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  1. Owning a dog and working: a telephone survey of dog owners and employers in Sweden

    Contributor(s):: Norling, A. Y., Keeling, L.

    Many dog owners are faced with the problem of what to do with their dog when they go to work. Different solutions to the problem may affect dogs, owners, and employers. In this study, 204 working, Swedish dog owners and 90 employers were interviewed by telephone regarding practical issues and...

  2. Stakeholder attitudes toward farm animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Heleski, C. R., Mertig, A. G., Zanella, A. J.

    We developed a survey to measure attitudes toward farm animal welfare, then targeted two US groups considered highly influential in this area: veterinary college faculty members with large animal/food animal emphasis (VCF) and animal science faculty members (ANS). The survey was conducted via...

  3. Survival of bottlenose dolphin ( Tursiops sp.) calves at a wild dolphin provisioning program, Tangalooma, Australia

    Contributor(s):: Neil, D. T., Holmes, B. J.

    Mortality of calves born to provisioned mothers is identified in the literature as an issue of concern in dolphin provisioning programs. Wild dolphin provisioning at Tangalooma, Moreton Island, Australia has been occurring since 1992. Each evening, up to eight dolphins are provided with fish in a...

  4. A close keeper-nonhuman animal distance does not reduce undesirable behavior in contact yard goats and sheep

    Contributor(s):: Anderson, U. S., Maple, T. L., Bloomsmith, M. A.

    This study investigated the relation between zookeeper-nonhuman animal distance and the undesirable behaviour that goats and sheep exhibited toward visitors of Zoo Atlanta's (Georgia, USA) contact yard. It hypothesized that a close distance between keeper and animal would be associated with a...

  5. A review of behavioral assessment protocols used by Australian animal shelters to determine the adoption suitability of dogs

    Contributor(s):: Mornement, K. M., Coleman, G. J., Toukhsati, S., Bennett, P. C.

    Shelter dogs typically undergo preadoption assessment for suitability as companions. Dogs who pass are available for adoption. Available resources determine whether dogs who fail are euthanized or rehabilitated. Accurate assessment of shelter-dog behavior is imperative to protect community...

  6. A study of three IACUCs and their views of scientific merit and alternatives

    Contributor(s):: Graham, K.

    Two ethical issues facing Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees (IACUCs) today are assessing scientific merit and the use of alternatives in research proposals. This study evaluated 3 IACUCs using a 19-question survey, with a 77.8% response rate. Although 76% of members answered that...

  7. Abstracts of the proccedings on "animal welfare and epidemiology - across species, across disciplines, and across borders", Ames, Iowa, USA, 14-16 July 2008

    Contributor(s):: Millman, S. T., Johnson, A. K., O'Connor, A. M., Zanella, A. J.

    Abstracts of the proccedings on "Animal Welfare and Epidemiology - across species, across disciplines, and across borders", Ames, Iowa, USA, 14-16 July 2008

  8. Admissions of cats to animal welfare shelters in Melbourne, Australia

    Contributor(s):: Marston, L. C., Bennett, P. C.

    Although the number of companion animal (pet) cats (Felis catus) in Australia is decreasing, there has not been a corresponding reduction in feline admissions to nonhuman animal welfare shelters. This study tracked 15,206 cat admissions to 1 large Melbourne shelter over a 12-month period. Data...

  9. An empirical case study examining effectiveness of environmental enrichment in two captive Australian Sea Lions ( Neophoca cinerea )

    Contributor(s):: Smith, B. P., Litchfield, C. A.

    This case study examined the effect of environmental enrichment on the activity budgets of a male and female Australian Sea Lion (Neophoca cinerea) housed together at Adelaide Zoo. Using non-food-related (intrinsic) and food-related (extrinsic) enrichment objects, the study conducted an ABABA...

  10. Animal disease and human trauma: the psychosocial implications of the 2001 UK foot and mouth disease disaster

    Contributor(s):: Mort, M., Baxter, J., Bailey, C., Convery, I.

    The 2001 UK foot and mouth disease (FMD) crisis is commonly understood to have been a nonhuman animal problem, an economic industrial crisis that was resolved after eradication. By using a different lens, a longitudinal ethnographic study of the health and social consequences of the epidemic, the...

  11. Animal protection measures in Taiwan: Taiwanese attitudes toward the animal protection law and animal shelters

    Contributor(s):: Weng, H. Y., Kass, P. H., Hart, L. A., Chomel, B. B.

    This study used a questionnaire, self-administered by 387 Taiwanese citizens, to assess Taiwanese perception and knowledge of the Animal Protection Law and perception and use of animal shelters. Most respondents (87%) knew that Taiwan has legal protection for animals. A -5 to 5 summary score...

  12. Animal welfare - scientific approaches to the issues

    Contributor(s):: Millman, S. T.

    Nonhuman animal welfare is of significant public interest, globally and within the United States. Value-based judgments are intrinsic to animal welfare assessment, according to the relative weighting of factors associated with animal performance, health, affective states, and natural living. The...

  13. Application of welfare assessment to commercial livestock production

    Contributor(s):: Main, D. C. J.

    Farm assurance schemes are an inevitable and essential part of the UK livestock industries as they provide valuable assurances to the market over food safety, nonhuman animal welfare, and environmental concerns. However, there is potential for welfare assessment within such schemes to extend...

  14. Assessing acute effects of trapping, handling, and tagging on the behavior of wildlife using GPS telemetry: a case study of the common brushtail possum

    Contributor(s):: Dennis, T. E., Shah, S. F.

    Trapping, handling, and deployment of tracking devices (tagging) are essential aspects of many research and conservation studies of wildlife. However, often these activities place nonhuman animals under considerable physical or psychological distress, which disrupts normal patterns of behavior...

  15. Attitudes toward companion animals among Hispanic residents of a Texas border community

    Contributor(s):: Poss, J. E., Bader, J. O.

    The researchers surveyed 206 residents of a Hispanic community on the Texas-Mexico border about their behaviors and attitudes toward companion animals. Selected members of the community administered a telephone survey to a systematic random sample of 206 individuals. The majority of participants...

  16. Behavior of a solitary sociable female bottlenose dolphin ( Tursiops truncatus ) off the coast of Kent, southeast England

    Contributor(s):: Eisfeld, S. M., Simmonds, M. P., Stansfield, L. R.

    This article provides a report of the behavior of a solitary sociable dolphin studied on the southeast coast of England in 2007. This is the first study of its kind in which behavior of such a nonhuman animal was systematically studied. By the time of this study, this young female was highly...

  17. Behavioral and hormonal consequences of transporting giant pandas from China to the United States

    Contributor(s):: Snyder, R. J., Perdue, B. M., Powell, D. M., Forthman, D. L., Bloomsmith, M. A., Maple, T. L.

    Zoological institutions strive to ensure the welfare of nonhuman animals in captivity. Part of this effort involves reducing the level of distress experienced by an animal to the greatest extent possible. However, some necessary zoo management practices such as transportation induce stress...

  18. Behavioral reasons for relinquishment of dogs and cats to 12 shelters

    Contributor(s):: Salman, M. D., Hutchison, J., Ruch-Gallie, R., Kogan, L., New, J. C., Jr., Kass, P. H., Scarlett, J. M.

    The Regional Shelter Relinquishment Study sponsored by the National Council on Pet Population Study and Policy (NCPPSP) is a US research project designed to explore the characteristics of relinquished dogs and cats, their owners, and the reasons for relinquishment. The NCPPSP Regional Shelter...

  19. Characteristics of relinquished dogs and their owners at 14 rehoming centers in the United Kingdom

    Contributor(s):: Diesel, G., Brodbelt, D., Pfeiffer, D. U.

    In the United Kingdom, each year many companion animal (pet) caregivers (owners) hand over dogs to shelters for rehoming. Studies conducted in the United States and Australia have shown that accommodation issues and problematic behaviors are the most common reasons for dogs to be relinquished....

  20. Characteristics of shelter-relinquished animals and their owners compared with animals and their owners in U.S. pet-owning households

    Contributor(s):: New, J. C., Jr., Salman, M. D., King, M., Scarlett, J. M., Kass, P. H., Hutchison, J. M.

    Investigators sponsored by the National Council on Pet Population Study and Policy interviewed people who relinquished dogs and cats at 12 shelters in 4 regions of the USA. We collected similar data from a sample of US households with companion animals. Data collected included non-human animal...