(s):: Kimberly Peck

    Despite the vast amount of zooarchaeological research that has been done on livestock in Colonial Virginia, little is known about the role of the horse in society and the environment before the American Revolution. The image provided by the current literature on the subject is fairly general and...

  18. Keeper-animal interactions: differences between the behaviour of zoo animals affect stockmanship

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ward, S. J., Melfi, V.

    Stockmanship is a term used to describe the management of animals with a good stockperson someone who does this in a in a safe, effective, and low-stress manner for both the stock-keeper and animals involved. Although impacts of unfamiliar zoo visitors on animal behaviour have been extensively...

  19. A Cow's Eye View? Cattle Empathy and Ethics in Screen Representations of Temple Grandin

    | Contributor(s):: Claire Henry

    Temple Grandin has been a captivating figure for both animal and disability studies, and for filmmakers. Known for designing more humane livestock handling processes in the US cattle industry, and for her books and public speaking on autism, Grandin’s celebrity then became popularly...

  20. Student perceptions of animal use in society

    | Contributor(s):: Bennett-Wimbush, K., Amstutz, M. D., Willoughby, D.

    The purpose of this study was to determine the demographic characteristics that affect students' attitudes regarding animal use. Incoming freshman (n=136) completed a 20-question survey (Likert scale 1-5; range 20-100, summed and reported as a composite score) regarding perceptions of animal use,...