Survival of bottlenose dolphin ( Tursiops sp.) calves at a wild dolphin provisioning program, Tangalooma, Australia
Contributor(s):: Neil, D. T., Holmes, B. J.
Mortality of calves born to provisioned mothers is identified in the literature as an issue of concern in dolphin provisioning programs. Wild dolphin provisioning at Tangalooma, Moreton Island, Australia has been occurring since 1992. Each evening, up to eight dolphins are provided with fish in a...
Aggression and welfare in a common aquarium fish, the Midas cichlid
Contributor(s):: Oldfield, R. G.
Many species of fishes are aggressive when placed in small aquaria. Aggression can negatively affect the welfare of those individuals toward whom it is directed. Animals may behave aggressively in order to defend resources such as food, shelter, mates, and offspring. The decision to defend...
An empirical case study examining effectiveness of environmental enrichment in two captive Australian Sea Lions ( Neophoca cinerea )
Contributor(s):: Smith, B. P., Litchfield, C. A.
This case study examined the effect of environmental enrichment on the activity budgets of a male and female Australian Sea Lion (Neophoca cinerea) housed together at Adelaide Zoo. Using non-food-related (intrinsic) and food-related (extrinsic) enrichment objects, the study conducted an ABABA...
Behavior of a solitary sociable female bottlenose dolphin ( Tursiops truncatus ) off the coast of Kent, southeast England
Contributor(s):: Eisfeld, S. M., Simmonds, M. P., Stansfield, L. R.
This article provides a report of the behavior of a solitary sociable dolphin studied on the southeast coast of England in 2007. This is the first study of its kind in which behavior of such a nonhuman animal was systematically studied. By the time of this study, this young female was highly...
Effects of pool size on free-choice selections by Atlantic bottlenosed dolphins at one zoo facility
Contributor(s):: Shyan, M. R., Merritt, D., Kohlmeier, N. M., Barton, K., Tenge, J.
Dolphin pool design often derives from the concept that cetaceans are ocean based and ipso facto should live in open, deep, watery spaces. This emotionally appealing rationale is not data driven. Researchers report that in the wild, some populations of Atlantic bottlenosed dolphins Tursiops...
Fish in aquariums for aesthetically enhancing public spaces (AAEPS): an incipient welfare issue?
Contributor(s):: Soo, P., Todd, P. A.
In Disney/Pixar's phenomenally popular animated film Finding Nemo (Stanton, 2003), one of the central themes of fish welfare was highlighted when the moorish idol, Gill, commented, "Fish aren't meant to be kept in a box, kid. It does things to you." The notion that fish might have the capacity to...
Interspecific evaluation of octopus escape behavior
Contributor(s):: Wood, J. B., Anderson, R. C.
The well-known ability of octopuses to escape enclosures is a behavior that can be fatal and, therefore, is an animal welfare issue. This study obtained survey data from 38 participants - primarily scientists and public aquarists who work with octopuses - on 25 described species of octopus. The...
Investigating fear in rainbow trout ( Oncorhynchus mykiss ) using the conditioned-suppression paradigm
Contributor(s):: Yue, S., Duncan, I. J. H., Moccia, R. D.
Trout learned the operant task of pendulum-pressing for a food-reward in a mean of 4.3 sessions lasting 1 hr. In a separate phase, fish also learned - through classical conditioning - to associate a neutral light cue with an aversive stimulus. When again allowed to pendulum-press for food, after...
Octopuses ( Enteroctopus dofleini ) recognize individual humans
Contributor(s):: Anderson, R. C., Mather, J. A., Monette, M. Q., Zimsen, S. R. M.
This study exposed 8 Enteroctopus dofleini separately to 2 unfamiliar individual humans over a 2-week period under differing circumstances. One person consistently fed the octopuses and the other touched them with a bristly stick. Each human recorded octopus body patterns, behaviors, and...
Physiological responses in wild broodstocks of the Caspian Kutum (Rutilus frisii kutum) subjected to transportation stress
Contributor(s):: Nikoo, M., Falahatkar, B.
A survey of the attitudes of stakeholders in the zoo industry towards the husbandry requirements of captive Great Apes
Contributor(s):: Fernie, A. C., Tribe, A., Murray, P. J., Lisle, A., Phillips, C. J. C.
Evidence for pain in decapod crustaceans
Contributor(s):: Elwood, R. W.
Salivary cortisol in captive dolphins (Tursiops truncatus): a non-invasive technique
Contributor(s):: Pedernera-Romano, C., Valdez, R. A., Singh, S., Chiappa, X., Romano, M. C., Galindo, F.
The Canadian harp seal hunt: observations on the effectiveness of procedures to avoid poor animal welfare outcomes
Contributor(s):: Daoust, P. Y., Caraguel, C.
The effect of cover on food consumption and growth in two freshwater fish species used in experimental studies
Contributor(s):: Wootton, R. J., Handisyde, N., Rowe, C.
Welfare risk assessment: the benefits and common pitfalls
Contributor(s):: Collins, L. M.
Current issues in fish welfare
Contributor(s):: Huntingford, F. A., Adams, C., Braithwaite, V. A., Kadri, S., Pottinger, T. G., Sandoe, P., Turnbull, J. F.
This article presents a broad overview of the current understanding of a number of issues relating to the welfare of cultured and wild fish. Relationships between science, ethics and welfare; the perception of fear and pain; the costs and benefits of human interactions with fishes; natural...
Moral and empirical dimensions of human-animal interactions in ecotourism: deepening an otherwise shallow pool of debate
Contributor(s):: Fennell, D., Nowaczek, A.
Although ecotourism is often theorised as a hard path and ecocentric, in the last decade such travel has softened to accommodate heightened demand in a growing number of regions, and the inclusion of other more consumptive types of activities. In light of these changes, we focus on the moral...
Animal welfare and organic aquaculture in open systems
Contributor(s):: Cottee, S. Y., Petersan, P.
The principles of organic farming espouse a holistic approach to agriculture that promotes sustainable and harmonious relationships amongst the natural environment, plants and animals, as well as regard for animals' physiological and behavioral needs. However, open aquaculture systems - both...
Consumer attitudes towards the development of animal-friendly husbandry systems
Contributor(s):: Frewer, L. J., Kole, A., Kroon, S. M. A. van de, Lauwere, C. de
Recent policy developments in the area of livestock husbandry have suggested that, from the perspective of optimizing animal welfare, new animal husbandry systems should be developed that provide opportunities for livestock animals to be raised in environments where they are permitted to engage...