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  1. Ponies Proliferate Positive Affect: The Effectiveness of Equine Therapy on Positive Affect in Adolescents with Serious Emotional Disturbances

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hannah Roberts, Nikki Honzel

    Adolescents with serious emotional disturbances (SED) are a particularly difficult population to treat due to high comorbidity rates of anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress, and behavioral conduct disorders. The current study compared the effectiveness of equine-facilitated psychotherapy...

  2. Serum Cortisol Concentrations and Behavior Assessment as Tools for Evaluating Stress in Horses Used in Therapeutic or University Riding Programs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Shikun Chen

    Stress is known to have a negative impact on the health and well-being of animals. Physiological and behavioral changes offer objective and easy to use methods of evaluating stress in horses. However, there are limited studies showing a relationship between changes in stress-related behavior...

  3. Equine assisted learning with special populations

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hanna Baus

    This paper explores the use of equine-assisted learning (EAL) activities with special populations and includes a program evaluation for two equine-assisted learning programs developed and conducted by HeartStrides, a non-profit organization in the Pacific Northwest. The study included two...

  4. Equine Facilitated Mental Health Services and Social Adjustment in Adolescents on Probation

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anna Idzerda

    Little quantitative research has been done to verify claims that the use of horses in Equine Facilitated Mental Health and Education Services has an impact on the clients’ emotional and mental wellbeing. This study was created to determine if participation in six months of weekly...

  5. Potential Risk Factors for Aggression and Playfulness in Cats: Examination of a Pooling Fallacy Using Fe-BARQ as an Example

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Noema Gajdoš Kmecová, Barbara Petková, Jana Kottferová, Rachel Sarah Wannell, Daniel Simon Mills

    Using a popular method of behaviour evaluation which rates the intensity of behaviour in different contexts, we demonstrate how pooling item scores relating to a given construct can reveal different potential risk factors for the dependent variable depending on how the total score is...

  6. Alternative Therapies for People with Special Needs: An Emphasis on Animal-Assisted Therapies

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Emily Hamilton

    This paper contains research examining the effectiveness of alternative therapies - play therapy, art therapy, music therapy, horticulture therapy, and animal-assisted therapies – in helping various special needs populations. The focus of this research was on animal-assisted therapies...

  7. Dogs and blood pressure in non-dog owners

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Natasha Adamson

    Several studies have shown that the presence of a dog can reduce blood pressure during a stressful situation. A study done in 2001 demonstrated that for blood pressure to be reduced during a stressor the subjects must be dog owners. The purpose of this experiment was to determine if four, one...

  8. Short Communication: Open Access Ectoparasitic infestations of cats and dogs in Izzi Local Government Area of Ebonyi State, Nigeria: brief communication for 'One Health' approach to control of potential zoonoses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: M.O. Elom, N.N. Obeji, A. Nworie, V. Usanga

    Background: Cats and dogs are important companion animals that paradoxically pose risks of zoonotic infections to their owners. This study determined the ectoparasitic infestations of cats and dogs in a semi-rural setting of Ebonyi State, so as to establish the prevalence of the ectoparasites...

  9. Novel Diagnostic Tools for Identifying Cognitive Impairment in Dogs: Behavior, Biomarkers, and Pathology

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Zuzana Vikartovska, Jana Farbakova, Tomas Smolek, Jozef Hanes, Norbert Zilka, Lubica Hornakova, Filip Humenik, Marcela Maloveska, Nikola Hudakova, Dasa Cizkova

    Canine cognitive dysfunction syndrome (CCDS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder in senior dogs that is mainly associated with decreased ability to learn and respond to stimuli. It is commonly under-diagnosed because behavioral changes are often attributed to the natural process of...

  10. Equine Therapy From A Dance/Movement Therapy Perspective

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cecilia Clasen

    Equine Facilitated Psychotherapy (EFP) is a form of therapy that utilizes a team approach of a psychotherapist, an equine specialist and a horse or horses, all working together to aid individuals in experiencing personal emotional healing and growth. It can be particularly effective when there...

  11. Evaluating Cognitive and Behavioral Outcomes in Conjunction with the Secure Base Effect for Dogs in Shelter and Foster Environments

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lauren E. Thielke, Monique A. R. Udell

    Although it is widely accepted that dogs and humans form attachment relationships, characterizing attachment styles in dogs has only recently received attention in the literature. Previous research has shown that pet dogs display patterns of behavior in an attachment test that can be classified...

  12. The effect of videotapes of animals on cardiovascular responses to stress

    | Contributor(s):: Deborah L. Wells

  13. Anxiety-Reducing Effect: Dog, Fish and Plant in Direct Comparison

    | Contributor(s):: David Buttelmann, Anne-Kristin Römpke

  14. Population Characteristics of Cats Adopted from an Urban Cat Shelter and the Influence of Physical Traits and Reason for Surrender on Length of Stay

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hannah Miller, Michael Ward, Julia A. Beatty

    Measures aimed at reducing the length of stay (LOS) of cats in shelters can promote animal welfare and more efficient use of resources. The extent to which variables shown to impact LOS are broadly applicable is unclear. The aim of this study was to describe a population of cats adopted from an...

  15. Human Preferences for Conformation Attributes and Head-And-Neck Positions in Horses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Georgina L. Caspar, Navneet K. Dhand, Paul D. McGreevy

    Human preferences for certain morphological attributes among domestic animals may be entirely individual or, more generally, may reflect evolutionary pressures that favor certain conformation. Artificial selection for attributes, such as short heads and crested necks of horses, may have...

  16. Prospective Evaluation of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Performed in Dogs and Cats According to the RECOVER Guidelines. Part 2: Patient Outcomes and CPR Practice Since Guideline Implementation

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sabrina N. Hoehne, Kate Hopper, Steven E. Epstein

    Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) outcomes have not been prospectively described since implementation of the Reassessment Campaign on Veterinary Resuscitation (RECOVER) guidelines. This study aimed to prospectively describe CPR outcomes and document arrest variables in dogs and cats at a U.S....

  17. Characteristics and Adoption Success of Shelter Dogs Assessed as Resource Guarders

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Betty McGuire

    Some domestic dogs aggressively guard resources. Canine resource guarding impacts public health through dog bites and a ects dog welfare through adoption and euthanasia policies at animal shelters. However, little is known about the demographic characteristics and adoption success of dogs...

  18. Prospective Evaluation of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Performed in Dogs and Cats According to the RECOVER Guidelines. Part 1: Prognostic Factors According to Utstein-Style Reporting

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sabrina N. Hoehne, Steven E. Epstein, Kate Hopper

    Factors associated with positive cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) outcomes defined according to the veterinary Utstein-style CPR reporting guidelines have not been described since implementation of the Reassessment Campaign on Veterinary Resuscitation (RECOVER) CPR clinical guidelines in...

  19. Back to the Future: A Glance Over Wolf Social Behavior to Understand Dog–Human Relationship

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Giada Cordoni, Elisabetta Palagi

    This review focuses on wolf sociobiology to delineate the traits of cooperative baggage driven by natural selection (wolf-wolf cooperation) and better understand the changes obtained by artificial selection (dog-human cooperation). We selected some behaviors of the dog’s...

  20. Parental Perception of Changes in Basic Life Needs of Children with Disabilities after Six Months of Therapeutic Horseback Riding: A Qualitative Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Robert Lovrić, Nikolina Farčić, Štefica Mikšić, Aleksandra Gvozdanović Debeljak

    Therapeutic horseback riding (THR) has a positive effect on the physical, cognitive, and psychosocial functioning of children with disabilities. Parents’ reports of the effects of THR on their children support professionals in individualizing the THR program. With this qualitative study,...