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  1. Short- and long-term effects of rearing dairy calves with contact to their mother on their reactions towards humans

    Contributor(s):: Waiblinger, S., Wagner, K., Hillmann, E., Barth, K.

  2. Foraging Eurasian badgers Meles meles and the presence of cattle in pastures. Do badgers avoid cattle?

    Contributor(s):: Mullen, Enda M., MacWhite, Teresa, Maher, Peter K., Kelly, David J., Marples, Nicola M., Good, Margaret

    The proximity of badgers (Meles meles) to cattle, and their propensity to utilise pastures containing cattle, is of fundamental importance in understanding transmission possibilities for Mycobacterium bovis between a wildlife reservoir and cattle on farms. A study of free-ranging badgers carrying...

  3. Long-term stability of Avoidance Distance tests for on-farm assessment of dairy cow relationship to humans in alpine traditional husbandry systems

    Contributor(s):: Battini, Monica, Andreoli, Elena, Barbieri, Sara, Mattiello, Silvana

    The present study investigates the long-term stability of two behaviour tests used to evaluate the human–animal relationship as well as gather information to refine on-farm welfare assessment protocols in alpine husbandry systems. Two tests, Avoidance Distance (AD) and Avoidance Distance at the...

  4. Is the avoidance distance test for the assessment of animals’ responsiveness to humans influenced by either the dominant or flightiest animal in the group?

    Contributor(s):: Mazurek, Mickael, McGee, Mark, Minchin, William, Crowe, Mark A., Earley, Bernadette

    A previously described (Windschnurer et al., 2009) avoidance distance test was used to assess animals’ fear of humans in order to quantify the human–animal relationship (HAR). This study investigated the influence of the dominant and flightiest animals within a group on the responsiveness of...

  5. Behavioural reactions before and during vaginal examination in dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Pilz, Madlen, Fischer-Tenhagen, Carola, Thiele, Gerhard, Tinge, Harm, Lotz, Fabian, Heuwieser, Wolfgang

    Vaginal examinations are routine procedures on dairy farms to diagnose pregnancy or puerperal diseases. Cows express their discomfort in certain situations with discrete behavioural reactions. These reactions can be described in their occurrence and extent. Although there is evidence that human...

  6. Avoidance-related behavioural variables and their relationship to milk yield in pasture-based dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Dodzi, Madodana S., Muchenje, Voster

    The behavioural responses of Jersey, Friesland and crossbred cows to humans were determined by recording their avoidance distance scores (AD), exit speed (ES), pen score (PS), pen behaviour score (PBS), platform score (PLS), and the occurrence of kicking (KCK) and stepping (SPG) during milking in...

  7. Gentle interactions decrease the fear of humans in dairy heifers independently of early experience of stroking

    Contributor(s):: Lürzel, Stephanie, Windschnurer, Ines, Futschik, Andreas, Waiblinger, Susanne

    The relationship of farmed animals with humans has important implications for animal welfare and productivity. To investigate the short- and long-term effect of gentle interactions (stroking, talking in a gentle voice) during different life stages on the fear of humans, we tested heifers that had...

  8. Effectiveness of "natural stockmanship" training in cattle

    Contributor(s):: Abramowicz, P., Golebiewski, M., Gorecka-Bruzda, A., Brzozowski, P.

  9. Face-fly pest intensity, fly-avoidance behavior (bunching) and grazing time in Holstein heifers

    Contributor(s):: Schmidtmann, E. T., Valla, M. E.

    In field studies in New York State in 1978-79, the relationship between feeding by adults of Musca autumnalis Deg., and fly-avoidance behaviour (bunching) and grazing time of heifers was examined in herds that were either exposed to the ambient pest intensity levels or treated with permethrin...

  10. Methods of training cattle to avoid a location using electrical cues

    Contributor(s):: Lee, C., Prayaga, K., Reed, M., Henshall, J.

    Electronic technologies offer new opportunities to control the spatial positioning and social groupings of cattle. This study examines the potential for cattle to be trained by associative learning so that they avoid a feed attractant when cued by electrical stimuli delivered by radio-controlled...

  11. The ability of cattle to distinguish between, and their preference for, floors with different levels of friction, and their avoidance of floors contaminated with excreta

    Contributor(s):: Phillips, C. J. C., Morris, I. D.

    The ability of dairy cows to discriminate between floors with a smooth epoxy resin surface or with surface-applied bauxite aggregates of mean diameters 0.5, 1.2 or 2.5 mm (having coefficients of static friction of 0.35, 0.42, 0.49 and 0.74, respectively) was recorded when they were offered the...