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  1. Positive reinforcement training moderates only high levels of abnormal behavior in singly housed rhesus macaques

    Contributor(s):: Baker, K. C., Bloomsmith, M., Neu, K., Griffis, C., Maloney, M., Oettinger, B., Schoof, V. A. M., Martinez, M.

    This study evaluated the application of positive reinforcement training (PRT) as an intervention for abnormal behaviors in singly housed laboratory rhesus macaques at 2 large primate facilities. Training involved basic control behaviors and body-part presentation. The study compared baseline...

  2. Evoking trust in the nutrition counselor: why should we be trusted?

    Contributor(s):: Gingras, J.

    The virtue of trust is often spoken of as central to the work of dietitians working in nutrition counseling, especially in the context of disordered eating/eating disorders nutrition therapy. Indeed, dietitians are purported to be the most trusted source of information on nutrition and food by...

  3. Effect of milkflow rate and presence of a floating nipple on abnormal sucking between dairy calves. (Special issue: Suckling)

    Contributor(s):: Loberg, J., Lidfors, L.

    The aim of this study was to investigate if access to an artificial teat, compared with an open bucket, would decrease abnormal sucking in calves held in pairs, and if the calves would perform less abnormal sucking if they spent more time drinking or sucking milk. Sixteen calves of Swedish Red...

  4. Effects of amount of milk, milk flow and access to a rubber teat on cross-sucking and non-nutritive sucking in dairy calves. (Special issue: Suckling)

    Contributor(s):: Jung, J., Lidfors, L.

    The aim of this study was to test the effects of different amounts of milk, rate of milk flow, and access to a teat after milk intake on non-nutritive sucking on an empty teat and on cross-sucking on other calves in Bos taurus dairy calves. An additional aim was to test if calves prefer to...

  5. Reduction in cross-sucking in calves by the use of a modified automatic teat feeder. (Special issue: Suckling)

    Contributor(s):: Weber, R., Wechsler, B.

    Cross-sucking may be a problem in group-housed calves fed by automatic teat feeders. In the present study, the behaviour of calves fed by a conventional feeder with an open feeding stall (n=15 calves) was compared with the behaviour of calves fed by a modified feeder, which closes in the rear...

  6. Sucking motivation and related problems in calves. (Special issue: Suckling)

    Contributor(s):: Passille, A. M. de

    Because the survival of young mammals depends on sucking success, it is assumed that sucking motivation must be strong and that sucking deprivation would result in frustration, which could have a negative impact on the animals' welfare. This concern, as well as that regarding cross-sucking...

  7. The effect of early environment on neophobia in orange-winged Amazon parrots ( Amazona amazonica )

    Contributor(s):: Fox, R. A., Millam, J. R.

    Early experience is often a significant factor in shaping animals' later behaviour. Early maternal separation is associated with negative behavioral outcomes, such as increased fearfulness in rats, while higher levels of maternal grooming during the neonatal period are associated with decreased...

  8. Human and animal inter-relationships. Review Series: 6. Behavioural problems of cats: II

    Contributor(s):: Blackshaw, J. K.