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  1. Multiple acts of birding: the Education, ethics and ontology of bird watching in Ontario

    Contributor(s):: Gavan Peter Longley Watson

    While bird watching has captured the attention of those interested in fostering an experiential connection to the more-than-human, research conducted to date often assumes birding to be a heterogeneous act. As an example of free-choice learning, this work positions birding as a kind of...

  2. The Chicken Challenge – What Contemporary Studies Of Fowl Mean For Science And Ethics

    Contributor(s):: Carolynn L. Smith, Jane Johnson

    Studies with captive fowl have revealed that they possess greater cognitive capacities than previously thought. We now know that fowl have sophisticated cognitive and communicative skills, which had hitherto been associated only with certain primates. Several theories have been advanced to...

  3. Social dimensions of the human-avian bond: parrots and their persons

    Contributor(s):: Anderson, P. K.

    Though birds are among the most popular companion animals in the United States, little scholarly research has focused on the human- companion parrot relationship. This study uses an ethnographic approach and qualitative analysis to examine the parrot-pet owner relationship. Two and one half weeks...

  4. Centre for Human Animal Studies

    The Centre for Human Animal Studies (CfHAS) is an interdisciplinary forum for research and activities that engage with the complex material, ethical and symbolic relationships between humans and other animals. CfHAS brings together scholars from the arts and humanities, social sciences and...

  5. Human-animal relationships at sheep and cattle abattoirs

    Contributor(s):: Coleman, G. J., Rice, M., Hemsworth, P. H.

  6. Feather damaging behaviour in parrots: a review with consideration of comparative aspects

    | Contributor(s):: Zeeland, Y. R. A. van, Spruit, B. M., Rodenburg, T. B., Riedstra, B., Hierden, Y. M. van, Buitenhuis, B., Korte, S. M., Lumeij, J. T.

    Feather damaging behaviour (also referred to as feather picking or feather plucking) is a behavioural disorder that is frequently encountered in captive parrots. This disorder has many characteristics that are similar to trichotillomania, an impulse control disorder in humans. Unfortunately, to...

  7. Human-animal relationships and ecocriticism: A study of the representation of animals in poetry from Malawi, Zimbabwe, and South Africa

    | Contributor(s):: Syned Dale Makani Mthatiwa

    This study analyses the manner in which animals are represented in selected poetry from Malawi, Zimbabwe and South Africa. It discusses the various modes of animal representation the poets draw on, and the ideological influences on their manner of animal representation. It explores the kinds of...

  8. People as social actors in the world of farm animals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jeffrey Rushen, Anne Marie de Passille, Lene Munksgaard, Hajima Tanida, L. J. Keeling (editor), H. W. Gonyou (editor)

    It is generally accepted that the behaviour of companion animals and that of their owners is closely connected, but this is much less appreciated for farm animals. Recently, the marked effect that farmers or stock people can have upon the behaviour and the productivity of farm animals has become...

  9. Tags on seabirds: how seriously are instrument-induced behaviours considered?

    | Contributor(s):: Vandenabeele, S. P., Wilson, R. P., Grogan, A.

    Equipping birds with tags (defined as any item externally attached to birds, including transmitters, loggers and flipper bands, or implanted devices, such as transponders) gives particular insights into animal biology, although researchers may not give systematic consideration of tag impact. We...

  10. Position in the peck order and response to human threat in domestic fowl

    | Contributor(s):: Syme, L. A., Syme, G. J.

    Three groups of 8 domestic fowl (two all male, and one all female) were subjected to repeated physical threat by a human in group and individual conditions. The last bird to retreat in the group-testing (longest latency for individual measures) and the first (shortest latency) to approach after...

  11. Social and spatial organization of male behaviour in mated domestic fowl

    | Contributor(s):: Pamment, P., Foenander, F., McBride, G.

    Observations were made of male spacing, mating and agonistic behaviour in 2 pens of mated domestic fowl. In both pens, site attachment was found, with a bunching of observations for cocks living close to a wall. High-ranking males appeared to move over smaller areas than did low-ranking males. A...

  12. The role of behavior in poultry production: a review of research

    | Contributor(s):: Siegel, P. B.

    Historically, behaviour has played a subtle but primary role in chicken meat and egg production. Although the implications of behaviour to husbandry practices have become more visible in recent years, research has lagged behind the technological changes which have occurred in poultry production....

  13. Voluntary regulation of lighting by domestic fowls in Skinner boxes

    | Contributor(s):: Savory, C. J., Duncan, I. J. H.

    Preferences of broiler and layer strains of fowl for light and dark were investigated in experiments with Skinner boxes. The birds were trained to operate a light switch by pecking responses. With a background of darkness, and with 1 or 3 min of light (15 lux) per response, both types of fowl had...

  14. Aversion of domestic fowl to whole-body vibratory motion

    | Contributor(s):: Rutter, S. M., Randall, J. M.

    Although human response to whole-body vibration has been studied in some detail, there has been little research into animal response to such stimulation even though the welfare of domestic animals may be compromised during transport. A study is described in which domestic fowls were tested in a...

  15. Diurnal and individual variation in behaviour of restricted-fed broiler breeders

    | Contributor(s):: Savory, C. J., Kostal, L., Hughes, B. O.

  16. Egg-laying behaviour and nest-site selection of domestic hens kept in small floor-pens

    | Contributor(s):: Rietveld-Piepers, B., Blokhuis, H. J., Wiepkema, P. R.

    The development of egg-laying behaviour and nest-site choice is described in 7 flocks of White Leghorn hens housed in small floor-pens. Special interest was directed towards social dominance and the effect of the presence of a cock on the hen's nest-site choice. In the weeks before the hens came...

  17. Factors influencing floor-laying by hens in modified cages

    | Contributor(s):: Sherwin, C. M., Nicol, C. J.

    Observations were needed to determine if floor-laying was influenced by rearing hens in cages or on litter, by their age at transfer to the modified cages or social interactions. Cage- and litter-reared birds were obtained at 97 days of age and housed either immediately in modified cages or at...

  18. Fear levels in laying hens carried by hand and by mechanical conveyors

    | Contributor(s):: Scott, G. B., Moran, P.

    The fear levels of 5 groups of 16 end-of-lay hens were assessed on 3 consecutive days using the tonic immobility test. The groups were subjected to the following conditions: Group 1 to conveyance on a flat belt conveyor; Group 2 to inversion and conveyance by hand; Group 3 to conveyance by a...

  19. Measuring aversion in domestic fowl using passive avoidance

    | Contributor(s):: Rutter, S. M., Duncan, J. H.

    There is a need for objective methods to determine how domestic animals feel about the husbandry procedures to which they are exposed. A passive avoidance technique was investigated as a measure of aversion in domestic fowl. The avoidance task required the hens to suppress a previously acquired...

  20. Problem solving by domestic hens: opening doors to reach nest sites

    | Contributor(s):: Smith, S. F., Appleby, M. C., Hughes, B. O.

    In a trial of cage designs for laying hens, eggs were discovered in dust baths where access was restricted by a closed door during the normal laying period (08:00-13:00 h). Observations showed that the hens in these dust bath treatments had developed methods of opening the doors in order to lay...