Brexit and Animal Protection: Legal and Political Context and a Framework to Assess Impacts on Animal Welfare
| Contributor(s):: Steven P. McCulloch
The British people voted to leave the European Union (EU) in a 2016 referendum. The United Kingdom (UK) has been a member of the EU since the Maastricht Treaty was signed in 1993 and before that a member of the European Communities (EC) since 1973. EU animal health and welfare regulations and...
Saving lives by taking a one health approach : connecting human, animal, and environmental health
| Contributor(s):: National Center for Emerging Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (U.S.). One Health Office
More than half of all infections that people can get can be spread by animals. Diseases like rabies, Salmonella, and West Nile virus infections are examples of zoonotic diseases (or zoonoses)—diseases that can be shared between animals and people. Every year, tens of thousands of...
A Comparison of Walking Rates Between Wild and Zoo African Elephants
| Contributor(s):: Miller, Lance J., Chase, Michael J., Hacker, Charlotte E.
With increased scrutiny surrounding the welfare of elephants in zoological institutions, it is important to have empirical evidence on their current welfare status. If elephants are not receiving adequate exercise, it could lead to obesity, which can lead to many issues including acyclicity and...
Fatal Tuberculosis in a Free-Ranging African Elephant and One Health Implications of Human Pathogens in Wildlife
| Contributor(s):: Michele A. Miller, Peter Buss, Eduard O. Roos, Guy Hausler, Anzaan Dippenaar, Emily Mitchell, Louis van Schalkwyk, Suelee Robbe-Austerman, W. Ray Waters, Alina Sikar-Gang, Konstantin P. Lyashchenko, Sven D. C. Parsons, Robin Warren, Paul van Helden
Tuberculosis (TB) in humans is a global public health concern and the discovery of animal cases of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection and disease, especially in multi-host settings, also has significant implications for public health, veterinary disease control, and conservation...
Animals and the shaping of modern medicine: One health and its histories
| Contributor(s):: Abigail Woods, Michael Bresalier, Angela Cassidy, Rachel Mason Dentinger
Part of the Medicine and Biomedical Sciences in Modern History book series (MBSMH)
Evaluating the Efficacy of Knowledge-Transfer Interventions on Animal Health Knowledge of Rural Working Equid Owners in Central Ethiopia: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial
| Contributor(s):: Andrew P. Stringer, Rob M. Christley, Catriona E. Bell, Feseha Gebreab, Gebre Tefera, Karen Reed, Andrew Trawford, Gina L. Pinchbeck
The objectives of this study were to evaluate the efficacy of several knowledge-transfer interventions about donkey health, utilizing a cluster-randomized controlled trial (c-RCT), on the long-term knowledge change (∼6 months post intervention) of Ethiopian rural working equid owners....
A comparison of inferential analysis methods for multilevel studies: Implications for drawing conclusions in animal welfare science
| Contributor(s):: Stevens, Kara N., Asher, Lucy, Griffin, Kym, Friel, Mary, O'Connell, Niamh, Collins, Lisa M.
Investigations comparing the behaviour and welfare of animals in different environments have led to mixed and often conflicting results. These could arise from genuine differences in welfare, poor validity of indicators, low statistical power, publication bias, or inappropriate statistical...
Zoonosis : prospects and challenges for medical anthropology
| Contributor(s):: Frédéric Keck, Christos Lynteris
In recent years anthropologists have shown an increasing interest in ‘zoonoses’: diseases naturally transmitted from nonhuman animals to humans, such as anthrax, brucellosis, influenza, hantavirus syndromes, Middle East respiratory syndrome, plague, and rabies. Animal-derived...
Human, animal and environmental contributors to antibiotic resistance in low resource settings: integrating behavioural, epidemiological and One Health approaches
| Contributor(s):: Emily K Rousham, Leanne Unicomb, Mohammad Aminul Islam
Antibiotic resistance (ABR) is recognised as a One Health challenge because of the rapid emergence and dissemination of resistant bacteria and genes among humans, animals and the environment on a global scale. However, there is a paucity of research assessing ABR contemporaneously in humans,...
Preventing zoonotic diseases in immunocompromised persons: the role of physicians and veterinarians.
| Contributor(s):: Sara Grant, Christopher W. Olsen
Epidemiology of Leptospirosis in Africa: A Systematic Review of a Neglected Zoonosis and a Paradigm for 'One Health' in Africa
| Contributor(s):: Kathryn J. Allan, Holly M. Biggs, Jo E.B. Halliday, Rudovick R. Kazwala, Venance P. Maro, Sarah Cleaveland, John A. Crump
Background Leptospirosis is an important but neglected bacterial zoonosis that has been largely overlooked in Africa. In this systematic review, we aimed to summarise and compare current knowledge of: (1) the geographic distribution, prevalence, incidence and diversity of acute human...
Surveillance for respiratory and diarrheal pathogens at the human-pig interface in Sarawak, Malaysia
| Contributor(s):: Laura K. Borkenhagen, Kerry A. Mallinson, Rick W. Tsao, Siaw-Jing Ha, Wei-Honn Lim, Teck-Hock Toh, Benjamin D. Anderson, Jane K. Fieldhouse, Sarah E. Philo, Kuek-Sen Chong, William G. Lindsley, Alejandro Ramirez, James F. Lowe, Kristen K. Coleman, Gregory C. Gray
Background The large livestock operations and dense human population of Southeast Asia are considered a hot-spot for emerging viruses. Objectives To determine if the pathogens adenovirus (ADV), coronavirus (CoV), encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV), enterovirus (EV), influenza A-D (IAV, IBV, ICV,...
The Ties that Bind: One Health | Sharon Deem | TEDxGatewayArchSalon
| Contributor(s):: Sharon Deem
Sharon discusses the idea of One World Health - plants, animals and humans need to find a path to balance. As man disrupts the natural systems it disrupts the health of other living things which in turn cause problems that were not obviously predictable. We need to be aware of the disruptions...
A Mini Review of the Zoonotic Threat Potential of Influenza Viruses, Coronaviruses, Adenoviruses, and Enteroviruses
| Contributor(s):: Emily S Bailey, Jane K Fieldhouse, Jessica Y Choi, Gregory C Gray
During the last two decades, scientists have grown increasingly aware that viruses are emerging from the human–animal interface. In particular, respiratory infections are problematic; in early 2003, World Health Organization issued a worldwide alert for a previously unrecognized illness...
The continual threat of influenza virus infections at the human–animal interface: What is new from a one health perspective?
| Contributor(s):: Emily S Bailey, Jessica Y Choi, Jane K Fieldhouse, Laura Borkenhagen, Juliana Zemke, Dingmei Zhang, Gregory C Gray
This year, in 2018, we mark 100 years since the 1918 influenza pandemic. In the last 100 years, we have expanded our knowledge of public health and increased our ability to detect and prevent influenza; however, we still face challenges resulting from these continually evolving viruses. Today,...
One Health approach to controlling a Q fever outbreak on an Australian goat farm
| Contributor(s):: K.A. Bond, G. Vincent, C.R. Wilks, L. Franklin, B. Sutton, J. Stenos, R. Cowan, K. Lim, E. Athan, O. Harris, L. Macfarlane-Berry, Y. Segal, S.M. Firestone
A recent outbreak of Q fever was linked to an intensive goat and sheep dairy farm in Victoria, Australia, 2012-2014. Seventeen employees and one family member were confirmed with Q fever over a 28-month period, including two culture-positive cases. The outbreak investigation and management...
The Animal Compassion Revolution has begun. | Erika Abrams | TEDxVIIT
| Contributor(s):: Erika Abrams
Instilling a sense of compassion towards the mute animals and creating an awareness of animals' suffering and their desperate need of our help, Erika believes and has delivered it in the best way possible that enlists paths to ensure a secure future of the animals of our Nation. Erika...
Sentinel Animals in a One Health Approach to Harmful Cyanobacterial and Algal Blooms
| Contributor(s):: Lorraine C. Backer, Melissa Miller
People, domestic animals, and wildlife are all exposed to numerous environmental threats, including harmful algal blooms (HABs). However, because animals exhibit wide variations in diet, land use and biology, they are often more frequently or heavily exposed to HAB toxins than are people...
Homeless & Orphan Pets Exist | SIEW CHIN CHONG | TEDxSUC
| Contributor(s):: Siew Chin Chong
AUNTY JIA JIA (CHONG SIEW CHIN) , the founder of the non-profit organization Persatuan Perlindungan dan Peliharaan Haiwan Terbiar Skudai - Homeless & Orphan Pets Exist (H.O.P.E.). She began to rescue stray animals in 2007. From early beginnings of 120 furkids, H.O.P.E. is now home to over...
Multisectoral prioritization of zoonotic diseases in Uganda, 2017: A One Health perspective
| Contributor(s):: Musa Sekamatte, Vikram Krishnasamy, Lilian Bulage, Christine Kihembo, Noelina Nantima, Fred Monje, Deo Ndumu, Juliet Sentumbwe, Betty Mbolanyi, Robert Aruho, Winyi Kaboyo, David Mutonga, Colin Basler, Sarah Paige, Casey Barton Behravesh
Background Zoonotic diseases continue to be a public health burden globally. Uganda is especially vulnerable due to its location, biodiversity, and population. Given these concerns, the Ugandan government in collaboration with the Global Health Security Agenda conducted a One Health Zoonotic...