Keeper-animal interactions: differences between the behaviour of zoo animals affect stockmanship
| Contributor(s):: Ward, S. J., Melfi, V.
Stockmanship is a term used to describe the management of animals with a good stockperson someone who does this in a in a safe, effective, and low-stress manner for both the stock-keeper and animals involved. Although impacts of unfamiliar zoo visitors on animal behaviour have been extensively...
Semi-ownership and sterilisation of cats and dogs in Thailand
| Contributor(s):: Toukhsati, S. R., Phillips, C. J. C., Podberscek, A. L., Coleman, G. J.
The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of cat and dog semi-ownership in Thailand and factors that predict sterilisation. Semi-ownership was defined as interacting/caring for a companion animal that the respondent does not own, such as a stray cat or dog. A randomised telephone...
Companion animals in Thailand: human factors that predict sterilization of cats and dogs
The prevalence of companion animal caregiving was estimated, and demographic and psychosocial factors that predict sterilization behaviors in caregivers in Thailand were identified. Thai nationals ( n=494) were recruited by random for the Culture and Human-Animal Interactions (CHAI) telephone...
Social group formation and genetic relatedness in reintroduced Asian elephants ( Elephas maximus) in Thailand
| Contributor(s):: Thitaram, C., Dejchaisri, S., Somgird, C., Angkawanish, T., Brown, J., Phumphuay, R., Chomdech, S., Kangwanpong, D.
Captive-held elephants were recruited from several parts of Thailand and released as part of a reintroduction project. Wild elephants with a herd matriarch generally contain the same matrilineal line and are genetically related. However, reintroduced elephants are less likely to be related, but...
| Contributor(s):: Probyn-Rapsey, F.
Factors influencing stereotypic behaviours of animals rescued from Asian animal markets: a slow loris case study
| Contributor(s):: Moore, R. S., Cabana, F., Nekaris, K. A. I.
Illegal wildlife trade has devastating effects on wild populations in Southeast Asia, made evident from the rising numbers of threatened species found in rescue centres. The prevalence of slow lorises ( Nycticebus spp.) in trade allows for the first time, a study of the response of wild-caught...
Participatory methods for the assessment of the ownership status of free-roaming dogs in Bali, Indonesia, for disease control and animal welfare
| Contributor(s):: Morters, M. K., Bharadwaj, S., Whay, H. R., Cleaveland, S., Damriyasa, I. M., Wood, J. L. N.
The existence of unowned, free-roaming dogs capable of maintaining adequate body condition without direct human oversight has serious implications for disease control and animal welfare, including reducing effective vaccination coverage against rabies through limiting access for vaccination, and...
Effects of single-use and group-use enrichment on stereotypy and intragroup aggressive and affiliative behaviors of a social group of squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) at the Singapore Zoo
| Contributor(s):: Sha, J., Han, S., Marlena, D., Kee, J.
Four food-based enrichment devices were used to test the effects of single-use and group-use enrichment devices on stereotypy, intragroup aggression, and affiliation in a compatible group of 5 squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus). All enrichment devices were found to reduce overall stereotypic...
Socialization of a single hand-reared tiger cub
| Contributor(s):: Kelling, A. S., Bashaw, M. J., Bloomsmith, M. A., Maple, T. L.
Given the drawbacks of hand-rearing nonhuman animals in captivity, the practice is generally avoided, but it is sometimes necessary. A few scientific publications are available to guide managers toward best practices in hand-rearing, but the majority of articles focus on hand-rearing captive...
Behavioural assessment of dental pain in captive Malayan sun bears ( Helarctos malayanus)
| Contributor(s):: Fleming, M., Burn, C. C.
Captive bears are prone to developing dental pathology for reasons including longevity in captivity, inappropriate diet, trauma, and stereotypical bar biting. If not detected, this can cause pain and suffering, with negative welfare consequences. As animals cannot verbally express feelings,...
"Buddhist compassion" and "animal abuse" in Thailand's Tiger Temple
| Contributor(s):: Cohen, E.
Benefits of naturalistic free-ranging primate displays and implications for increased human-primate interactions
| Contributor(s):: Sha, ChihMun, Kabilan, B., Alagappasamy, S., Guha, B.
Genetic and environmental influences on individual differences in frequency of play with pets among middle-aged men: a behavioral genetic analysis
| Contributor(s):: Jacobson, K. C., Hoffman, C. L., Vasilopoulos, T., Kremen, W. S., Panizzon, M. S., Grant, M. D., Lyons, M. J., Xian, H., Franz, C. E.
There is growing evidence that pet ownership and human–animal interaction (HAI) have benefits for human physical and psychological well-being. However, there may be pre-existing characteristics related to patterns of pet ownership and interactions with pets that could potentially bias...
Feeding Chromonaela odorata during pregnancy to goat dams affects acceptance of this feedstuff by their offspring
| Contributor(s):: Phan Vu, Hai, Everts, H., Dam Van, Tien, Schonewille, J. T., Hendriks, W. H.
We investigated the effect of Chromonaela odorata ingestion by goat dams during pregnancy on intake of C. odorata by their kids. Alteration of prenatal feed preference may be used to increase feed intake of novel feeds and the transit from outdoor to indoor goat farming in...
Behavior of grazing purebred and crossbred dairy cows under tropical conditions
| Contributor(s):: Matias, J. M.
Recent dairy development thrusts in the Philippines focus on increasing existing stock through the importation of dairy animals, particularly Holstein x Sahiwal crossbreds. This study was conducted to determine and compare the behaviour of purebred Holstein and crossbred (Holstein x Sahiwal)...
Bestia incognita : the horse and its history in the Philippines 1880-1930
| Contributor(s):: Bankoff, G.
Animals and their histories outside of Europe and its off-shoot settler societies are effectively unknown except as far they constitute a source of exotic species with which to stock the cages of western zoos or to provide hapless victims to the rifles of imperial sportsmen. This paper is an...
The relationship between childhood cruelty to animals and psychological adjustment: a Malaysian study
| Contributor(s):: Mellor, D., Yeow, J., Norul Hidayah bt, Mamat, Noor Fizlee bt Mohd, Hapidzal
In Western research, cruelty to animals in childhood has been associated with comorbid conduct problems and with interpersonal violence in later life. However, there is little understanding of the aetiology of cruelty to animals, and what in the child's life may require attention if the chain...
A comparison of the activity budgets of wild and captive Sulawesi crested black macaques ( Macaca nigra )
| Contributor(s):: Melfi, V. A., Feistner, A. T. C.
One aim of environmental enrichment techniques is to replicate 'wild-like' behaviour in captivity. In this study, three captive troops of Sulawesi crested black macaques (M. nigra) in Chester, Jersey and Marwell Zoos, UK were each observed for 100 h in large naturalistic enclosures In May and...
Validation of broiler chicken gait scoring training in Thailand, Brazil and New Zealand
| Contributor(s):: Butterworth, A., Knowles, T. G., Whittington, P., Matthews, L., Rogers, A., Bagshaw, C. S.
Broiler chickens are the most numerous terrestrial farmed animals on earth. These birds can suffer a range of pathologies which result in lameness, and one technique for assessing the impact of lameness on the individual bird, and on the flock has been gait scoring. This paper describes a study...