The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
The Case For Consideration of Animal Rights and Ethics to Reform the Commercial Dog Breeding Industry
Contributor(s):: Nicholas Ian Waychoff
Animal Lovers, Bridge-Builders, and Supervising Watchdogs: Framing and Civil Society Construction by Japanese Pro-Animal Organizations in the Kansai and Tokyo Areas
Contributor(s):: Pilvi Ahonen
Unlike their counterparts in Europe and America, the citizen organizations acting for the well-being of animals in Japan have not received scholarly attention. In this research, I explore the activities of twelve Japanese pro-animal organizations in Tokyo and Kansai area from the...
Humans, Horses, and Hybrids : On Rights, Welfare, and Masculinity in Equestrian Sports
Contributor(s):: Kutte Jonsson
The fact that horses play an essential role for equestrian sports raises rather specific ethical concerns. Questions like what should be morally permissible to do to (non-consenting) nonhumans for the sake of human interests become urgent. Is it not an example of (animal) rights violation to...
Cecil: A Moment or a Movement? Analysis of Media Coverage of the Death of a Lion, Panthera leo
Contributor(s):: David W. Macdonald, Kim S. Jacobsen, Dawn Burnham, Paul J. Johnson, Andrew J. Loveridge
The killing of a satellite-tagged male lion by a trophy hunter in Zimbabwe in July 2015 provoked an unprecedented media reaction. We analyse the global media response to the trophy hunting of the lion, nicknamed “Cecil”, a study animal in a long-term project run by Oxford...
The challenges of protecting animals in Egypt
Contributor(s):: Nadine Mohamed Ismail
This audio documentary aims to present the mindset of Egyptians regarding the idea of animal welfare and animal rights in Egypt. It aims to demonstrate how far behind the Egyptian government and people are in appreciating dogs. To depict such an idea, it includes stories from pet owners and...
Solving the Problem of Puppy Mills: Why the Animal Welfare Movement's Bark is Stronger than its Bite
Contributor(s):: Kailey A. Burger
The relationship between man and dog is one characterized by companionship, service, and love; but dogs serve a variety of functions beyond just "man‘s best friend." These companion animals provide valuable assistance to people with disabilities, in military and police service, in...
The Psychological Effects of Medical Research on Animal Subjects and the Ramifications for the Applicability of the Research Results
Contributor(s):: Morgan A. Damm
Historically, animals have been used in medical research to bring about many of the medical breakthroughs and advances seen today. The successful studies are accompanied by numerous, often concealed, failed studies that are inapplicable to human medicine due to stress and distress changing the...
Antimony: The Use, Rights, and Regulation of Laboratory Animals
Contributor(s):: Brenda L. Thomas
'In recent years, the problem, plight, and philosophy behind the use of animals in laboratories, schools, and industries has caused many to formulate an opinion on animal experimentation. It is simple to postulate a Monday morning quarterback philosophy - merely weigh the...
Dogfighters on the Run: The HSUS Spurs Police Crackdown
Contributor(s):: The Humane Society Of The United States
How can anyone derive satisfaction from watching two dogs tear each other apart? How can anyone sit for hours, not only watching but cheering every wound, every broken leg or mangled eye?We can only guess the answers to such questions. What we do know is that every weekend, hundreds of men,...
Influence of pet ownership on opinions towards the use of animals in biomedical research
Contributor(s):: Hagelin, J., Johansson, B., Hau, J., Carlsson, H. E.
The present study investigated the relationship between pet ownership and opinions on the use of animals in medical research. A questionnaire was answered by 484 schoolteacher students and 156 preschool teacher students from Uppsala University, Sweden [date not given]. Animal use was found to be...
Interviewer guides used in cruelty research
Contributor(s):: Arluke, A.
The following interviewer guides have been developed and used by the author in his research on animal abusers as well as on complainants and battered women whose animals have been abused.
Myths used to legitimize the exploitation of animals: an application of Social Dominance Theory
Contributor(s):: Hyers, L. L.
Social Dominance Theory (SDT) is used as a framework for understanding human attitudes towards the use of animals. According to SDT, people high in Social Dominance Orientation (SDO) prefer a hierarchically stratified society and generate "legitimizing myths" to justify their privileges. To...
Owning a dog and working: a telephone survey of dog owners and employers in Sweden
Contributor(s):: Norling, A. Y., Keeling, L.
Many dog owners are faced with the problem of what to do with their dog when they go to work. Different solutions to the problem may affect dogs, owners, and employers. In this study, 204 working, Swedish dog owners and 90 employers were interviewed by telephone regarding practical issues and...
Stakeholder attitudes toward farm animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Heleski, C. R., Mertig, A. G., Zanella, A. J.
We developed a survey to measure attitudes toward farm animal welfare, then targeted two US groups considered highly influential in this area: veterinary college faculty members with large animal/food animal emphasis (VCF) and animal science faculty members (ANS). The survey was conducted via...
Survival of bottlenose dolphin ( Tursiops sp.) calves at a wild dolphin provisioning program, Tangalooma, Australia
Contributor(s):: Neil, D. T., Holmes, B. J.
Mortality of calves born to provisioned mothers is identified in the literature as an issue of concern in dolphin provisioning programs. Wild dolphin provisioning at Tangalooma, Moreton Island, Australia has been occurring since 1992. Each evening, up to eight dolphins are provided with fish in a...
A case study employing operant conditioning to reduce stress of capture for red-bellied tamarins ( Saguinus labiatus )
Contributor(s):: Owen, Y., Amory, J. R.
Traditional techniques used to capture New World monkeys, such as net capture, can induce high levels of acute stress detrimental to welfare. Alternatively, training nonhuman animals via operant conditioning to voluntarily participate in husbandry and/or veterinary practices is accepted as a...
A case study of orangutan and siamang behavior within a mixed-species zoo exhibit
Contributor(s):: Pearson, E. L., Davis, J. M., Litchfield, C. A.
This empirical case study assessed the behavior and welfare of 2 orangutans (Pongo abelii) and 2 siamangs (Symphalangus syndactylus) within a mixed-species zoo exhibit. The study used instantaneous scan-sampling to record behavior, location, and interspecies proximity over 174 hr and...
A case study: fecal corticosteroid and behavior as indicators of welfare during relocation of an Asian elephant
Contributor(s):: Laws, N., Ganswindt, A., Heistermann, M., Harris, M., Harris, S., Sherwin, C.
This study was a preliminary investigation of an enzyme immunoassay for measuring fecal glucocorticoid metabolites in a male Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) by investigating changes in behavior and cortisol metabolite excretion associated with a putative stressful event. The study collected...
A case study: the effect of visitors on two captive pumas with respect to the time of the day
Contributor(s):: Maia, C. M., Volpato, G. L., Santos, E. F.
This study analyzed the effects of noise levels and number of visitors on the behaviors of a mother puma and her daughter in a zoo environment with respect to the time of day. The study monitored visitation (noise and number) over two 1-week periods (4 weeks between periods) and frequency of...
A close keeper-nonhuman animal distance does not reduce undesirable behavior in contact yard goats and sheep
Contributor(s):: Anderson, U. S., Maple, T. L., Bloomsmith, M. A.
This study investigated the relation between zookeeper-nonhuman animal distance and the undesirable behaviour that goats and sheep exhibited toward visitors of Zoo Atlanta's (Georgia, USA) contact yard. It hypothesized that a close distance between keeper and animal would be associated with a...