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  1. Skin diseases of different etiology in dogs

    Contributor(s):: Stolbova, O. A.

  2. Evaluation of pharmacokinetics and efficacy of ivermectin following oral administration in dogs against experimental infection of Ctenocephalides felis felis and Rhipicephalus sanguineus

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Magalhaes, V. S., Cid, Y. P., Ferreira, T. P., Medeiros, D. M. V., Batista, L. C. de S. O., Correia, T. R., Albert, A. L. M., Scott, F. B.

    With the increasing number of pets in home the human-animal relationship is increasingly close and care about control disease growing. Ivermectin (IVM) is frequently used because its proven safety. IVM is recommended for the treatment of demodectic scabies and prevention of heartworm in dogs, but...

  3. Protocol for expert report on animal welfare in case of companion animal cruelty suspicion

    | Contributor(s):: Hammerschmidt, J., Molento, C. F. M.

    Animal welfare expert reports may support court decisions when animal abuse or maltreatment is suspected. The objective of this work is to adapt animal welfare assessment protocols to identify companion animal abuse. The proposed protocol includes four indicator categories: nutritional, comfort,...

  4. Around cats

    | Contributor(s):: Goldstein, E. J. C., Greene, C. E., Schlossberg, D.

    This chapter focuses on diseases transmitted from cats to humans. The diseases transmitted by inhalation (bordetellosis, plague and Q fever), vectors (ehrlichiosis, anaplasmosis, cat scratch disease, bacillary angiomatosis, flea-borne spotted fever, murine typhus and leishmaniasis), faecal-oral...

  5. With man's best friend

    | Contributor(s):: Collins, J. M., Lorber, B., Schlossberg, D.

    This chapter focuses on human diseases associated with exposure to dogs. The epidemiology of local infections following dog bites, as well as the initial bite management, antibiotic prophylaxis, antibiotic treatment of infection, and prevention of dog bites are discussed. The life-threatening...

  6. Hormonal stress response of laboratory mice to conventional and minimally invasive bleeding techniques

    | Contributor(s):: Voigt, C. C., Klockner, P., Touma, C., Neuschl, C., Brockmann, G., Goritz, F., Palme, R., Thomsen, R.

  7. Ethical issues associated with sheep fly strike research, prevention, and control

    | Contributor(s):: Morris, M. C.

    This paper deals with ethical issues associated with fly strike research, prevention and control. It is argued that in their attempt to find control solutions and to understand the disorder, Australasian researchers increase sheep suffering by conducting experiments that artificially induce fly...

  8. Altered aggression in different sized groups of crayfish supports a dynamic social behaviour model

    | Contributor(s):: Patullo, B. W., Baird, H. P., Macmillan, D. L.

    Living in groups with conspecifics can increase an animal's fitness in the wild. A social environment may also be imposed by commercial farming industries. One important measure of competition and group dynamics is the level of aggressive interaction. This can also influence the level of damage...

  9. Effect of infestation with Psoroptes ovis on the nocturnal rubbing and lying behaviour of housed sheep

    | Contributor(s):: Berriatua, E., French, N. P., Broster, C. E., Morgan, K. L., Wall, R.

    The relationship between Psoroptes ovis infestation and the nocturnal rubbing and lying behaviour of sheep was examined as part of a longitudinal study of sheep scab. A total of 40 non-infested, scab-naive sheep were divided into six groups of between 6 and 20 individuals and each group was...

  10. Grooming and control of fleas in cats

    | Contributor(s):: Eckstein, R. A., Hart, B. L.

    Oral grooming is common in cats, as in rodent and bovid species where grooming has been shown to be effective in removing lice and ticks. In Experiment 1, we examined the effectiveness of oral grooming in removing fleas which are the main ectoparasite of cats. Elizabethan collars (E-collars)...

  11. Hygiene measures for animal-assisted interventions in hospitals, rehabilitation hospitals and retirement homes

    | Contributor(s):: Hoffmann, C., Herr, C., Eikmann, T.

    Active or passive interactions with animals in animal-assisted interventions can be of great physical (reduction of hypertension, cardiac and circulatory troubles, muscle relaxation, pain relief etc.) and psychosocial (reduction of loneliness, fear and hostility, improvement of self-confidence)...

  12. Face-fly pest intensity, fly-avoidance behavior (bunching) and grazing time in Holstein heifers

    | Contributor(s):: Schmidtmann, E. T., Valla, M. E.

    In field studies in New York State in 1978-79, the relationship between feeding by adults of Musca autumnalis Deg., and fly-avoidance behaviour (bunching) and grazing time of heifers was examined in herds that were either exposed to the ambient pest intensity levels or treated with permethrin...

  13. Refuge-seeking and pest avoidance by feral horses in desert and island environments

    | Contributor(s):: Keiper, R. R., Berger, J.

    Patterns of resource exploitation were examined among 2 populations of feral horses in the USA, to investigate whether harassment by insects results in the use of 'refuge' sites to minimise pest pressures. In the first study site, Assateague, a barrier island off the Atlantic coast of Maryland...

  14. Effects of headfly ( Hydrotaea irritans Fallen) infestations and repellents on ear-flicking and head-shaking behaviour of farmed red deer ( Cervus elaphus L.)

    | Contributor(s):: Woollard, T. H., Bullock, D. J.

    The effects of Hydrotaea irritans on farmed red deer in Scotland are described. The degree of irritation by headfly varied with the age and sex of the deer. Yearling hinds had higher ear-flicking rates than either yearling or adult stags. Both sexes of yearlings had higher head-shaking...

  15. Behavior of grazing cattle exposed to small populations of stable flies ( Stomoxys calcitrans L.)

    | Contributor(s):: Dougherty, C. T., Knapp, F. W., Burrus, P. B., Willis, D. C., Cornelius, P. L.

    The authors hypothesized that cattle grazing in the presence of low-level infections of stable flies may offset reductions of grazing time by increasing their rate of herbage intake, and that this may contribute to the determination of economic threshold populations. On 4 consecutive days, 4...

  16. Effects of habitat complexity on the aggressive behaviour of the American lobster ( Homarus americanus ) in captivity

    | Contributor(s):: Cenni, F., Parisi, G., Gherardi, F.

    The American lobster, Homarus americanus, is one of the most economically valuable crustacean decapods worldwide, being mostly exploited to foster the live animal industry. Lobsters are typically held in storage facilities where individuals may suffer due to the repeated combats among each other....

  17. Face flies ( Musca autumnalis De Geer) and the behavior of grazing beef cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Dougherty, C. T., Knapp, F. W., Burrus, P. B., Willis, D. C., Bradley, N. W.

    Zero, 400 or 800 laboratory-reared adult face flies (Musca autumnalis De Geer), which had been deprived of nutrients and water for 12 h, were released in large (5 m x 5 m x 2 m) screened enclosures each containing one tethered adult Angus beef cow (Bos taurus) grazing tall fescue (Festuca...

  18. Moderation of grazing behaviour of beef cattle by stable flies ( Stomoxys calcitrans L.)

    | Contributor(s):: Dougherty, C. T., Knapp, F. W., Burrus, P. B., Willis, D. C., Cornelius, P. L.

    Three concatenated latin squares (4 x 4) were used to evaluate the effects of stable flies on the behaviour of Angus cows grazing in screened enclosures. Four populations (0, 50, 100 and 150) of starved, laboratory-reared stable flies were released into each enclosure at 15 min intervals during 1...

  19. Multiple releases of stable flies ( Stomoxys calcitrans L.) and behaviour of grazing beef cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Dougherty, C. T., Knapp, F. W., Burrus, P. B., Willis, D. C., Cornelius, P. L., Bradley, N. W.

    A change-over statistical design with complete balance of first residual effects was used with a tethered grazing technique to evaluate the effects of arthropod ectoparasites on the behaviour of adult Angus beef cows (Bos taurus; body weight (BW), 465+or-30 kg) grazing vegetative tall fescue...

  20. Stable flies ( Stomoxys calcitrans L.) and the behaviour of grazing beef cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Dougherty, C. T., Knapp, F. W., Burrus, P. B., Willis, D. C., Burg, J. G., Cornelius, P. L., Bradley, N. W.

    A change-over design with complete balance for first residual effects was used with a tethered grazing technique to evaluate the effects of arthropod ectoparasites on the behaviour of adult Angus beef cows (Bos taurus) (body weight (BW), 465+or-30 kg) grazing vegetative tall fescue (Festuca...