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  1. Influence of Biographical Variables and Academic Background on Attitudes towards Animal-Assisted Interventions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: J. Lopez-Cepero, M.A. Perea-Mediavilla, J.L. Sarasola, A. Tejada

    Over the past two decades, there has been increasing evidence of the benefits of animal-assisted interventions (AAI) among diverse groups and settings. However, little is known of the variables that can affect the attitudes of professionals towards these interventions. Two studies were done...

  2. Visitor Perceptions of Captive, Endangered Barbary Macaques (Macaca sylvanus) Used as Photo Props in Jemaa El Fna Square, Marrakech, Morocco

    | Contributor(s):: Stazaker, Kristina, Mackinnon, Jay

    Visitors to Jemaa El Fna Square can pay to have their photograph taken with Barbary macaques. Our aim was to characterize visitors’ perceptions of such photo props, enabling demand-reducing interventions to be targeted appropriately and destination managers to maintain or enhance the visitor...

  3. Practices and Perceptions of Animal Contact and Associated Health Outcomes in Pregnant Women and New Mothers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hsin-Yi Weng, Kimberly Ankrom

    Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline...

  4. Post-communist canine: a feminist approach to women and dogs in canine performance sports in Poland

    | Contributor(s):: Wlodarczyk, J.

    The article attempts to present the complexity of relationships between women, capitalism, democracy, and competitive dog training in post-communist Poland. The article documents the correlation between increased involvement of women in competitive canine sports in Poland after 1989, changes in...

  5. Caregiver/orangutan relationships at Auckland Zoo: empathy, friendship, and ethics between species

    | Contributor(s):: Palmer, A., Malone, N., Park, J.

    Drawing on ethnographic, ethological, and historical data, we examined the relationships between orangutans and caregivers at Auckland Zoo. Caregivers displayed high levels of empathy and adjusted their husbandry routines to their interpretations of the orangutans' moods. Caregivers experienced...

  6. Changing Conceptions of Care: Humanization of the companion animal - human relationship

    | Contributor(s):: Fox, R., Gee, N. R.

    This paper explores the changing nature of companion animal-human relationships in Britain over the past 30 years. This period has seen rapid change in attitudes and practices towards companion animals, with notable advances in medical treatment, nutrition, and understanding of non-human animal...

  7. Service dogs in the hospital: helpful or harmful? A case report and clinical recommendations

    | Contributor(s):: Pellegrino, L. D., Cerimele, J. M., Dubovsky, A. N.

  8. "Who's been a good dog?" - Owner perceptions and motivations for treat giving

    | Contributor(s):: White, G. A., Ward, L., Pink, C., Craigon, J., Millar, K. M.

    Complex relationships commonly exist between owners and their companion animals, particularly around feeding behaviour with an owner's affection or love for their animal most pronounced through the provision of food. It is notable that the pet food market is experiencing strong year-on-year...

  9. Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human - an on-farm study

    | Contributor(s):: Mersmann, D., Schmied-Wagner, C., Nordmann, E., Graml, C., Waiblinger, S.

    The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...

  10. Justice for all? Children's moral reasoning about the welfare and rights of endangered species

    | Contributor(s):: Ruckert, J. H.

    This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental shift...

  11. Do all dogs go to heaven? Investigating the association between demographic characteristics and beliefs about animal afterlife

    | Contributor(s):: Royal, K. D., Kedrowicz, A. A., Snyder, A. M.

    The purpose of this research was to explore American's beliefs about animal afterlife based on key demographic factors such as sex, race/ethnicity, age, geographic region, religion/faith, and pet ownership. We attained a large and diverse sample of respondents (n=800) using Amazon's Mechanical...

  12. Living on the edge: attitudes of rural communities toward Bengal tigers (Panthera tigris) in central India

    | Contributor(s):: Reddy, C. S., Reuven, Yosef

    To date, most studies of the Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris) are of biological research, techniques, conservation, population modeling, or tiger-human conflicts. Few studies have attempted to understand the rural population that share a region with the tigers, and some of the villages are even...

  13. Exploring children's perspectives on the welfare needs of pet animals

    | Contributor(s):: Muldoon, J. C., Williams, J. M., Lawrence, A.

    Children are increasingly viewed as important recipients of educational interventions to improve animal welfare, yet research examining their perspectives is lacking, particularly within the UK. Helping children to care appropriately for animals depends, not least, on an ability to understand the...

  14. Living with the beast: wolves and humans through Portuguese literature

    | Contributor(s):: Lopes-Fernandes, M., Soares, F., Frazao-Moreira, A., Queiroz, A. I.

    This paper explores representations of wolves in Portuguese literature using an anthropological framework to analyze perceptions, beliefs, knowledge, and practices. From a literary corpus compilation, 262 excerpts from 68 works that made reference to wolves were classified by grid analysis into...

  15. Children's beliefs about animal minds (Child-BAM): associations with positive and negative child-animal interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Hawkins, R. D., Williams, J. M.

    Children and animals can have a great impact on each other's lives, yet little is known about the underpinnings of these relationships. Children's interactions with animals may be influenced by their belief in animal minds, that animals are sentient and experience thoughts and feelings. This...

  16. Animal humanness, animal use, and intention to become ethical vegetarian or ethical vegan

    | Contributor(s):: Diaz, E. M.

    The present study used relational and predictive approaches to build on past literature examining humanlike animal attributes. From the relational approach, it examined how five humanlike attributes ascribed to animals (Attributes Questionnaire) relate to one another and to attitudes toward 21...

  17. Relationships' best friend: links between pet ownership, empathy, and romantic relationship outcomes

    | Contributor(s):: Cloutier, A., Peetz, J.

    The benefits of pets on individual wellbeing is well established. But can pets also have benefits for romantic relationships? Using mixed methods, three studies explored the link between pet ownership and romantic relationship quality. First, using a grounded theory approach, we qualitatively...

  18. In the water with white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias): participants' beliefs toward cage-diving in Australia

    | Contributor(s):: Apps, K., Dimmock, K., Lloyd, D., Huveneers, C.

    White shark (Carcharodon carcharias) cage-diving tourism is a controversial activity that provokes emotional and often opposing points of view. With increasing demand for shark tourism since the 1990s, the un- derlying determinants driving this growth in participation remain unclear. This paper...

  19. Rural and urban students' perceptions of and attitudes toward brown bears in Turkey

    | Contributor(s):: Ambarli, H.

    Many studies have examined adults’ perceptions of and attitudes toward large carnivores to assess human–wildlife conflict and inform conservation strategies, but there have been few studies concerning children. I studied secondary school students’ perceptions of and attitudes...

  20. Empathy towards animals and belief in animal-human-continuity in Italian veterinary students

    | Contributor(s):: Colombo, E. S., Pelosi, A., Prato-Previde, E.

    Empathy towards animals and beliefs in animal-human continuity appear to play an important role in shaping the human-animal relationship and in determining the way animals are treated and cared for. Veterinary medicine plays a central role in animal welfare and has been recognised as a highly...