Cortisol levels in dolphin Tursiops truncatus interactive programs linked to humanNiveles de cortisol en delfines Tursiops truncatus vinculados a programas interactivos con humanos
Contributor(s):: Sanchez Okrucky, R., Morales Vela, B.
Understanding the physiological changes in animals during physical activity to improve animal welfare has become increasingly important in animal collections that remain under human care. To date, the effect of interactive programs on dolphins under human care has not been evaluated, for that...
In the water with white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias): participants' beliefs toward cage-diving in Australia
| Contributor(s):: Apps, K., Dimmock, K., Lloyd, D., Huveneers, C.
White shark (Carcharodon carcharias) cage-diving tourism is a controversial activity that provokes emotional and often opposing points of view. With increasing demand for shark tourism since the 1990s, the un- derlying determinants driving this growth in participation remain unclear. This paper...
Is Dolphin-Watching Sustainable in Bocas del Toro, Panama
| Contributor(s):: Ashley Sitar
Due to concerns of unsustainable dolphin watching tourism in Bocas del Toro, and the increase in dolphin mortality in Bocas due to dolphin watching boat collisions research was conducted in the summer of 2013, to evaluate the severity of the situation, and to assess the tourists and boat...
In the water with white sharks ( Carcharodon carcharias): participants' beliefs toward cage-diving in Australia
White shark ( Carcharodon carcharias) cage-diving tourism is a controversial activity that provokes emotional and often opposing points of view. With increasing demand for shark tourism since the 1990s, the underlying determinants driving this growth in participation remain unclear. This paper...
A "how-to" guide for designing judgment bias studies to assess captive animal welfare
| Contributor(s):: Bethell, E. J.
Robust methods to assess nonhuman animal emotion are essential for ensuring good welfare in captivity. Cognitive bias measures such as the judgment bias task have recently emerged as promising tools to assess animal emotion. The simple design and objective response measures make judgment bias...
Consistent individual differences in the behavioural responsiveness of adult male cuttlefish ( Sepia officinalis)
| Contributor(s):: Carere, C., Grignani, G., Bonanni, R., Gala, M. della, Carlini, A., Angeletti, D., Cimmaruta, R., Nascetti, G., Mather, J. A.
Consistent individual differences in clusters of behaviour (animal personalities) are being increasingly recognized by researchers of different disciplines, but studies on invertebrates are still scanty. In order to test for the presence of personality-like individual profiles we assessed the...
Survival of bottlenose dolphin ( Tursiops sp.) calves at a wild dolphin provisioning program, Tangalooma, Australia
| Contributor(s):: Neil, D. T., Holmes, B. J.
Mortality of calves born to provisioned mothers is identified in the literature as an issue of concern in dolphin provisioning programs. Wild dolphin provisioning at Tangalooma, Moreton Island, Australia has been occurring since 1992. Each evening, up to eight dolphins are provided with fish in a...
Less common house pets
| Contributor(s):: Chomel, B. B., Schlossberg, D.
This chapter focuses on the major health threats associated with exposure of humans to less common house pets. The viral, bacterial, parasitic and mycotic zoonoses transmitted by pet rabbits, rodents, reptiles, amphibians, ornamental aquarium fish, ferrets, bats and nonhuman primates are...
Aggression and welfare in a common aquarium fish, the Midas cichlid
| Contributor(s):: Oldfield, R. G.
Many species of fishes are aggressive when placed in small aquaria. Aggression can negatively affect the welfare of those individuals toward whom it is directed. Animals may behave aggressively in order to defend resources such as food, shelter, mates, and offspring. The decision to defend...
An empirical case study examining effectiveness of environmental enrichment in two captive Australian Sea Lions ( Neophoca cinerea )
| Contributor(s):: Smith, B. P., Litchfield, C. A.
This case study examined the effect of environmental enrichment on the activity budgets of a male and female Australian Sea Lion (Neophoca cinerea) housed together at Adelaide Zoo. Using non-food-related (intrinsic) and food-related (extrinsic) enrichment objects, the study conducted an ABABA...
Behavior of a solitary sociable female bottlenose dolphin ( Tursiops truncatus ) off the coast of Kent, southeast England
| Contributor(s):: Eisfeld, S. M., Simmonds, M. P., Stansfield, L. R.
This article provides a report of the behavior of a solitary sociable dolphin studied on the southeast coast of England in 2007. This is the first study of its kind in which behavior of such a nonhuman animal was systematically studied. By the time of this study, this young female was highly...
Effects of pool size on free-choice selections by Atlantic bottlenosed dolphins at one zoo facility
| Contributor(s):: Shyan, M. R., Merritt, D., Kohlmeier, N. M., Barton, K., Tenge, J.
Dolphin pool design often derives from the concept that cetaceans are ocean based and ipso facto should live in open, deep, watery spaces. This emotionally appealing rationale is not data driven. Researchers report that in the wild, some populations of Atlantic bottlenosed dolphins Tursiops...
Octopuses ( Enteroctopus dofleini ) recognize individual humans
| Contributor(s):: Anderson, R. C., Mather, J. A., Monette, M. Q., Zimsen, S. R. M.
This study exposed 8 Enteroctopus dofleini separately to 2 unfamiliar individual humans over a 2-week period under differing circumstances. One person consistently fed the octopuses and the other touched them with a bristly stick. Each human recorded octopus body patterns, behaviors, and...
Attitudes toward animals: a study of Portuguese children
| Contributor(s):: Almeida, A., Vasconcelos, C., Strecht-Ribeiro, O.
In this study we analyzed the attitudes toward different animals in 210 Portuguese children: 107 boys and 103 girls, aged between 8 and 10 years, attending the 3rd and 4th years of primary school. We used a questionnaire with two distinct parts. In the first part, the children were asked about...
The effect of morphine on changes in behaviour and physiology in intraperitoneally vaccinated Atlantic salmon ( Salmo salar)
| Contributor(s):: Nordgreen, J., Bjorge, M. H., Janczak, A. M., Poppe, T., Koppang, E. O., Ranheim, B., Horsberg, T. E.
The positional quality of life and death: a theory of human-animal relations in animism
| Contributor(s):: Praet, I.
"Gift giving" by wild bottle-nose dolphins (Tursiops sp.) to humans at a wild dolphin provisioning program, Tangalooma, Australia
| Contributor(s):: Holmes, B. J., Neil, D. T.
Since 1992, wild dolphin provisioning has occurred on a nightly basis at Tangalooma, a resort located on Moreton Island, Australia. Each evening at dusk up to 12 bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.) are provided with fish in a regulated provisioning program. Since July 1998, biologists managing...
Evidence for pain in decapod crustaceans
| Contributor(s):: Elwood, R. W.
Salivary cortisol in captive dolphins (Tursiops truncatus): a non-invasive technique
| Contributor(s):: Pedernera-Romano, C., Valdez, R. A., Singh, S., Chiappa, X., Romano, M. C., Galindo, F.
The Canadian harp seal hunt: observations on the effectiveness of procedures to avoid poor animal welfare outcomes
| Contributor(s):: Daoust, P. Y., Caraguel, C.